United States History and the Constitution Assessment Bank

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1. Why did many urban industrial workers support the New Deal?

A. It nationalized city utilities.

B. It legalized collective bargaining.

C. It eased regulations on businesses.

D. It actively supported political machines.

2. Which segment of the U.S. population actually saw increased employment in the fields of education, nursing, domestic service, and the textile industry during the 1930s?

A) White males

B) White females

C) African-American males

D) African-American females


DeSoto State Park in Fort Payne, Alabama (pictured here) was created by a New Deal program called the

A) Agricultural Adjustment Administration.

B) Works Progress Administration.

C) Civilian Conservation Corps.

D) Tennessee Valley Authority.



· Signed into law by President Franklin Roosevelt in 1935
· Created to support retirees over the age of sixty-five
· Also created unemployment insurance and welfare programs
· Workers and employers fund it by paying payroll taxes

All of these are describing which New Deal program?

A) Social Security Act

B) National Recovery Act

C) Fair Labor Standards Act

D) Public Works Administration



The broom in this cartoon from early 1932 represents changes to the government, which people expected FDR to make. These were changes that would

A) be ruled unconstitutional.
B) be known as the "New Deal."
C) start after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
D) later be known as "Big Stick" diplomacy.



The cartoon from 1933 is expressing the belief that

A) FDR's programs are straying too far from American ideals.
B) the New Deal is succeeding in ending the Great Depression.
C) the New Deal was a failure in ending the Great Depression.
D) FDR needs to try to use some of the ideas created by Karl Marx.



This editorial cartoon from 1933 is of the opinion that

A) Theodore Roosevelt needs to ban gambling in the U.S.
B) Theodore Roosevelt has successful economic policies.
C) FDR's programs can get the U.S. out of the Great Depression.
D) FDR's programs failed to deliver the promise of his campaign.
8. The event generally considered the START of the Great Depression in the United States was
A) bank failures throughout major American cities.
B) the outbreak of the influenza epidemic.
C) the crash of the stock market.
D) the end of World War I.
9. A bold set of programs proposed by FDR during the second half of his first term in office that was meant to undermine critics on the left who thought he had not done enough was known as what?

A) the First New Deal

B) the Second New Deal

C) the Third New Deal

D) the Fair Deal
10. Franklin Roosevelt’s domestic program for addressing the Great Depression that featured deficit spending and which was often criticized as either “too little” or “socialism” was called what?

A) the first hundred days

B) the Fair Deal

C) the New Deal

D) the court-packing scheme

11. Since the 1930s, the majority of the African-American community has tended to vote Democratic rather than Republican. This trend is evidence of what?

A) the fact that African-Americans still remain loyal to Abraham Lincoln for issuing the Emancipation Proclamation

B) policies put in place during Reconstruction

C) African-Americans’ tendency to credit the New Deal for better jobs and opportunities

D) the influence unions had over African-Americans after the Great Depression

12. Which of the following New Deal programs is INCORRECTLY identified?

  1. The Civilian Conservation Corps created forestry jobs for young men.

  2. The Tennessee Valley Authority financed rural electrification and helped the economy of a seven-state region.

  3. The Wagner Act limited industrial production and set prices.

  4. The Social Security Act provided a monthly retirement benefit for people age 65 and over.

13. What political organization, formed from both parties, opposed the New Deal?

  1. Federal Recovery Agency

  2. American Liberty League

  3. Civil Works Administration

  4. Tennessee Valley Authority

Standard USHC-7



1. Why did President Franklin D. Roosevelt refrain from intervening in Europe during the rise of totalitarian regimes in Germany and Italy?

  1. A large portion of the American public did not support U.S. involvement in Europe.

B. President Roosevelt did not believe the U.S. military could defeat the German military.

C. The leaders of Britain and France did not want the United States intervening in European affairs.

D. President Roosevelt was afraid a prolonged war would further damage the weakened U.S. economy.

2. Which agreement, signed by the United States and several other nations in 1928, renounced aggressive war and prohibited the use of war as an instrument of national policy except in matters of self-defense?

A) The League of Nations

B) The Munich Conference

C) The Kellogg-Briand Pact

D) The Treaty of Versailles


3. The main goal of the Japanese in their attacks against the United States in December 1941 was

A) to cripple the US Pacific fleet.

