United States History and the Constitution Assessment Bank

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1. In the aftermath of the Holocaust, what new action did the United States take to aid Jews?

A. It created shelter programs.

B. It recognized Israel as a state.

C. It helped locate lost relatives.

D. It provided monetary compensation.

· April 1942
· 75,000 American and Filipino troops involved
· took place in The Philippines
· approximately 10,000 deaths

All of these are describing

A) the Battle of Luzon.

B) the Bataan Death March.

C) the Battle of Guadalcanal.

D) the atomic bombing of Hiroshima.

3. What event resulted in death sentences for 12 Nazi war criminals and prison sentences for 8 others?

A) The Nuremberg Trials

B) The International Military Tribunal

C) The Truth and Reconciliation Commission

D) The United States of America vs. Otto Ohlendorf


"Our many Jewish friends and acquaintances are being taken away in droves. The Gestapo is treating them very roughly and transporting them in cattle cars to Westerbork, the big camp in Drenthe to which they're sending all the Jews....If it's that bad in Holland, what must it be like in those faraway and uncivilized places where the Germans are sending them? We assume that most of them are being murdered. The English radio says they're being gassed."

- Diary of a Young Girl (1947), entry dated April 11, 1944

The quote is referring to what period in history?

A) World War I

B) The Holocaust

C) The Great Depression

D) The Russian Revolution
5. Which group was the MAIN target of the Nazis during the Holocaust?
A) Christians
B) Jews
C) immigrants
D) women
6. Which statement about the Holocaust is TRUE?
A) Children were not allowed in the concentration camps.
B) The Nazis avoided killing women and the elderly.
C) Jews were the main targets of the Nazis.
D) Most Germans tried to help the victims.
7. Which of these is the word coined by Raphael Lemkin in 1943 and means “the deliberate and systematic destruction of a racial, political, or cultural group?"
A) genocide
B) homicide
C) nationalism
D) prosecution

8. During his rise to power, Hitler gained popularity and helped stir extreme anti-Semitic sentiment by

A) convincing Germans that the United States was responsible for their many hardships.
B) making the people of Germany believe that the Soviet Union was going to attack them.
C) blaming the collapse of world trade and other economic failures on Jewish financiers.
D) destroying the rule of law in Germany so that Germans would seek retribution on each other.

9. During World War II, the United States assisted Jews in Europe who were threatened by Nazi policies by

A) forming the state of Israel.
B) establishing the War Refugee Board.
C) invading concentration camps and shutting them down.
D) allowing hundreds of thousands of Jewish refugees into the country.



This image would have been MOST likely to have been found in the United States in which time period?

A) Cold War
B) World War I
C) World War II
D) Seven Years' War

11. Which was the MOST "symbolic" reason that Nuremberg was selected for the location of the "Trial of the Major War Criminals" following World War II?

A) A large prison was part of the complex.
B) Berlin had been almost completely destroyed by Allied bombing.
C) Nuremberg was considered the ceremonial birthplace of the Nazi Party.
D) The Palace of Justice there was spacious and largely undamaged by Allied bombing.
12. The trials at Nuremberg were meant to accomplish which of the following?

A) avenge the Bataan Death March

B) provide justice for the Holocaust

C) put Adolf Hitler on trial

D) execute Tojo Hideki


13. In November 1945, the International Military Tribunal tried German leaders suspected of committing war crimes at the

  1. McCarthy hearings.

  2. Nuremberg trials.

  3. Potsdam conference.

  4. Yalta conference.


1. Read the headlines below and answer the question that follows.

● U.S. Enters Korean War without Congressional Declaration

● Gulf of Tonkin Resolution Approved

Which political trend in the United States in the post-World War II period is reflected in these headlines?

A. the increase in judicial activism

B. the growing power of the presidency

C. the upsurge in the domestic anti-war movement

D. the rising threat of internal communist uprisings
2. In the years immediately following World War II, events in what country threatened to start a war between the United States and the Soviet Union?
A) Cuba
B) Japan
C) Germany
D) Vietnam

3. The original purpose of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) was to

A) prevent another world war.
B) create free trade between all nations.
C) provide for a defense pact against possible Soviet aggression.
D) form a 10-year plan for the economic recovery of Western Europe.

4. The purpose of the Soviet blockade of Berlin (1948-1949) was to

A) force West Germany to become communist.
B) force the US to end the Truman Doctrine.
C) prevent Easterners from going to the West.
D) starve West Berlin into submitting to Communist rule.



