United nations educational, scientific and cultural organization convention concerning the protection of the world


The Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah



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The Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshahs Palace and Maiden Tower (Azerbaijan)

1. The Secretariat informed the Committee that the National Commission by letter of 6 June 2002, requested that the state of conservation not be discussed at the twenty-sixth session of the Committee and that consultations are taking place. A mission to the site was welcomed. The Secretariat read a revised draft decision.


2. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus on the revised draft decision and declared it adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)36).

Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara at Pahapur (Bangladesh)
1. The Secretariat informed the Committee that:
(i) it was the first time that the Committee would examine the state of conservation of this property since its inscription on the World Heritage List in 1985;
(ii) at the time of the nomination, there were an estimated 2,000 terracotta plaques which adorned the massive brick structure's circumambulatory paths;
(iii) the property has always been threatened by vandalism, theft, natural degradation of the terracotta plaques, and collapse of the Vihara structure through deterioration of the bricks and vegetation;
(iv) a reactive monitoring mission was organized by the Centre following reports from international experts on the serious condition of the property. The findings and recommendations of the April 2002 UNESCO reactive monitoring mission undertaken by a UNESCO international expert who is also a high level ICOMOS expert are presented in the working document;
(v) The Government of Bangladesh transmitted to the Centre on 20 June 2002 a detailed report in response to the recommendations of the UNESCO reactive monitoring mission, stressing that the Department of Archaeology is exerting all its efforts to maintain the site properly with the limited resources available and that should UNESCO provide further support, maintenance of the property could be enhanced;
(vi) The authorities would welcome a follow-up UNESCO mission in July 2002 to examine ways and means of enhancing conservation and management of the property, including the establishment of inventories of the terracotta plaques.
The Secretariat then presented a draft decision for consideration by the Committee.
2. The Rapporteur noted that coherence on decisions was needed and asked that the Committee clarify whether reports on the state of conservation would be submitted to the Bureau or to the Committee.
3. The Delegate of Egypt underscored that the site urgently needed appropriate protective measures to ensure adequate security of the monumental Vihara and its heritage assets. In order to retain the authenticity of the property, he suggested to add to the proposed draft decision that the original terracotta plaques be re-installed in their original placements within the lower levels of the Vihara walls.
4. The Delegate of India expressed her Government's grave concern and regret that the Committee, UNESCO, and the Advisory Bodies had not examined the state of conservation of the property until after irreversible actions had taken place, threatening the integrity and authenticity of the site. She recommended that the State Party be encouraged to seek international assistance to enhance the protection and conservation of the property through the elaboration of an action plan of corrective measures.
5. The Delegate of Zimbabwe, noting with deep concern that the World Heritage values for which the property was inscribed on the World Heritage List had been damaged, expressed his Government's disappointment that whilst the authorities responsible for the property acted with the best of intentions, the integrity and authenticity of the property was damaged. Underlining that such loss could lead to the deletion of the property from the World Heritage List, he underscored not only the need for training but also the necessity to increase awareness of the authorities concerned on the international conservation standards that should be applied in protecting and conserving the site. The Delegate stressed the need to clarify the distribution of responsibilities within the Sector for Culture of UNESCO in implementing activities in favour of World Heritage properties.
6. The Delegate of Nigeria, recalling that this property was one of the exceptional archaeological remains testifying to the rich cultural heritage of the sub-region of South Asia, recommended that consultations be undertaken between the State Party and UNESCO to determine whether or not the original terracotta plaques could be returned to their original locations on the Vihara walls.
7. The Delegate of the United Kingdom expressed his Government's dismay to learn that the best of intentions to protect the property resulted in damage to the World Heritage values of the property. He stressed the importance of providing adequate technical and financial assistance to the authorities to ensure that appropriate conservation and management planning mechanisms can be elaborated and implemented. Moreover, the Delegate of the United Kingdom underscored the necessity to encourage the authorities to enhance local community awareness on the World Heritage values of the property.
8. The representative of ICOMOS reiterated the need to build the technical capacity of the national and local authorities in increasing protection of the property. He underlined that the fundamental challenge faced by the authorities derives from the lack of financial resources. The representative of ICOMOS recommended that the State Party be consulted on whether or not the authorities wished to nominate the property for inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
9. With reference to the question asked by the Rapporteur, the Chairperson suggested that all state of conservation reports should be submitted to the ordinary session of the Committee.
10. The Delegate of India asked to proceed with caution. She proposed offering international assistance before suggesting an inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
11. The Delegate of Thailand recommended that the State Party be encouraged to submit a technical assistance request to address the conservation and management needs of the site. He also recommended to suggest to the State Party to consider the nomination of the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
12. The Chairperson reformulated the draft decision including the amendments suggested by the Delegates of Thailand and India. Noting the Committee's consensus, he declared the draft decision adopted as amended (decision 26 COM 21(b)37).
Historic Centre of the City of Goiás (Brazil)
1. The Secretariat provided the following new information:
(i) almost immediately following its inscription on the World Heritage List, Goiás was struck by one of its most devastating floods on 31 December 2001;
(ii) A few days after the flood, the Director-General of UNESCO visited the site;
(iii) During the twenty-sixth session of the Bureau, an emergency request for an amount of US$ 57,288 was approved by the Chairperson to facilitate exemplary restoration work on approximately a dozen historic monuments in the vicinity of Cora Coraline's House, the Lapa Bridge and the Anhanguera Cross.
The Secretariat read the draft decision for the consideration of the Committee.
2. The Observer of Brazil thanked the Centre for its co-operation and the support given by the Director-General. 
3. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus on the draft decision and declared it adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)38).

