United States History and the Constitution Assessment Bank

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1. According to the Treaty of Versailles, what country was expected to pay for the damages in World War I?

A) Austria-Hungary
B) France
C) Germany
D) Russia

Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution

"After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited."

This passage began what era in the United States?
A) Red Scare
B) Prohibition Era
C) Civil Rights Era
D) Women’s Rights Movement
3. The Prohibition Era in the United States is generally associated with a ban on
A) alcohol.
B) communism.
C) free speech.
D) immigration.



This photograph represents an opinion that

A) opposes the income tax.
B) supports voting rights.
C) supports the Civil Rights Act.
D) opposes the prohibition of alcohol.


· authored the Fourteen Points
· served as United States President during all of W.W. I
· represented the United States at the Versailles Conference

Which president do these actions describe?
A) Herbert Hoover
B) Woodrow Wilson
C) Theodore Roosevelt
D) Franklin Roosevelt


Based on this map, one can infer that women in the early 20th Century

A) were not allowed to vote in the Midwest.
B) did not have the benefit of suffrage in the western states.
C) had their voting rights protected by the federal government.
D) generally could not vote in states along the eastern seaboard.


7. The Sedition Act of 1918

A) were declared unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1921.
B) were designed to stop antiwar propaganda but were not enforced.
C) placed limitations on freedoms of speech and press.
D) passed over President Woodrow Wilson's veto.


The men in the picture shown are gathering in their opposition to the ratification of the

A) 1st Amendment.
B) 10th Amendment.
C) 19th Amendment.
D) 26th Amendment.



This cartoon is suggesting that the League of Nations would

A) lead to the defeat of the Central Powers in World War I.
B) cause the United States to lose World War I.
C) limit the president’s sovereign powers.
D) drag the United States into foreign wars.

Standard USHC-6



1. Look at the photograph below from the early 1900s and answer the question that follows.

How did the manufacturing of automobiles by the method shown in the photograph affect the U.S. economy?

A. It caused high levels of unemployment.

B. It reduced the number of new industries.

C. It created more products at lower prices.

D. It started the growth of urban development.


2. Which contributed most to the Great Migration of African Americans to the North?

A. decreasing numbers of agricultural jobs in the South

B. improved transportation systems in the North

C. overcrowded conditions in southern cities

D. labor shortages in northern cities


What was the significance of the Spirit of St. Louis (shown here)?

A) It dropped the first atomic bomb in 1945.

B) It was used by the Wright Brothers in 1907.

C) It was flown by Charles Lindbergh across the Atlantic in 1922

D) It was the only plane to survive the Pearl Harbor attack in 1941.



This theater's GREATEST influence was during the

A) Lost Generation.

B) Prohibition Era.

C) Harlem Renaissance.

D) Counterculture Movement.

5. The increase in consumer spending during the 1920s was fueled in part by

A) higher taxes.

B) unemployment.
C) decreased land values.
D) overreliance on credit.


In approximately what year did the urban population surpass the rural population in the United States?

A) 1900
B) 1910
C) 1920
D) 1930


7. The "Lost Generation" is a term that is often used to describe

A) the victims of the Armenian genocide in World War I.
B) soldiers who were unable to recover from World War I.
C) the German population that did not return from World War I.
D) artists and intellectuals who were disillusioned by World War I.
8. Which of these is LEAST associated with the 1920s?
A) flappers
B) football
C) jazz
D) speakeasies

9. It can be argued that radio's MOST important contribution to American life in the 1920s was

A) broadcast updates about the growing "Dust Bowl."
B) it helped to create a common culture in the United States.
C) people could keep posted on all news about the war with Japan.
D) those in the city could hear Broadway play instead of attending them.

· Tortilla Flat
· The Grapes of Wrath
· Of Mice and Men
· East of Eden

All of these are works by which American author?
A) John Steinbeck
B) William Faulkner
C) Zelda Fitzgerald
D) Zora Neale Hurston
11. In what is known as The Great Migration, large numbers of African Americans moved from the rural south to northern cities, beginning in the early twentieth century. What motivated this large-scale movement?
A) the Emancipation Proclamation
B) the opportunity to serve in the military in World War I
C) job openings due to industrial growth in northern cities
D) competition for jobs from immigrants moving into southern states

12. In the era after World War I and before the Great Depression, American towns grew rapidly because of

A) greater availability of information.
B) mass production of automobiles.
C) invention of electric lights.
D) increased use of airplanes.
13. Which of the following least contributed to the US becoming a “consumer society” in the 1920s?

A) ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment

B) mass advertising

C) installment plans

D) mass production
14. Saloons, vaudeville shows, the popularity of movies and spectator sports, and the use of public transportation are all what?

A) common aspects of early 20th century rural life

B) activities outlawed under Prohibition

C) different parts of the “New Deal”

D) aspects of urban life in the early 20th century
15. Which one of the following was a product of the Harlem Renaissance?

A) the writings of Ernest Hemingway

B) the philosophies of Booker T. Washington

C) the writings of Langston Hughes

D) the service of the Tuskegee Airmen

16. How did mass media, such as radio, movies, and national publications, help transform US society during the 1920s?

A) For the first time, the US began to form a national culture rather than simply regional ones.

B) People stopped watching television and began reading and listening to more music.

C) Citizens became more isolated.

D) It had little effect because few people could afford access to such media.


17. The Harlem Renaissance is best described by which of the following statements?

A) It was a political movement meant to give power to the common man.

B) It was a militant black movement meant to achieve civil rights for African-Americans by force.

C) It was an artistic movement among the African American community in literature, art, and music

D) It was a poem written by W.E.B. DuBois that called for social change.

18. The “Lost Generation” refers to which of the following?

A) musicians from Mississippi and Louisiana who introduced jazz to northern cities

B) writers who protested the materialism of the 20s.

C) young men who lost their innocence fighting in WWII

C) freed slaves who had nowhere to turn after the war

19. Use the list below to answer the following question.

Economic Growth and Prosperity

Mass production reduced prices.

New technology led to new industries.


The list shows business innovations that led to U.S. economic growth and prosperity in the 1920’s. Which of the following business innovations belongs in the box with the “????” ?

  1. The invention of the railroad linked cities and towns across the U.S.

  2. The development of the joint-stock company boosted investment.

  3. New consumer goods fueled a manufacturing boom.

  4. The growth of credit cards made it easier for consumers to finance purchases.

20. The Harlem Renaissance was a product of

  1. The Great Migration, a movement of African Americans to the South.

  2. The immigration of talented people from the west coast of Africa.

  3. New anti-segregation laws.

  4. The Great Migration, a movement of African Americans from the rural South to Northern cities.

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