United States History and the Constitution Assessment Bank

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1. How did the results of the Spanish American War affect the expansion of the United States?

A. The war ended U.S. expansion because of the extraordinary costs

of the war.

B. The war allowed the United States to acquire the Texas territory.

C. The war led to increased U.S. expansion into South America.

D. The war gave the United States territories in the South Pacific.


2. The United States declaration of war on Spain in 1898 is an example of

A) the influence of the press on popular opinion.

B) the unanimous opinion of businessmen in favor of war.

C) the American people overwhelmingly opposing military action.

D) presidential action in the face of almost unanimous congressional opposition


· Guam
· Philippines
· Puerto Rico

All of these territories came under the control of the United States following what conflict?

A) Mexican War

B) World War I

C) World War II

D) Spanish American War
4. In addition to Puerto Rico, which territories were acquired by the United States as part of the peace treaty that ended the Spanish-American War?

A) Cuba and Guam

B) Cuba and the Philippines

C) the Philippines and Guam

D) the Philippines and Hawaii




Use the diagram to answer the question.

Which BEST completes the diagram?
A) Communism
B) Imperialism
C) Liberalism
D) Nationalism
6. Which of these BEST represents the "Big Stick" in Theodore Roosevelt's "Big Stick" diplomacy?
A) U.S. Army
B) U.S. Navy
C) Square Deal
D) Monroe Doctrine

7. "Yellow Journalism" during the late 19th century was marked by

A) a decrease in readership.
B) over-reliance on facts and evidence.
C) a decline of the popularity of radio.
D) sensational headlines and questionable facts.

8. A major reason why the United States oversaw the building of the Panama Canal was to

A) fulfill our treaty obligations to Spain.
B) increase the prosperity of Central America.
C) insure the re-election of President McKinley.
D) increase the mobility of the U.S. naval fleet.

9. Cpt. Alfred Thayer Mahan influenced the U.S. to

A) create an air-based attack force.
B) avoid becoming involved in world affairs.
C) build-up their Navy and become involved in world affairs.
D) enter into treaties with Europe to prevent international conflicts.
10. In 1903 the United States purchased the rights to the Panama Canal from _______ in order to complete its construction.
A) Colombia
B) France
C) Mexico
D) Spain
11. Which statement offers the best argument AGAINST Theodore Roosevelt's "Big Stick" diplomacy?
A) Roosevelt used America's military power in an unjust manner in his pursuit of our foreign policy goals.
B) Roosevelt's use of military threats angered Great Britain, France, and Germany and helped cause World War I.
C) Roosevelt was successful in bringing much of Latin America under direct American control, including Cuba and the Panama Canal.
D) "Big Stick" diplomacy had few strengths and its main effect was actually an increase in revolution and conflict in the Western Hemisphere.
12. Which of the following did not contribute to the United States’ decision to declare war on Spain?

A) yellow journalism

B) the Platt Amendment

C) explosion of the USS Maine

D) concentration camps in Cuba

13. How did the US Navy change between 1890 and the end of President Theodore Roosevelt’s time in office?

A) It became one of the mightiest navies in the world.

B) It declined because US leaders believed a strong army was more important.

C) It changed very little because isolationist politicians would not approve funds to build it up.

D) It came into being because prior to 1890, the US had no navy.

14. Factors Contributing to the Spanish-American War:

*Sympathy for the Cuban Revolution

*Need to protect U.S. investments in Cuba


Which of the following BEST completes the list?

  1. Sinking of the Maine

  2. Discovery of sugarcane on Cuba

  3. Yellow journalism

  4. Spain takes control of the Philippines


15. Use the passage below to answer the following question.

“Mr. President, the times call for candor. The Philippines are ours forever. And just beyond the Philippines are China’s unlimited markets. We will not retreat from either. We will not abandon an opportunity in [Asia]. We will not renounce our part bin the mission of our race, trustee, under God, of the civilization of the world.” ~Senator Albert Beveridge, 1900

The ideals presented in the above passage can BEST be defined as

  1. Realism.

  2. Imperialism.

  3. Laissez-faire.

  4. Emancipation.


1. What tactic did President Theodore Roosevelt use to get the Panama Canal built?

A. He supported a rebellion against the Colombian government.

B. He forced the Colombian government to sign the 1903 Hay-Herran treaty.

C. He leased the canal zone from an international company.

D. He seized Panama from Spain after the Spanish American War.


2. In 1900, the United States advocated the Open-Door Policy because

A) it wanted to acquire several different territories in China.

B) it worried that European powers would limit foreign trade with China.

C) it worried that European powers would limit religious freedom in China.

D) it wanted the Chinese to allow more American businesses in their country
3. Which of these BEST exhibits how Theodore Roosevelt strongly agreed with the ideas of Alfred T. Mahan?

