·In 1790 there were six slave states; in 1860 there were 15.
·From 1790 until Congress banned the importation of slaves from Africa in 1808, Southerners imported 80,000 Africans.
·By 1860 approximately one in three Southerners was a slave.
Which event played the GREATEST role in creating these conditions in the South during the antebellum era?
A) the Northwest Ordinance of 1789
B) the Dred Scott decision of 1857
C) the secession of South Carolina in 1860
D) the invention of the cotton gin by Eli Whitney in 1793 BT1
7. Which event is the BEST example of a conflict over states' rights?
A) Trail of Tears
B) The War of 1812
C) Nullification Crisis D) Election of Andrew Jackson
8. Which segment of the American population would have been MOST supportive of the Tariff of 1828?
A) The Freedmen, who were hurt by high rates of unemployment due to the tariff.
B) Southerners who were forced to pay higher prices on goods the region did not produce
C) Western settlers who saw the threat that the tariff posed to their efforts at industrialization.
D) Northerners who would experience increased industrial growth because of a decrease in British imports. BT1
9. In the early nineteenth century, why did the steps to industrialize take place in New England as opposed to the South?
A) Agriculture in New England was not highly profitable.
B) The South did not economically benefit from cash crops.
C) Southerners were fearful of slaves working in factories.
D) New Englanders had an abundance of slaves to work in factories.
10. Who was the most vocal opponent of the Tariff of 1828 and advocated "State's Rights" and "Nullification" in the growing sectional conflicts between North and South?
A) Henry Clay of Kentucky
B) Andrew Jackson of Tennessee
C) Daniel Webster of Massachusetts
D) John C. Calhoun of South Carolina 11. Which technological development led to an increased demand for slaves in the United States during the early- to mid-1800s?
A) the steel plow
B) the cotton gin C) the mechanical reaper
D) the combine harvester
12. The relative absence of enterprises engaged in manufacturing and finance prior to the Civil War in the Southern states is MOST LIKELY due to
A) the dependence on cotton farming in the South. B) the lack of cities with high populations in the South.
C) the South's refusal to use technology developed in the Industrial Revolution.
D) the South's inability to raise financial capital to engage in manufacturing activities.
13. Sectionalism can best be defined as what?
15. How would a southern political leader in the 1800s have most likely felt about higher tariffs and a strong central government?
A) He would have favored both because tariffs tended to raise the price of southern goods and many Southerners believed a strong central government was needed to protect slavery.
B) He would have opposed both because tariffs tended to lead to other nations taxing southern products as well as most Southerners believed strongly in states’ rights.
C) He would have favored tariffs but opposed a strong central government, because tariffs raised the price of southern goods but a strong central government was seen as a threat to states’ rights.
D) He would have opposed tariffs but supported a strong central government, because tariffs damaged the South’s ability to trade and raised the price of domestic products from the North but a strong central government was seen as necessary to protect states’ rights.
16. How did the Indian Removal Act contribute to the Trail of Tears?
It opened thousands of acres of Western lands to new settlement by Americans.
It allowed Andrew Jackson to break treaties with Native American groups at his will.
It annexed Texas as new Indian Territory.
It established the Indian Territory in Oklahoma to which the Cherokee were removed.
17. In what region of the United States did industrialization begin?