Not to know what happened before one was born is to always remain a child.
We are raising a generation of young people who are historically illiterate to a large degree. Everything we have--our institutions, our material advantages, our laws, our freedom, not to say our poetry...music and...architecture--all comes to us from people who went before us. And to not know anything about them, to be indifferent to them, which is even worse than being ignorant...is...really...mass ingratitude. --David McCullough
CHAPTER NINE\: THE RISE AND FALL OF LIBERALISM 247
POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES, 17902000 319
GROWTH OF THE FEDERAL UNION, 1788-2000 319
INTRODUCTION I have assembled in this booklet instructional aids which will help enhance your understanding of the lectures and readings for this course, United States History, 1775-2000, or which explain and clarify the organization and requirements of the course. These aids include vignettes which are usually statements by important historical figures or commentary by observers of critical events and episodes in the history of African American people in the United States, statistical tables and information sheets.
Also included are lists of weekly terms introduced and emphasized during the lectures or discussed in the assigned readings. These terms reflect some critical event or development for a particular period of United States History or refer to a concept which will help you better understand the historical process. Since I will randomly choose some of the terms for your midterm and final exams you should learn the definition and historical significance of each of them. Those terms not specifically discussed in class will be explained in your textbooks or the manual so it is particularly important that you do all of the assigned reading. All of the instructional materials are arranged in the approximate order in which they will be discussed during the quarter.
One final note: you should view the materials in this manual not simply as additional information you will have to learn for the exams but as data that will help you better comprehend and assimilate the varied issues addressed in the lectures and textbook reading assignments. If you have any questions about any of the information presented in this manual please contact me during my office hours which are listed on your course syllabus.
My office is Smith 316-A and my office phone number is (206) 543-5698. My email address is email@example.com. My office hours for Winter 2003 are 10:30-11:30 MTuWTh.
The teaching assistants for this class are Mr. Brian Barnes firstname.lastname@example.org, Mr. Fred Brown email@example.com, and Mr. Joseph Wycoff firstname.lastname@example.org. They will provide you with their office hours and office phone numbers.
UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON
Department of History
Fall, 2004 Instructor: Prof. Quintard Taylor
Office: Smith 316-A
Phone: (206) 543-5698
Office Hours: MTuWTh, 10:30-11:30
Email: email@example.com UNITED STATES HISTORY
COURSE REQUIREMENTS The history of United States has been a paradox of triumph and tragedy as Americans over three centuries have continuously confronted each other over the meaning of democracy, opportunity, justice and equality. Due to its ten week duration, this course cannot possibly present a detailed examination of the American historical experience. It will, however, identify and examine critical periods such as the revolutionary era, the 1830s, the Civil War and Reconstruction, the era of industrialization, World War II and the 1960s, when those themes have been challenged and tested. The challenges continue through this day. However we can take full advantage of our current vantage point to examine how this nation's past has prepared all of us in varied ways for our contemporary world. Is the battle for democracy, justice and equality over? Using a variety of historians and history sources, we shall try to answer that question during this quarter.
John M. Murrin, Paul E. Johnson, James M. McPherson, Gary Gerstle, Emily S. Rosenberg and Norman Rosenberg, Liberty, Equality, Power: A History of the American People (Belmont, Ca.: Wadsworth/Thomson, 2004) Quintard Taylor, UNITED STATES HISTORY from 1775 to 2000: A Manual for Students in HSTAA 101 This manual is online at http://faculty.washington.edu/qtaylor/ Teaching Assistants:
Brian Barnes firstname.lastname@example.org
Fred Brown email@example.com
Joseph Wycoff firstname.lastname@example.org
I have placed on reserve in Odegaard Undergraduate Library additional readings which will help explain the history of the United States. As the need arises I may add other articles to the reserve room holdings. All readings other than those from purchased texts are on reserve.
Your course grade is based on three exercises: a midterm exam (30%), a final examination (40%) and three short papers of 4-5 pages (10% each) describing and assessing a crucial period in United States history. These papers will be due by Friday at noon of the 3rd, 6th, and 9th weeks of the term. You also have the option of writing a 10 page research paper in lieu of the three short papers. However you must notify your Teaching Assistant of your intentions by the end of the second week of the term. Research on Pacific Northwest history topics is especially encouraged. The optional paper must be supported by research in primary sources. The completed research paper should be handed in by Wednesday of final exam week. The schedule for the short papers appears in the weekly assignment section below. The midterm is scheduled for the end of the fifth week.
Some students will be unable to take the midterm exam with the rest of the class. In that case I ask them to take a makeup exam scheduled for 5:00 6:00 p.m. on the last Friday of instruction during the quarter. The room will be announced later. Since the makeup exam will be penalized 10 points on a 100 point exercise, all students should make every effort to take the exam at its scheduled time.
Those students who perform poorly on the midterm exam (69 or below) have the option of writing a book review to offset that grade. Should you choose to write the review, it can be handed in no later than the Friday of the eighth week of the term. Please read the page titled Optional Book Review Assignment in the manual before initiating your review.
My grading procedures are simple. Since each exam is worth up to 100 points I will average your numerical score. I will also assign a numerical score for your research paper, "C"=75, "C+"=78, etc. Your numerical scores will then be averaged to determine your course grade. Thus if your overall average is 76 your course grade will be the numerical equivalent of a "C" in the UW grading system.