A) the annexation of Hawaii

B) the invasion of the Philippines

C) the construction of the Panama Canal

D) the creation of this Square Deal policies

4. Why are Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson both considered to be ‘Progressive’ Presidents?

A) both were Democrats

B) neither advocated war

C) each vowed to continue the religious progress of the United States’ ‘Founding Fathers’

D) they both believed government could make laws that responded to and prevented social problems
5. Which term is used to describe the policy of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt towards Latin America in the 1930s?

A) Moral Diplomacy

B) Dollar Diplomacy

C) Appeasement Policy

D) Good Neighbor Policy


This image represents the reasons for the Open Door policy. Each person in this image represents

A) a country.
B) a politician.
C) an era in European history.
D) a region that makes up Asia.
7. Those who favored American imperial expansion in the late 19th and early 20th century believed it would
A) provide bases for the U.S. Navy.
B) act as a buffer zone from invasion.
C) lower taxes on middle-class Americans.
D) provide places for camps for American prisoners.

8. Which statement offers the BEST support for Theodore Roosevelt's "Big Stick" diplomacy?

A) Roosevelt earned the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906 for his leadership in Latin America.
B) Roosevelt's "Big Stick" diplomacy was very popular in the U.S., and he was elected to three terms in office.
C) Roosevelt was successful in bringing parts of Latin America under control of the United States, including Cuba and the Panama Canal.
D) "Big Stick" diplomacy had few strengths, and its main effect was actually an increase in revolution and conflict in the Western Hemisphere.


According to this map, at the time of the Open Door policy in China, a majority of the Yangtze River was under the sphere of influence of which country?

A) United States
B) Great Britain
C) Russia
D) France
10. How did John Hay, the US Secretary of State who proposed the Open Door policy, respond to the fact that no countries formally agreed to the Open Door policy?
A) He backed down and retracted the United States’ request for an Open Door policy.
B) He declared that the countries’ lack of response meant that they agreed to the policy.
C) He asked China to halt all trade in the Chinese Empire until an agreement was reached.
D) He amending the rules of the Open Door Policy multiple times until all countries were satisfied.

11. The MOST important result of the Spanish American War was that it

A) spread democracy to Latin America.
B) secured a safe source of raw materials for US industry.
C) set up a colonial empire for the U.S. and set the U.S. on the road to empire.
D) created the Monroe Doctrine and spread U.S. influence across the hemisphere.
12. In exchange for control of the Panama Canal Zone, the United States helped Panama declare its independence from
A) Colombia.
B) Mexico.
C) Spain.
D) Venezuela.



This cartoon is referring to the the American foreign policy of

A) investing money in Latin American countries.
B) isolating itself from international matters.
C) building a strong military in order to expand U.S. influence.
D) electing former military leaders as Presidents of the country.

14. Which of the following presidents based his foreign policy on the moral belief that it was the role of the US to promote democracy in the world rather than acquire new territories?

A) William McKinley

B) Woodrow Wilson

C) William Taft

D) Theodore Roosevelt

15. “It must be built! Now that the US is responsible for territories on both sides of the Americas, our ships must be able to travel quickly from ocean to ocean. By aiding the rebels against the Colombians, our nation betters its chances of acquiring the land needed for this necessary construction.”

The above quote is talking about which of the following?

A) the Panama Canal

B) the Open Door Policy

C) the Colombian Waterway

D) the transcontinental railroad

16. What was the “Open Door policy?”

A) US foreign policy stating that only the US would be allowed to trade with nations in Southeast Asia.

B) US immigration policy that allowed people to immigrate to the US freely

C) US foreign policy that insisted China be kept open to foreign markets rather than controlled by imperial powers

D) Japan’s policy of open trade with western nations
17. How did the Boxer Rebellion backfire against the Chinese government?

  1. China was forced to put down future rebellions.

  2. The Chinese signed a treaty with foreign powers that curtailed its defenses.

  3. The Boxers overtook the government.

  4. Foreign powers used the Boxers to infiltrate the Chinese government.


18. How did the Roosevelt Corollary affect the relationship between the United States and the rest of the Western Hemisphere?

  1. It allowed the United States to retain Cuba as a colony.

  2. It established America as the hemisphere’s policing power.

  3. It forced Colombia to recognize Panama.

  4. It allowed the United States to annex countries in Central and South America.

19. Which of the following most accurately describes the Open Door policy?

  1. America’s willingness to open its borders to immigrants

  2. America’s willingness to accept imports from foreign countries

  3. America’s willingness to export goods to foreign countries

  4. America’s support for all countries to trade with China

20. The United States assisted Panama in its quest for independence from Colombia because the United States

  1. Wanted to build a canal there.

  2. Refused to sign a treaty with Colombia.

  3. Favored smaller countries over larger ones.

  4. Opposed Colombia’s human rights violations.

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