B) to divert US attention from the war in Europe.

C) to convince the United States not to enter the war.

D) to force the US to enter the war on the side of the Axis Powers.



1931- Japan invades Manchuria.
1935- Italy invades Ethiopia.
1936- Germany militarizes the Rhineland.
1938- Hitler agrees to stop expansion at the Munich Conference.

Based on this chart, it is evident that a major cause of World War II was

A) the failed economic policies during the Great Depression.

B) the warlike attitude of countries in the Pacific Ocean region.

C) the failure of the League of Nations to stop the aggressive behaviors of some countries.

D) the reluctance of European countries to look outside of their borders after World War I.

5. A policy that tries to avoid foreign alliances and involvement is called

A) imperialism.

B) isolationism.

C) nationalism.

D) restrictionism.
6. The term used to describe the willingness of Britain and France to allow Hitler to repeatedly break provisions of the Treaty of Versailles is
A) appeasement.
B) blitzkrieg.
C) lebensraum.
D) totalitarianism.

· Annexation of Czechoslovakia
· Non-Aggression Pact
· Invasion of Poland
· Blitzkrieg

This list BEST summarizes events that led to the start of
A) World War I.
B) the Cold War.
C) World War II.
D) the Spanish-American War.
8. The United States became involved in World War II primarily because of events in
A) Asia.
B) Europe.
C) the Pacific.
D) South America.

9. The United States became directly involved in World War II following

A) Germany's attack on Britain.
B) the German invasion of Poland.
C) the sinking of the Lusitania.
D) Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor.
10. In the Spring of 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed into law a bill which allowed him to sell, loan, or give war material to countries for their defense against Axis forces. This bill was known as the
A) Lend-Lease Act.
B) Cash and Carry Act.
C) European Recovery Program.
D) Destroyers for Bases Agreement.


This World War II poster is suggesting that

A) freedom of speech might have its limits in times of war.
B) merely talking about issues involving the war is traitorous.
C) people who talk of the war but don’t help in the effort actually hurt the war effort.
D) people who talk badly of the war should be prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law.
12. President Franklin Roosevelt said that December 7, 1941, would "live in infamy" because on that day
A) Japan bombed Pearl Harbor.
B) France was invaded by Germany.
C) Japan invaded the Philippines.
D) German U-boats sank the Lusitania.

13. Which of these was a result of America's participation in World War II?

A) Both women and African-Americans won new job opportunities after the war.
B) The U.S. moved to a more isolationist position and focused primarily on domestic issues.
C) The U.S. owed large debts to England and the Soviet Union for war materials and supplies.
D) American involvement resulted in the unconditional surrender of Germany, Japan, and the Soviet Union.
14. With the outbreak of World War II in 1939, what was President Franklin Roosevelt's official position for the United States?
A) Neutrality
B) Side with Axis Powers
C) Side with Allied Powers
D) Sell arms to Axis Powers

15. Japan’s need for natural resources, its desire to expand its empire, and a fear that its plans might fail if the US Navy intervened, were all factors leading to which of the following events?

A) the policy of appeasement

B) revolution in China

C) the bombing of Pearl Harbor

D) the Holocaust

16. Which of the following statements best describes President Franklin Roosevelt’s feeling regarding the war just prior to Pearl Harbor?

A) He adamantly opposed war because he was an isolationist.

B) He understood isolationism but believed that the US could not afford to stay out of the war any longer because its allies needed help.

C) He strongly favored the war because the US had been attacked by Japan.

D) He opposed war because he trusted Japan and had no idea the US would be attacked.

17. The United States under Roosevelt originally followed a policy of neutrality during the tensions leading up to World War II because of the belief that

  1. War is bad for business.

  2. World War I arms sales had brought the U.S. into that war.

  3. Tensions were not bad enough to produce a war.

  4. Involvement in the conflict would make shipping U.S. goods overseas difficult.

18. Use the list below to answer the following question.

Anti-Communism Pact with Japan, 1936

Munich Agreement, 1938

Nonaggression pact with Soviet Union, 1939

The above events led to the aggressive expansion of which nation?

  1. Germany

  2. Italy

  3. China

  4. Japan

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