United States History and the Constitution Assessment Bank

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1. Read the quotation below by Eleanor Roosevelt and answer the question that follows.

I foresee some difficulty for some of the people who live at such great distances

and who have no car, no train, no airplane to ride, no way of using a car, of

reaching the centers where they can buy.

What effect of World War II on the U.S. home front was Mrs. Roosevelt referring to?

A. limited access to public transportation

B. shutdown of car production

C. price controls on goods

D. rationing of necessities



The point of view of this poster is that

A) passage of the Civil Rights Act is needed.

B) racial equality is vital to United States prosperity.

C) cooperation by all will result in American World War II victory.

D) desegregation of the armed forces will cause victory in World War I.

3. Which case restricted Japanese Americans' rights during World War II by placing them in internment camps?

A) Camp v. US

B) US v. Ju Toy

C) Korematsu v. US

D) US v. Wong Kim Ark


4. Most of the people in the internment camps in the United States during World War II were

A) African-Americans.

B) German-Americans.

C) Italian-Americans.

D) Japanese-Americans.


This photograph shows U.S. residents at an internment camp during World War II. Many of these people had been of what background?

A) Chinese

B) British

C) French

D) Japanese



What role did "Rosie the Riveter" (seen here) play during World War II?

A) to persuade women to fight for equal pay
B) to persuade women to be as strong as men
C) to encourage women to enter the workforce
D) to encourage women to look after their families while husbands were away

7. Which of these is the MOST accurate description of the War Production Board (1942-1945)?

A) It controlled much of the American economy during World War II.
B) It failed in its attempt to put an end to the Great Depression.
C) It was created during the New Deal to give a boost to the economy.
D) It allowed the U.S. to mobilize quickly to defeat the Central Powers in World War I.


This photograph depicts women learning welding in the 1940s. It shows that women

A) had achieved educational equality.
B) were not allowed into academic institutions.
C) were needed for the war effort in World War II.
D) had to work outside the home just to make ends meet.
9. During World War II, a widely adopted means of solving labor shortage problems in U.S. industry was to
A) employ women.
B) welfare reform.
C) use forced labor.
D) raise the immigration quotas.


Which famous World War II unit, made up entirely of Japanese-Americans, bears the distinction of being the most highly decorated military unit in American history?

A) the Flying Tigers
B) the Burma Panthers
C) the Red-Tailed Angels
D) the 442nd Regimental Combat Team
11. During World War II, which group was forced to uproot and move to American relocation centers?
A) Mexican Americans
B) African Americans
C) Chinese Americans
D) Japanese Americans
12. The treatment of Japanese Americans in the United States during WWII can best be described as what?

A) unjust due to racism and suspicion

B) favorable due to open-mindedness

C) favorable due to government policies

D) harsh because most were guilty of treason
13. The WACS, Tuskegee Airmen, “code talkers,” and members of the 442nd were all examples of what?

A) units caught by surprise at Pearl Harbor

B) soldiers involved in combat in the Pacific

C) contributions made by women and minorities to the United States military

D) Mexican-American soldiers awarded the medal of honor in WWII.

14. Use the passage below to answer the following question.

“We drove past a barb-wired fence, through a gate, and into an open space where trunks and sacks and packages had been dumped from the baggage trucks that drove out ahead of us. I could see a few tents set up, the first rows of black barracks, and beyond them….rows of barracks that seemed to spread for miles across the plain. People were sitting on cartons or milling around….waiting to see which friends or relatives might be on this bus.”

The above passage describes which of the following?

  1. Japanese internment camps

  2. Peace Corps camps

  3. Nazi concentration camps

  4. Prisoner-of-war camps in the U.S.


1. How did the United States' goal in World War II differ from its goal in World War I?

A. The United States fought to end the war quickly.

B. The United States fought for unconditional surrender.

C. The United States fought to bring about a lasting peace.

D. The United States fought to preserve freedom and democracy.



The darkened area in the map shows one of the nations which joined the United States in the Normandy Invasion of 1944. This nation is (the)

A) Spain.

B) France.

C) Germany.

D) United Kingdom.

3. President Truman decided to use the atomic bomb on Japan in 1945 because

A) it was the last hope the U.S. had of winning the war.

B) Congress would not fund an invasion of the Japanese mainland.