I do not issue "incompletes" to students who by the end of the quarter have not taken an exam, handed in an assigned paper or otherwise met the course requirements. If you have not completed all of the course requirements by the end of exam week, and you have not, by that point, explained why, your grade will be lowered accordingly.
Reading Assignments Week 1: Establishing these United States
No reading assignment, prepare for the final exam.
Final Examination is scheduled for 8:30-10:20 a.m. Wednesday, December 15
Required Short Papers
United States History, 1775-2000
As indicated above each student in HISTAA 101 will write three short papers describing and assessing episodes or events in United States history that reflected one of the themes of the course, democracy, opportunity, justice and equality. For example a brief paper on 19th Century Irish immigration or 20th Century Filipino immigration to the United States could analyze the theme of opportunity. Here your paper should not simply "celebrate" the concept but should critically analyze both its meaning for the newcomers and whether the historical experiences of the immigrants in the U.S. actually illustrated the opportunity sought. Similarly one could take the examples of the 19th Century debates over women's suffrage or business monopoly or the 20th Century conflict over affirmative action or federal subsidies to agriculture (or business) to explore themes of justice or equality. A paper on Reconstruction or the New Deal could explore the meaning of democracy in America.
The arguments you advance in your short papers must be supported by evidence from the textbook, manual and other scholarly sources in United States history. When you use this evidence be sure to cite it in footnotes or endnotes. Your papers will be due by Friday at noon of the 3rd, 6th, and 9th weeks of the term.
Optional Research Paper
United States History, 1775 2000
Your research paper should explore in depth some important issue or topic in American History between 1775 and 2000. Avoid describing some individual or episode. Instead, pose a question and, given the resources at your disposal, answer that question. Thus you should not simply write a paper on Abraham Lincoln's Presidency as much as you should focus on a particular historical problem related to the individual and the era. For example, could Lincoln have prevented Southern secession? How did Lincoln's racial beliefs affect his emancipation policy?
Your paper should be no more than ten typewritten pages including bibliography and it should conform to Turabian's, A Manual for Writers (latest edition). You should include at least ten sources in your bibliography and each source should have a corresponding footnote or endnote in the text.
Please give me a one page outline which includes your major research question and a selected bibliography showing the books and articles you have already consulted by the seventh Friday of the Quarter. The completed paper should be handed in by the last regularly scheduled class meeting of the Quarter. I will not accept research papers presented to me after that date.
Suggested Topic Areas
Loyalists and the American Revolution Antebellum Industrialization: Pittsburgh and Lowell Compared
The Jeffersonian Ideal Henry Grady and the New South
The Civil Rights Movement, 1954-1965 Populism and Progressivism Compared
Women in the American Revolution Andrew Carnegie and the Gospel of Wealth
The Abortion Debate The Rise and Decline of Organized Labor in America
The Cuban Missile Crisis Elizabeth Cady Stanton and the 19th Century Feminist Movement
19th and 20th Century Immigration Compared The CIA and U.S. Foreign Policy since 1950
John D. Rockefeller and Bill Gates Compared The Reagan Revolution and Modern Conservatism
The West and the Civil War The End of the Cold War
Hollywood and History The Women’s Suffrage Campaign in Washington
Boeing Aircraft Company and the Cold War Women and the American Revolution
Optional Book Review Assignment
United States History, 1775 2000
As I indicated on the first day of class, you have the option of writing a book review to offset a low midterm exam grade. As with most standard book "reviews," you will describe the book's major thesis or argument. But I also request that you follow these guidelines in your assignment. Remember, collectively they are as important to your overall review grade as the report on the contents of the work.
1. Assess whether you were convinced by the author's argument. 2. Discuss the most important new information you learned about American history from the book. 3. Describe how the book reinforced or challenged ideas about American history that you have learned from the assigned readings, my lectures, and the discussions. 4. State whether you would recommend the book to others, and include specific reasons for your decision.
Your review should be approximately five typewritten pages, 1,500 words for those of you who use computers. I recommend that you devote the first three pages to a review of the book itself and the remaining two pages to respond to the four guidelines. Please number your pages. I will not accept untyped book reviews submitted as an email attachment or faxed document.
The first page of each review should have information on the book which appears as follows:
Quintard Taylor, The Forging of a Black Community: Seattle's Central District from 1870 through the Civil Rights Era (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1994) You may choose almost any book on United States history except the ones that are primarily textbooks. Also not eligible are regularly assigned textbooks for any other history courses you are currently taking.
You should present your choice either via email or on a sheet of paper to one of the Teaching Assistants by the eighth Friday of the term: Friday, November 18. The completed book review should be handed in by Friday, December 9. Unless prior permission has been granted, no book review will be accepted after the due date.
CHAPTER ONE: ESTABLISHING THESE UNITED STATES Terms for Week 1 creed of political equality patriarchy Bacon's Rebellion deference John Locke "tyranny of the majority" "blue laws" Bill of Rights Boston Massacre Loyalists Shay’s Rebellion Colonel Tye Abigail Adams Captain Pipe Stamp Act Crisis The Philadelphia Convention Common Sense Lord Dunmore's Proclamation