Historic District of Québec (Canada)
1. The Secretariat informed the Committee that all measures taken by the authorities were in accordance with the recommendations made by the ICOMOS mission.
2. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus on the draft decision and declared it adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)39).

Churches of Chiloé (Chile)
1. The Secretariat recalled the damage caused to the Churches of Chiloé on 14 March 2002 and informed the Committee that an emergency assistance request for US$ 50,000 from the World Heritage Fund was in abeyance due to lack of available funds.
2. The Observer of Chile thanked the Centre for its co-operation. He indicated that detailed studies had been carried out with regard to the damage caused, that local and national funds had been identified and that work should begin in June 2002, to be completed in February 2003.
3. The Observer of Argentina, supported by the Delegate of Colombia, requested that the international assistance request be granted as quickly as possible.
4. The Secretariat read a new draft decision for consideration by the Committee.
5. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus and declared the new draft decision adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)40).
Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor (China)
1. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus and declared the draft decision adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)41).

Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa (China)
1. The Secretariat informed the Committee that numerous independent reports concerning continued incidents of demolition of the traditional historic buildings within the protective buffer zone of the Barkhor Historic Area had been received by the Centre since the preparation of the working document. 125 letters were sent to the Director-General of UNESCO expressing concern over the demolition of traditional buildings within the World Heritage protected area. The Secretariat then presented a draft decision to the Committee.
2. The representative of the site management authority of the property, the First Vice Mayor of Lhasa, informed the Committee that the newly constructed 13-storey concrete building within the Public Security Bureau Compound had been approved in 1995, before the World Heritage protected area was extended to include the Jokhang Temple and Nobulingka. This structure is located outside both the core and the buffer zone. He stated that the renovation project of Barkhor, elaborated after careful scientific survey, included:
(i) the restoration of highly important traditional architectural examples using traditional building techniques and material;
(ii) the rehabilitation of ordinary residential Tibetan houses where the external facades will be retained while their interiors will be upgraded to meet the needs of the contemporary lifestyles of the Lhasa citizens;
(iii) the demolition of modern buildings dating from the 1970s which are not harmonious with the surrounding traditional urban fabric and setting and subsequent new construction of Tibetan style houses which are sympathetic to the historic setting of Lhasa;
(iv) the improvement of fire-prevention for the Jokhang Temple through establishment of a two-metre wide fire-fighting passage surrounding the Temple.
3. The Delegate of Thailand asked whether the 13 storey construction was completed or still under construction and if it was still being constructed whether it could now be stopped. He also asked about the potential visual impact of constructions in the buffer zone.
4. The Vice Mayor of Lhasa responded that the construction was completed. He further informed the Committee that his Municipal Government welcomed the proposal for a UNESCO - ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring Mission to examine the state of conservation of the property and the conservation challenges being addressed by the site-management authorities.
5. The Delegate of Thailand asked the representative of ICOMOS whether at the time of evaluating the extension of the site there were plans for construction at the site.
6. The representative of ICOMOS said that he did not exactly recall whether the construction had been drawn to the attention of ICOMOS at the time of the evaluation.
7. The Delegate of the United Kingdom asked for clarification on the wording of the draft decision. She suggested that the wording include a request that a joint ICOMOS/UNESCO mission would be sent to the site and a report be submitted to the next ordinary session of the Committee.
8. The Delegate of Saint Lucia asked whether an approved building code existed at the site.
9. The Vice Mayor of Lhasa clarified that there were regulations on the control of building height within the protective buffer zone of the site. The 13-storey new building is however located outside the buffer zone. In this context, he was of the view that there should be some modern buildings in the city of Lhasa, which, as in many other parts of the world, is in the process of development. It is impossible for the Tibetan society to function in the traditional historical buildings forever.
