United States History and the Constitution Assessment Bank

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1. Which newspaper headline best illustrates the ineffectiveness of the Articles of Confederation?

A. Whiskey Rebellion Begins in Western Pennsylvania

B. New York Imposes Tariff on Connecticut Goods

C. Supreme Court Denied Power of Judicial Review

D. Land Ordinance of 1785 Issued by Congress
2. What was an important argument that the Federalists made in support of a new constitution?

A. It would weaken slavery.

B. It would protect states' rights

C. It would strengthen the economy.

D. It would protect the rights of the individual.

3. The New Jersey and Virginia plans of the 1780s were each meant to

A) settle issues regarding the power of states in the national government.

B) create a compromise on the issue of slavery.

C) draft a plan for independence from Britain.

D) draft a peace treaty with the British.
4. Why did the Anti-Federalists push for the addition of a Bill of Rights to the United States Constitution?

A) there was a precedent set for doing so in Great Britain's Constitution

B) they believed the government needed protection from possible uprisings

C) they believed the people's liberties needed protection from the government

D) there was already a requirement to do so, but the Federalists were ignoring it

· Born in 1751 in Virginia
· An author of the Federalist Papers
· Considered the "Father of the Constitution"
· 4th President of the United States

All of these are describing what "Founding Father" of the United States?

A) John Adams

B) James Madison

C) Thomas Jefferson

D) George Washington

6. The Articles of Confederation represented the Americans' distrust of

A) the British.

B) states rights.

C) any governing authority.

D) a strong central government.
7. How did the Stamp Act, the Tea Act, and the Intolerable Acts encourage American colonists to consider revolution against British rule?

A) by representing an effort in Britain to end the slave trade in the colonies

B) by revealing the British plan to expand the American colonies farther west on the continent

C) by ignoring American representatives in Parliament on issues of taxes levied in the American colonies

D) by raising taxes in the American colonies without granting the colonies any representation in Parliament
8. George III was the leader of Britain during

A) World War II

B) the Cold War

C) the American Revolution

D) the Spanish American War

9. The unicameral legislative branch created by the Articles of Confederation was MOST LIKELY changed to a bicameral branch
in the United States Constitution because people

A) wanted the government to have much more power.

B) wanted more of a separation of government power.

C) wanted everything from the Articles to be changed.

D) believed that the first legislative branch was corrupt.
10. Congress called for a convention to be held in Philadelphia in 1787 in order to

A) declare independence from England.

B) revise the Articles of Confederation.

C) establish a new Constitution for the United States.

D) direct the Revolutionary War effort against England.

I. prevention of anarchy
II. limitation of state's powers
III. no bill of rights
IV. protection from foreign enemies

Which of these arguments were used by the Federalists to urge people to ratify the Constitution?

A) I and II

B) I and IV

C) II and IV

D) II and III
12. The post-colonial distrust of strong, national governmental power can most clearly be seen in the creation of the
A) Constitution.
B) Mayflower Compact.
C) Albany Plan of Union.
D) Articles of Confederation.
13. The Sons of Liberty led a revolt at the Georgia governor’s mansion in 1766. They were protesting against the
A) Stamp Act.
B) Intolerable Acts.
C) Siege of Savannah.
D) Battle of the Rice Boats.
14. Which statement BEST describes one outcome of the First Continental Congress?
A) The colonists declared independence from Great Britain.
B) King George III sent a letter to apologize for British actions.
C) The colonists expressed their dissatisfaction with British rule.
D) The Intolerable Acts were repealed and colonial demands were met.


This cartoon printed in 1760 was most likely a protest against

A) pirates.
B) food safety.
C) British taxes.
D) cruelty of British soldiers.
16. One of the central reasons for the military success of the United States in the American Revolution was
A) a well armed and well trained military force.
B) financial and military assistance from France.
C) substantial industrial production of armaments.
D) its navy was vastly superior the that of Britain.

