United States History and the Constitution Assessment Bank

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1. Following Reconstruction, Democrats returned to power in the former Confederate states and renewed the social and political oppression of southern African Americans.

What was one result of this situation?

A. African Americans became farm workers in the North.

B. Thousands of African American families migrated to the Midwest.

C. The Colonization movement settled African Americans in Liberia.

D. Southern African Americans refused to serve in the U.S. military.

2. Why did immigrants support political machines?

A. to have more educational opportunities

B. to reform city governments

C. to get better public housing

D. to gain employment
3. During the late 19th century, urban political “machines” and those that ran them

A) were only members of the Democratic Party

B) were nearly always first generations Americans

C) promised business contracts, government jobs, and money for the poor immigrants in exchange for votes

D) uniformly supported labor rights and the rights of newly immigrated workers over management's concerns.
4. In 1882, Congress passed an “exclusion act” which prevented the immigration of workers form what country for 10 years?

A) China

B) Ireland

C) Japan

D) Mexico
5. Immigration to the United States during the 19th Century, due to construction of the transcontinental railroad, PRIMARILY involved workers from

A) Australia.

B) China.

C) India.

D) Italy.
6. Who was the leader of the infamous Tammany Hall political machine in New York City who was accused and convicted of stealing millions of dollars from the New York state treasury?

A) William Tweed

B) George Briggs

C) Thomas Whitney

D) Chester Arthur

7. http://www.usatestprep.com/modules/gallery/files/68/6876/6876.jpg

Which area on the map had the greatest urban population at the start of the Twentieth Century?




8. Thousands of African Americans left the south in the early-1900s to escape discrimination, racial segregation, and Jim Crow laws in a movement that later became known as

  1. The White Flight.

  2. The Final Solution.

  3. The Great Migration

  4. The Urban Revolution

9. Upon arrival to the United States in the early 1900s, where were Chinese immigrants usually processed?

  1. Charleston

  2. Los Angeles

  3. Ellis Island in New York Harbor

  4. Angel Island in San Francisco Bay

10. The U.S. Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act to prevent immigrants from that country entering the U.S. during the

  1. Mid 1900s

  2. Mid 1700s

  3. Early 1800s

  4. Late 1800s


11. Where did most political machines arise and receive the most support at the turn of the century?

  1. Areas with large immigrant populations.

  2. Areas with small immigrant populations

  3. Areas where land is available to sell

  4. Areas where Jim Crow laws were strictly enforced.

12. Which of the following did not evolve as a result of immigration?

A) nativism

B) cultural pluralism

C) the “Great Migration”

D) urban ghettos

13. What did the Chinese Exclusion Act and the Johnson-Reed Act have in common?

A) Both limited only Asian immigration into the United States.

B) They restricted African American migration into Northern cities.

C) They limited immigration, especially from Asian and Eastern European countries.

D) They prohibited farmers from getting industrial jobs.
14. Use the chart below to answer the following question.

New Social Classes of the Industrial Revolution

Industrial Middle Class

Included professionals and laborers

Characterized by vision, ambition, and greed

Industrial Working Class

Included men, women, and children


Which of the following answer choices BEST completes the chart?

  1. Fought for social change

  2. Lived in the suburbs

  3. Faced wretched working conditions

  4. Enjoyed excellent living conditions and good pay


15. Use the list below to answer the following question.


poor sanitation




The conditions in the above list are all consequences of

  1. Horizontal integration.

  2. Rapid urbanization.

  3. Western migration.

  4. Unionization.

16. Most immigrants who poured into American cities in the late nineteenth century lived in dark, crowded multifamily apartments called

  1. Row houses.

  2. Barracks.

  3. Ghettos.

  4. Tenements.

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