C) it would prevent roughly one million deaths that an invasion of Japan would cause.

D) the Japanese were planning to use an atomic bomb of their own on the United States.


4. The overall purpose of the conferences at Casablanca (January 1943), Teheran (November 1943), Yalta (February 1945), and Potsdam (July 1945) was to

A) devise a solution to stop the Holocaust.

B) design an atomic bomb to end World War II.

C) plan the Allied victory against Axis forces.

D) create a plan to drive Mussolini from Africa.

5. On June 6, 1944, a combined force of U.S., British, Canadian, and Free French soldiers landed in
A) France.
B) Germany.
C) Italy.
D) Japan.
6. The "Manhattan Project" was the code name for the
A) U.S. plan to invade Japan.
B) Allied plan to invade Europe.
C) U.S. plans to make an atomic bomb.
D) German plan to attack New York City.



At this 1945 conference Harry Truman, Clement Attlee, and Joseph Stalin met to discuss how to administer punishment to Germany following her unconditional surrender.

A) the Yalta Conference
B) the Atlantic Charter
C) the Teheran Conference
D) the Potsdam Conference


At this 1945 conference, Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin met to discuss plans to govern postwar Germany and to rebuild the war-torn nations of Europe.

A) the Yalta Conference
B) the Atlantic Charter
C) the Teheran Conference
D) the Potsdam Conference

9. The Potsdam Conference of 1945 marked the beginning of diplomatic conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union because

A) Stalin demanded that German prisoners of war be executed as part of terms of the unconditional surrender.
B) Stalin refused to surrender control of Polish territory that the Soviet military had seized during the war.
C) Stalin felt slighted that Truman had not informed him of the atomic weapons that the United States had recently developed.
D) The United States confronted Stalin with evidence that Soviet troops had committed war crimes during their advance toward Berlin in 1945.

10. Which two countries were on the side of the United States in World War I but were enemies of the United States in World War II?

A) Italy and Japan
B) Russia and Italy
C) Germany and Japan
D) Austria and France

11. During World War II, conferences such as those held in Tehran, Yalta, and Potsdam demonstrated that

A) the Soviet Union would be an obstacle to defeating Hitler.
B) the Allies were uncertain as to whether or not Hitler could be defeated.
C) only the United States was willing to provide troops to defeat the Japanese.
D) nations with different political ideologies could cooperate to defeat a common foe.
12. Which of the following represents a correct chronological order of events regarding WWII?

A) Mussolini invades Ethiopia, the Allies win victory in North Africa, Paris is liberated, Pearl Harbor is attacked

B) Pearl Harbor, Battle of Britain, Battle of the Bulge, D-Day

C) D-Day, Hitler invades the Soviet Union, Pearl Harbor is attacked, Germany invades France

D) Hitler ascends to power, Pearl Harbor is attacked, the Battle of the Bulge, the atomic bomb is dropped

13. What was the “Manhattan Project” and what effect did it have on the world after WWII?

A) It was the code name for Hitler’s invasion of the Soviet Union and it led to Stalin’s decision to maintain satellite nations in eastern Europe after the war.

B) It was the code name for construction of the atomic bomb and it led to the development of nuclear weapons and a nuclear arms race between the US and USSR.

C) It was the code name for the allied invasion of Europe and it resulted in Hitler killing himself and the death of Nazism.

D) It was the code name for Hitler’s plan to eliminate the Jews and it ultimately led to a demand for a new Jewish homeland and the founding of Israel.

14. D-Day refers to

  1. The Allied invasion of Morocco.

  2. The Allied offensive in the Battle of Midway.

  3. The Axis bombing of London.

  4. The Allied invasion of Normandy.

15. The Americans adopted the policy of island-hopping to

  1. Acquire bases to move supplies and troops closer and closer to Japan.

  2. Spy on Japanese military activity.

  3. Acquire natural resources to further the war effort.

  4. Force Germany to fight a war on more than one front.

16. What was the Manhattan Project?

  1. The Manhattan Project was one of FDR’s New Deal programs aimed at bringing employment to large cities.

  2. The Manhattan Project was the code name for the D-Day preparations.

  3. The Manhattan Project was the name of the American program to develop the atomic bomb.

  4. The plan developed to invade Japan was called the Manhattan Project. Because of the dropping of the atomic bomb, this invasion plan was never implemented.

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