United States History and the Constitution Assessment Bank

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1. Look at the political cartoon below and answer the question that follows.

Which war is the cartoon most likely referring to?

A. Spanish American War

B. World War I

C. World War II

D. Vietnam War



This American poster from 1917 is suggesting that the United States

A) should fight Germany to protect the borders of the U.S.

B) is far enough away from the conflict raging in Europe.

C) should stay out of European affairs.

D) will be invaded by a simian army.

3. Which of these is considered to be the "spark" which ignited World War I?

A) the invasion of Poland

B) the invasion of Belgium

C) the assassination of Franz-Ferdinand

D) the sinking of a British passenger ship


As commander-in-chief of the American Expeditionary Force, General John J. Pershing played a major role in the defeat of the Germans in 1918. Which of Pershing's decisions would prove MOST important in guaranteeing the success of the AEF?

A) Pershing staged a series of costly amphibious assaults on the German-held beaches in Italy and France.

B) Pershing split his forces up and assigned his divisions to reinforce British and French troops at weak spots in the trenches.

C) Pershing followed the lead of the French and British commanders who had more experience in the "trench warfare" that was common in World War I.

D) Pershing refused to allow British and French units to use his soldiers as replacements and instead kept the AEF operating as an independent army under his command.

5. Which of these was a factor in the United States entrance in World War I?

A) the invasion of Poland

B) Japan's invasion of China

C) The Axis threat to the Panama Canal

D) German unrestricted submarine warfare
6. The purpose of Woodrow Wilson's "Fourteen Points" was to

A) state the U.S. goals in W. W. I.

B) encourage Italy to join the Allied Powers.

C) explain why the U.S. did not enter World War I in 1914.

D) explain the U.S. position concerning the Bolshevick Revolution in Russia.

7. The Sedition Act of 1918

A) were declared unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1921.

B) were designed to stop antiwar propaganda but were not enforced.

C) placed limitations on freedoms of speech and press.

D) passed over President Woodrow Wilson's veto.



This cartoon refers to events surrounding what conflict?

A) World War I
B) World War II
C) the Korean War
D) the Vietnam War
9. Why is World War I often considered a prime example of total war?
A) It was an industrial war.
B) Propaganda was used effectively.
C) It was fought only on one continent.
D) Citizens were targeted during combat.

10. Which of these was the MOST direct cause of World War I?

A) the spread of communism
B) ethnic tensions in Europe
C) Japanese military expansion
D) independence movements in colonies

11. Which of these happened FIRST, following the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand on June 28, 1914?

A) France invaded Belgium.
B) Germany declared war on Russia.
C) Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.
D) Russia mobilized its forces for a possible war.

12. Which statement BEST explains why United States entered World War I in 1917?

A) The Japanese launched a surprise attack on the U.S.
B) The U.S. citizens were calling for war against Germany.
C) The German navy had sunk the Lusitania that year.
D) The U.S. had evidence of a threat to its national security.
13. When World War I began, the official United States policy was
A) to enter on the side of the Allied Powers.
B) to remain militarily and politically neutral.
C) to support the Central Powers by providing war materials.
D) to support the Allied Powers while staying out of the war.
14. All of the following were long term causes of World War I EXCEPT
A) Colonial disputes.
B) Religious differences.
C) The drive for naval superiority.
D) Ethnic tensions within the Austria Empire.



·Laid responsibility for The First World War on Germany.
·Dictated that Germany would pay reparations and disarm its military.
·Resulted in substantial loss of territory for Germany.
·Helped set the stage for European conflict that would eventually result in World War II.

Which event is being described by these statements?
A) The Munich Pact
B) The Treaty of Versailles
C) The North Atlantic Treaty
D) The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

16. Two nations sign an agreement stating that if one is attacked, then the other will consider themselves attacked as well and both will go to war against the aggressor nation. These two countries have what?

A) moral obligations

B) an alliance

C) an embargo

D) an isolationist agreement


17. What were the “Fourteen Points?”

A) Wilson’s plan for peace following WWI

B) Germany’s reasons for fighting WWI

C) the Allies’ demands before accepting the Japanese surrender in WWII

D) Lyndon B. Johnson’s domestic program.

18. A nation decides to build up its armed forces and amass large numbers of the latest weapons in an effort to intimidate other countries and deter them from engaging in any activity that would be considered threatening. What is this an example of?

A) alliances

B) militarism

C) isolationism

D) ideology
19. Which factors caused WWI to explode into a major international conflict?

  1. The League of nations and the Big Four

  2. Mustard gas, trenches, submarines and tanks

  3. Militarism, nationalism, alliances, and the arms race

  4. Assassinations, armistice, and reparations

20. How did the arms race change as a result of technological breakthroughs prior to WWI?

  1. Countries stopped accumulating weaponry after industrial technology plateaued.

  2. Countries without arms industries formed alliances against countries with greater industrial power.

  3. Most countries opted out of the arms race when mustard gas became available.

  4. The arms race between European rivals intensified and became drawn out.

21. Use the list below to answer the following question.

Growth of nationalism

The military draft

Socialist labor movements

Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

The list shows events that led to

  1. The Triple Alliance.

  2. World War II.

  3. The Russian Revolution.

  4. World War I.

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