United States History and the Constitution Assessment Bank

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1. In the fall of 1862, what was one immediate effect of President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation?

A) It ended the Civil War.

B) It created confusion in the South.

C) It abolished slavery in all states of the Union.

D) It led European countries to ally with the South.
2. Jefferson Davis played what role in the Civil War?

A) Union general

B) Confederate general

C) President of the Confederate States

D) Cabinet member of the U.S. government
3. Which American event played the GREATEST role in establishing the supremacy of the federal government over the

A) the Civil War

B) Shay's Rebellion

C) the repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment

D) passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1965

4. Abraham Lincoln's biggest objective in the Civil War was to

A) end slavery.

B) save the Union.

C) destroy the South.

D) win the Election of 1864
5. Ulysses S. Grant’s early success came in the western theater of war, particularly in the successful 1863 siege of

A) Atlanta.

B) Mobile.

C) Richmond.

D) Vicksburg.
6. Which of these statements BEST describes the result of the First Battle of Bull run in July 1861?
A) The Confederates soon invaded the North with disastrous results.
B) The Union realized that the war would not end quickly and easily.
C) The Union was inspired by the outcome and quit recruiting soldiers.
D) The Confederates began considering drafting slaves into the military.
7. The Confederate army received a terrible and perhaps mortal blow to its leadership with the accidental death of what general in 1863?
A) Robert E. Lee
B) J.E.B. Stuart
C) George Pickett
D) Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson
8. The Union blockade during the Civil War
A) caused inflation and shortages in the South, especially for manufactured goods.
B) really had no effect on the South, since they were already agriculturally self-sufficient.
C) hurt the North most since they relied heavily on Southern cotton and agriculture for its own manufacturing base.
D) could have greatly hurt the South, but did not, because the huge coastline was almost impossible to effectively blockade.

9. Beyond abolishing slavery in the United States, the Civil War was a pivotal event in American history because it

A) was a direct cause of the Spanish-American war in 1898.
B) established a military alliance between America and Great Britain.
C) established the supremacy of the national government over state governments.
D) allowed the United States to spread its borders westward to the Mississippi River.
10. Ulysses S. Grant’s early success came in the western theater of war, particularly in the successful 1863 siege of
A) Atlanta.
B) Mobile.
C) Richmond.
D) Vicksburg.
11. Which Civil War battle gave the Union Army complete control over Confederate rail lines in the "Deep South" and set the stage for Sherman's "March to the Sea"?
A) Andersonville
B) Atlanta
C) Chattanooga
D) Chickamauga

"But in a larger sense, we can not dedicate -- we can not consecrate -- we can not hallow -- this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember, what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us -- that from these honored dead we may take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion -- that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain -- that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom -- and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."
Abraham Lincoln
Gettysburg Address
November 19, 1863

What is the unfinished work of which Lincoln speaks?
A) honoring the dead
B) dedicating this battlefield
C) ending the practice of slavery
D) fighting for the continuation of the nation

"Our people are tired of the war, feel themselves whipped, and will not fight. Our country is overrun, its military resources greatly diminished, while the enemy's military power and resources were never greater and may be increased to any extent desired. ... My small force is melting away like snow before the sun."

--Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston, April, 1865

This quote from Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston was in reaction to
A) the Battle of Fort Sumter.
B) the Battle of First Bull Run.
C) General Ulysses S. Grant's siege at Vicksburg
D) General William Sherman's march through South Carolina
14. Which statement offers the BEST explanation for why General Sherman was more destructive on his march through South Carolina than he was in North Carolina?
A) The Union was seeking revenge for the Battle of Fort Sumter.
B) General Sherman failed to supervise his troops adequately while in South Carolina.
C) South Carolina was viewed as a prime target because they were the first state to secede from the Union.
D) General Sherman was seeking revenge for Union soldiers killed in South Carolina's prisoner of war camps.
15. Which event played the greatest role in establishing the supremacy of the national government over the states?
A) the American Revolution
B) Manifest Destiny
C) the Civil War
D) the New Deal

16. In the end, which of the following factors contributed to the South’s defeat in the Civil War?

A) Although the South had a larger population, its leaders lacked the organization to effectively build an army.

B) The South could not overcome the superior military leadership possessed by the North.

C) The North had too many resources and too much manpower for the South to sustain its fight.

D) Many stopped fighting for the South after they heard that Lincoln had been killed.


17. Which of the following statements is true regarding African-Americans during the Civil War?

A) The Emancipation Proclamation freed all slaves prior to the end of the war.

B) Black units fought and served admirably in the Union army.

C) While African-Americans served admirably in segregated army units, they could not join the Union navy.

D) Following the Emancipation Proclamation, many African-Americans withdrew from the Union army to head west.

18. Which of the following is in the correct chronological order regarding events of the Civil War?

A) the South secedes, Lincoln is elected, the Gettysburg Address, Lee’s surrender

B) the South fires on Fort Sumter, South Carolina secedes, Lincoln is elected, the Emancipation Proclamation

C) Gettysburg, Antietam, Stonewall Jackson’s death, Lee’s surrender

D) Lincoln is elected, the South secedes, Gettysburg, Lee’s surrender, Lincoln is assassinated
19. How did the war affect the Southern economy?

A) It rebounded during the war years through manufacturing.

B) It destroyed tis infrastructure, farm fields, and resulted in a shortage of goods.

C) It remained steady as people went to work making clothes for the army.

D )It increased the need for farm items resulting in higher profits for farmers.

20. Why was the Emancipation Proclamation limited in its scope?

A) It only applied to slaves living under the Confederacy.

B) It freed enslaved African Americans only for the course of the war.

C) It freed the slaves, but prohibited them from serving in the military.

D) It fostered negotiations between the North and South, bringing the war to an end.

21. What was the primary result of the Civil War?

A) The federal government was weakened.

B) Slavery was allowed to extend to the West.

C) The Union was preserved.

D) The Confederacy remained a separate nation.
22. Where were the first shots of the Civil War fired?

A) Fort Sumter

B) Vicksburg

C) Gettysburg

D) Antietam

23. Who was responsible for the March to the Sea that destroyed much of Georgia and South Carolina in 1864?

  1. General Robert E. Lee

  2. General Ulysses S. Grant

  3. General George Meade

  4. General William Tecumseh Sherman

24. The Emancipation Proclamation

  1. Ended slavery in the United States.

  2. Ended the Civil War.

  3. Freed all enslaved persons in states under Confederate control.

  4. Gave American women the right to vote.

25. Which states did not secede until AFTER the attack on Fort Sumter?

  1. Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee

  2. North Carolina and South Carolina

  3. Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia

  4. Virginia, West Virginia, and Ohio

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