What is the most appropriate title for this timeline?
A) Korean War
B) Vietnam War
C) World War II
D) Philippine Annexation
6. Which of those countries would have been "behind the Iron Curtain" during the Cold War?
A) France
B) Italy
C) Poland
D) Spain

"I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures."
Harry Truman, 1951

In this quote from President Truman, the "outside pressures" which might attempt to subjugate free peoples are most likely from
A) Latin America.
B) Western Europe.
C) Communist powers.
D) newly independent African countries.
8. During the Cuban Missile Crisis, U.S. President ____ and Soviet leader ____ almost took the world into a nuclear war.
A) Carter, Brezhnev
B) Reagan, Gorbachev
C) Johnson, Khrushchev
D) Kennedy, Khrushchev


"And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you--ask what you can do for your country.
My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man."
-- President John F. Kennedy, Inaugural Address, January 20, 1961

Which program BEST represents President Kennedy's statements?
A) Medicare
B) Medicaid
C) The Peace Corps
D) The Great Society

10. Which of these was NOT a component of the Marshall Plan?

A) investment in heavy industry in war damaged countries
B) the creation of a unified European currency to facilitate trade
C) providing aid to European economies to prevent the spread of Communism
D) removing trade barriers to foster the development of international commerce

11. This alliance of countries was created to attempt to stop possible Communist aggression against member countries.

A) The League of Nations.
B) The United Nations (UN).
C) North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
D) The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).



This comic book from 1947 is an example of

A) a work of propaganda.
B) a history of the Cold War.
C) art that urges social conformity.
D) literature banned during McCarthyism.
13. What country found itself divided into communist and non-communist zones at some point during the 20th century?
A) Canada
B) Germany
C) Thailand
D) United States
14. The Bay of Pigs resulted in which of these results?
A) the Soviet Union installed nuclear missiles in Cuba
B) U.S. forces withdrew from all Latin American countries
C) the United Nations demanded immediate Soviet withdrawal from Cuba
D) protests demanding US withdrawal from Cuba occurred on college campuses across the country
15. Which of these was a DIRECT result of the success of the Cuban Revolution in 1959?
A) Zapatista Movement
B) Bay of Pigs Invasion
C) Hungarian revolution
D) Berlin Wall construction
16. Why did President Harry S. Truman authorize the Berlin Airlift?

A) He wanted to evacuate US citizens from the city before launching a military invasion

B) He wanted to get needed supplies to West Berlin without going to war with the USSR.

C) He wanted to fly US military planes over Soviet territory to remind Stalin that the US possessed the atomic bomb.

D) He felt it was necessary to convince Germany to surrender
17. The philosophy put forth by George Kennan which suggested that the US should accept communism where it already existed and focus its efforts on preventing it from spreading was called what?

A) détente

B) containment

C) appeasement

D) diplomacy
18. The fear that if one nation falls to communism, then a neighboring nation is likely to fall; then another, then another…is referred to as what?

A) McCarthyism

B) the Marshall Plan

C) the Red Scare

D) the domino theory
19. For roughly a quarter of a century it stood as a chilling symbol of the Cold War, the iron curtain, and Germany’s division between communist East and democratic West. What was it?

A) the Warsaw Pact

B) the Berlin Wall

C) the Great Wall

D) the Kremlin
20. What policy was adopted by President Nixon that attempted to use diplomacy rather than shows of military force when dealing with the Soviets and China?

A) the Nixon doctrine

B) the Nixon corollary

C) détente

D) brinkmanship

21. When former British prime minister, Winston Churchill, said, “…an iron curtain has descended across the continent…” what was he referring to?

A) the threat Hitler posed to peace in Europe

B) Hitler’s invasion of France

C) the dropping of the atomic bomb

D) the postwar division between free/democratic western Europe and communist eastern Europe

22. What is one area in which the United States and the Soviet Union competed for superiority during the Cold War?

  1. Human rights

  2. Automobile production

  3. Housing development

  4. Space exploration


23. Use the list below to answer the following question.

1945 = Soviet/U.S. division along the 38th parallel

June 1950 = North Korean troops invade South Korea

November 1950 = China intervenes

1951 = General MacArthur fired

The events listed above are associated with

  1. The Vietnam War.

  2. The United States invasion of China.

  3. World War II’s Pacific Front.

  4. The Korean War.

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