"They tell us, sir, that we are weak; unable to cope with so formidable an adversary. But when shall we be stronger? Will it be the next week, or the next year? Will it be when we are totally disarmed, and when a British guard shall be stationed in every house? Shall we gather strength by irresolution and inaction? Shall we acquire the means of effectual resistance by lying supinely on our backs and hugging the delusive phantom of hope, until our enemies shall have bound us hand and foot? Sir, we are not weak if we make a proper use of those means which the God of nature hath placed in our power. The millions of people, armed in the holy cause of liberty, and in such a country as that which we possess, are invincible by any force which our enemy can send against us."
Patrick Henry
"Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death" speech
March 23, 1775

The likely audience Patrick Henry’s speech is intended for is
A) British soldiers.
B) American Indians .
C) American colonists.
D) French mercenaries.
18. The rebellions started by Daniel Shays in 1786 were a protest against
A) a tax on whisky.
B) the war against Britain.
C) debts and businesses' refusal to accept paper currency.
D) the calling of the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia.
19. During the American Revolution TORIES were
A) French soldiers who fought for Americans.
B) colonists who were loyal to Great Britain.
C) German soldiers who fought against Americans.
D) colonists who supported breaking from Great Britain.

I. prevention of anarchy
II. limitation of state's powers
III. no bill of rights
IV. protection from foreign enemies

Which of these arguments were used by the Federalists to urge people to ratify the Constitution?
A) I and II
B) I and IV
C) II and IV
D) II and III


What would be the MOST LIKELY geological feature that influenced the drawing of the Proclamation of 1763?

A) Ohio River
B) Rocky Mountains
C) Mississippi River
D) Appalachian Mountains
22. Which of the following statements represents a common criticism of the Articles of Confederation?

A) “The document is too weak. It gives no power to the people and too much to the government.”

B) “This document fails because it once again allows a national government to impose unjust taxes.”

C) “The document is not effective because it grants no substantial power to the national government.”

D) “The document cannot be accepted because it does not require the British to recognize our independence.”
23. Which of the following least contributed to the need for a constitutional convention in 1787?

A) the nation’s economic crisis

B) Shay’s rebellion

C) the failure of the Articles of Confederation

D) the emergence of political parties
24. Which of the following was not a subject of intense debate at the Constitutional Convention?

A) whether or not to count slaves as part of the population

B) whether or not to change the Articles of Confederation

C) how to determine each state’s number of representatives in a national legislature

D) what to do about the slave trade
25. Someone suspicious of strong central governments who identified more with their own state than with the nation as a whole would have initially been most supportive of which of the following documents?

A) Articles of Confederation

B) US Constitution

C) Albany Plan of Union

D) Magna Carta
26. Who of the following would have been most likely to favor the Virginia Plan?

A) a delegate to the Constitutional Convention from a small state

B) a delegate to the Second Continental Congress from a small state

C) people opposed to slavery

D) delegates to the Constitutional Convention from a large state
27. Which of the following was a subject of intense debate at the Constitutional Convention?

A) whether or not the Articles of Confederation needed to be changed

B) whether or not to end slavery

C) whether or not to count slaves in the nation’s population

D) whether or not to have a king
28. Which of these is described below?

*Two-house legislature

*Proportional representation in House of Representatives

*Two Representatives per state

A. Compromise of 1850

B. Great Compromise

C. Three-Fifths Compromise

D. Missouri Compromise

29. Which statement below BEST describes the Articles of Confederation?

  1. The Articles of Confederation established the concept of three branches of government later used in the Constitution.

  2. The Articles of Confederation established a government modeled after the English parliamentary model.

  3. The Articles of Confederation established a weak central government consisting of a Congress only.

  4. The Articles of Confederation established a strong executive branch with the right to levy taxes and control trade.

30. The phrase “We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union” begins which document?

  1. The Declaration of Independence

  2. The Northwest Ordinance

  3. The United States Constitution

  4. The Articles of Confederation

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