United States History and the Constitution Assessment Bank

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1. Look at the photograph below and answer the question that follows.

Why would these women participate in such a demonstration?

A. They believed food producers often sought profit over consumer safety.

B. They wanted to promote vegetarianism as a more healthful lifestyle.

C. They wanted to draw attention to the problems of homemakers.

D. They believed food-packing workers were unfairly paid.

2. Many historians consider Theodore Roosevelt's greatest achievement to be

A) making banking reforms.

B) preserving the gold standard.

C) establishing a solid trade policy with China.

D) promoting the conservation of natural resources.

(by Joseph Keppler, 1899)

Which statement BEST summarizes the point of this political cartoon?

A) Politicians tend to ignore the needs of industry.

B) Big businesses carry too much power in government.

C) Regulation of commerce is against the people's will.

D) Precious metals are vital to the security of the country.


· born in Jamaica in 1887
· founder of the Pan-Africanist movement
· hoped to created a "Back to Africa" movement for blacks
· an inspiration for the Rastafarian Movement

These are all describing

A) Marcus Garvey.

B) W.E.B. Dubois.

C) Hubert Harrison.

D) Booker T. Washington.

1881- Jacob Riis publishes How the Other Half Lives, detailing tenement life.

1904- Ida Tarbell publishes articles criticizing Standard Oil Company.

____ - __________________________________________________________

1914- Edwin Markham publishes Children in Bondage, an exposé of child labor.

Which choice fits in the blank in this Progressive Era timeline?

  1. 1903 – Helen Hunt Jackson publishes A Century of Dishonor regarding treatment of Native Americans

  2. 1906 – Upton Sinclair published The Jungle, criticizing the working conditions in the U.S. meat processing industry.

  3. 1912 – Theodore Roosevelt publishes The Square Deal in which he addresses problems in the treatment of American unions.

  4. 1913—Ralph Nader published Unsafe at Any Speed, criticizing the safety standards of the growing U.S. automobile industry.

6. In obtaining passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act in 1906, President Theodore Roosevelt would likely have encountered more resistance than the passage of the Hepburn Act because

  1. the Hepburn Act strengthened existing government control of railroads.

  2. the Hepburn Act supported the railroad industry's desire to deregulate.

  3. the Pure Food and Drug Act weakened existing government control of the food industry.

  4. the Pure Food and Drug Act supported the food industry's desire for government oversight.


7. Theodore Roosevelt is often called a "Progressive" President. Which of these would BEST be an example of this label?

  1. his refusal to seek a third term as President

  2. he backed the construction of the Panama Canal

  3. he supported passage of the Food and Drug Act of 1906

  4. his willingness to send the American Navy around the world

8. Which Amendment to the U.S. Constitution changed the way that U.S. Senators were elected?

  1. 10th Amendment

  2. 13th Amendment

  3. 15th Amendment

  4. 17th Amendment

9. In 1902, President Roosevelt became involved in and supported the workers in a strike in what industry?

  1. coal mining

  2. gold mining

  3. oil drilling

  4. automobile manufacturing

· Women's suffrage
· tighter Child Labor laws
· land conservation programs
· "Trustbusting" of corporations

All of these are describing issues that were successfully addressed during which era?

  1. Jacksonian Era

  2. Progressive Era

  3. Era of Prohibition

  4. Era of Good Feelings

11. Which early 20th century reformer opened Hull House as a settlement house to help the poor and immigrants?

A) Jacob Riis

B) Upton Sinclair

C) Susan B. Anthony

D) Jane Addams


12. Someone who fought for women’s suffrage would have been most supportive of which of the following?

A) poll taxes

B) laissez-faire capitalism

C) the Fifteenth Amendment

D) the Nineteenth Amendment

13. Alice Paul wrote, “There will never be a new world order until women are a part of it.”

Which practice best reflects the concern expressed in this quotation?

A) Industrialization

B) Socialism

C) Women’s suffrage

D) Anarchism


14. How did muckrakers impact the Progressive movement?

A) They wrote books and articles that challenged big businesses.

B) They agitated for women’s suffrage.

C) They campaigned for Theodore Roosevelt’s re-election.

D) They pushed the Eighteenth Amendment through Congress.

15. How did child labor change as a result of progressive efforts?

A) Progressive legislation enabled younger children to support their families.

B) Laws were passed to allow children to work and go to school part-time.

C) Thirty states outlawed child labor by 1907.

D) Children received better pay and benefits.
16. What did Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and Carrie Chapman Catt all have in common?

A) They opened settlement houses in New York and Chicago.

B) They worked for women’s suffrage beginning in the mid-1800’s

C) They wrote books addressing the Standard Oil Trust and meat packing industry.

D) They implemented Robert La Follette’s Wisconsin idea in the Oregon System.
17. Because powerful political leaders were controlling the election of senators, what change did the Seventeenth Amendment make?

  1. Party leaders were no longer allowed to vote.

  2. Political parties were disbanded.

  3. Senators were elected directly by the people.

  4. Senators were elected by the state legislatures.

18. She opened the Hull House in Chicago in 1889 to help provide poor residents, mostly immigrants, with medical care, recreation programs, and English classes.

  1. Margaret Fuller

  2. Jane Addams

  3. Catherine Beecher

  4. Margaret Sanger

19. Use the following passage to answer the following question.

“There would come all the way back from Europe old sausage that had been rejected, and that was moldy and white—it would be dosed with borax and glycerine, and dumped into the hoppers, and made over again for home consumption….There would be meat stored in great piles in rooms; and the water from leaky roofs would drip over it, and thousands of rats would race about upon it.”

~Upton Sinclair, The Jungle

Which of the following was a DIRECT result of the publication of Sinclair’s book?

  1. Meat Inspection Act

  2. Formation of the Agriculture Department

  3. Formation of the Bureau of Corporations

  4. Occupational Safety and Health Administration regulations

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