Universiteit van amsterdam opleiding antropologie en sociologie der niet-westerse samenlevingen



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1 The KWS is the body dealing with all Kenya's wildlife inside as well as outside protected areas.

2 I have simply stated the names of the contributors of the conference behind the relevant sections.

3 I have used the 2007 average exchange rates to convert all amounts mentioned in this thesis. During 2007, US$ 1 was worth 67 Ksh, while € 1 was worth Ksh 95. The current exchange rates are 62 Ksh to 1 US$ and 98 Ksh to € 1. www.oanda.com and www.centralbank.go.ke, visited May 22, 2008.

4 The baraza (plural: baraza) is a public meeting and is generally held outside, in the shade of a tree, as most baraza are lengthy affairs. It is a meeting during which everyone involved can have his say, and local communities solve their issues, largely by consensus. In the past, baraza in many places were only accessible to the elders or to adult men (for instance circumcised or married man), but nowadays women often attend the meetings, although they take the floor less often than the men.

5 The government of Kenya is one of the few countries to explicitly state its economic objectives with regard to wildlife, with its 1976 (but still relevant) policy statements clearly declaring the need for wildlife to pay off (Western & Henry 1979: 414).

6 This term was used during the course Het symbolische beest (the symbolic beast) as given at the University of Amsterdam from september 2006 till january 2007 by Rob van Ginkel.

7 During the latest International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) World Parks Congress held in South Africa in 2003, the congress officially 'noted that protected areas may have a negative impact on indigenous peoples, including mobile indigenous peoples, and local communities when their rights and interested are not accounted for' (IUCN 2003: 2, see also Brosius 2004).

8 This research was carried out by different teams of researchers during the relatively short time-span of two weeks in March 2005. The statistics are based on a minimum number of 50 respondents per district, totaling over 700 respondents in the entire study. Although the extend of the study is limited, the comparative character and strong felt accuracy, also felt by the communities in Kenya, has been an incentive for me to use it.



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