Units 5 and 6 Study Guide (Westward Expansion through Reconstruction)

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Units 5 and 6 Study Guide (Westward Expansion through Reconstruction)

  1. How did the Fourteenth Amendment forever shape post-Civil War America?

It granted citizenship status to ex-laves and granted equal protection under the law for all

  1. Jefferson Davis played what role in the Civil War?

President of the Confederacy

  1. Whose message to Congress on May 11, 1846, stated that "Mexico has passed the boundary of the United States, has invaded our territory and shed American blood upon American soil"?

President James K. Polk

  1. During Reconstruction, the South was placed under military control on several occasions. This act was a part of which plan?

Congressional Reconstruction (Radical)

  1. Why did the Supreme Court’s Dred Scott decision increased tensions between slave and free states?

It permitted slavery even in free states/territories

  1. What was the primary goal of colleges like Morehouse College in the 1800s?

To provide advanced education to former slaves

  1. Why did South Carolina secede from the Union?

They feared Lincoln would end slavery after his election (1860)

  1. Which group opposed racial integration, prevented blacks from voting, and used violence to intimidate freedmen?

Ku Klux Klan (KKK)

  1. Hiram Rhodes Revels was a key figure during the Reconstruction era. Why?

He was the first African American Congressmen (Senate, 1870)

  1. The Mexican- American war was settled by which treaty?

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

  1. The 13th amendment was significant following the Civil War because it ended which practice?


  1. How did the impeachment of Andrew Johnson affect Reconstruction?

It slowed down Reconstruction due to disagreements between the president and congress

  1. In terms of position in government and role in decision-making, Jefferson Davis shared the most similarities with whom?

President Lincoln

  1. Describe the Radical (Congressional) Reconstruction Plan.

It sought to place harsh restrictions on the south and increase the requirements for re-admittancce

  1. How did the election of Rutherford B. Hayes help end Reconstruction?

Southern democrats agreed to vote for Hayes (republican) in exchange for the removal of federal troops in the south

  1. Which Civil War battle resulted in the Union gaining strategic control of the Mississippi River?


  1. What were the terms of the Compromise of 1850?

California entered as a free state, Nevada/Utah-popular sovereignty, Fugitive Slave law

  1. How did the Nullification Crisis threaten the unity of the United States?

Southern states threatened to ignore federal law within their borders

  1. The Missouri Compromise, Wilmot Proviso, and Compromise of 1850 were all designed to do what?

Deal with the issue of slavery prior to the Civil War

  1. Define States Rights.

States should be able to deal with most issues themselves

  1. The Freedman's Bureau was specifically created to do what?

Aid former slaves and poor whites with food, clothing, shelter, education, etc. after the Civil War

  1. Describe the southern reaction to John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry.

Angered/scared because they feared the north would use violence to end slavery

  1. How did General William T. Sherman mainly contribute to the Union’s victory in the Civil War?

Destroyed Atlanta, March to the Sea, captured Savannah

  1. Which South Carolina senator supported slavery, state's rights, and nullification?

John C. Calhoun

  1. What was the Gettysburg Address about?

Lincoln goal to preserve the union, loss of lives, and desire to live up to the Declaration of Independence

  1. The Grimke sisters famously argued for what issue?

Abolition and womens rights

  1. Which decision by President Lincoln was controversial because it involved limiting people’s civil liberties?

His suspension of habeas corpus

  1. Union General Winfield Scott's plan to defeat the Confederacy included a naval blockade of southern ports, gaining naval control of the Mississippi River, and invading the rebellious southern states. By what name was General Scott's strategy known?

Anaconda Plan

  1. Which was a MAJOR difference between Andrew Johnson’s view of Reconstruction and the view of the Radical Republicans?

Johnsons-easy for the south to re-enter, Congressional- difficult, harsh, strict, etc.

  1. Who were Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison, and the Grimke Sisters?


  1. What was the Battle of Antietam was important?

Bloodiest single day, It led to Lincoln issuing the Emancipation Proclamation

  1. Summarize the goal of the Emancipation Proclamation.

Symbolically freed slaves in the South (IF the south did not surrender)

  1. How did the Missouri Compromise affect the expansion of slavery into western territories?

It allowed slavery in western territories south of Missouri (and in Missouri)

  1. Define secede.

To withdraw/break away (from the union)

  1. The book Uncle Tom’s Cabin was authored by?

Harriet Beecher Stowe

  1. What were Black Codes?

Laws passed against blacks during Reconstruction

  1. Why was the Wilmot Proviso controversial in 19th Century America?

It attempted to ban slavery in territory won during the Mexican American War

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