10. The Chairperson suggested amending the draft decision as proposed by the Delegate of the United Kingdom while encouraging the State Party to continue the efforts for the conservation of this property. Noting the Committee's consensus, he declared the amended draft decision adopted.
11. During the adoption of the report (item 29) the Delegate of China said that the decision prepared by the Secretariat did not take into account the new information presented by the Vice Mayor of the City of Lhasa. He said that the Committee had not had time to discuss the new draft decision proposed by the Secretariat. He therefore asked that paragraphs 2 and 3 of the decision, related to the presumed destruction of the traditional buildings and the 13-storey new building, be deleted until the mission submitted its report.
12. The Rapporteur questioned whether this request would constitute a change to the decision taken by the Committee and asked the Secretariat to clarify the content of the text of the decision that had been presented to the Committee at the time of discussion under agenda item 21.
13. The Secretariat informed the Committee that paragraphs 1, 3 and 4 were identical to those that had been projected on the screen, and that, following the discussions, the Committee decided to add the final paragraph related to the joint UNESCO-ICOMOS mission.
14. The Delegate of China agreed that the clarification from the Secretariat was accurate. However, he said that the draft decision had been presented to the Committee before the Vice Mayor of Lhasa had provided new information. He said that the draft decision had been prepared on the basis of information received from sources other than the State Party. Furthermore he asked that a judgement on the state of conservation of the site not be made until a mission went to the site. He said that the retention of paragraphs 2 and 3 would be counter-productive for the authorities concerned, and would cause difficulties for the organization of the ICOMOS-UNESCO mission to the site.
15. The Delegate of Oman agreed with the Delegate of China and asked that paragraphs 2 and 3 be removed.
16. The Rapporteur asked the Chairperson to clarify the decision of the Committee.
17. The Chairperson referred to the time pressure under which the Committee had taken some of its decisions and noted the concerns of the Delegate of China.
18. The Delegate of Saint Lucia acknowledged that a draft decision had been projected on the screen before the State Party had provided new information. She asked whether the Committee had decided to change the draft decision following the presentation of new information.
19. The Delegate of India noted that in many cases the Committee had not reviewed texts of draft decisions following consideration by the Committee. She suggested that the language of paragraphs 2 and 3 be modified to alleviate the concerns of the Delegate of China.
20. The Delegate of China agreed and thanked the Delegate of India for her suggestion. However, he stated that any draft decision which is revised by the Secretariat must be reexamined by the Committee after redrafting.
21. The Chairperson agreed that it was very important for the Committee to see revised decisions before adoption and asked that the discussion on this matter be included in the Summary Record.
22. The Delegate of China agreed with this proposal and again asked for a revised decision.
23. Noting the Committee's consensus the Chairperson declared the decision adopted with amendments to paragraphs 2 and 3 (decision 26 COM 21(b)42).
Colonial City of Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic)
1. The Secretariat provided the World Heritage Committee with additional information received on 23 June 2002, confirming the halt to hotel construction and an improved use of the Nicolás de Ovando Houses.
2. The Observer of the Dominican Republic confirmed that the building work had been halted. He informed the Committee of the draft law for the protection and safeguarding of monumental heritage that has been finalized and will shortly be examined by the Congress. This project, which is supported by the President of the Republic, demonstrates the commitment of the national authorities to protect the site and all the country's heritage properties.
3. The Secretariat read a proposed draft decision for consideration by the Committee.
4. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus on the draft decision and declared it adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)43).
Islamic Cairo (Egypt)
1. The Secretariat informed the Committee of the recommendations resulting from the International Symposium organized in Cairo in February 2002, and of a project, proposed by the Governorate of Cairo, to execute a new road through the southern sector of Fatimid Cairo, which would presumably have a negative impact on the original urban texture of the city, as well as on a number of important monuments located in the area.
2. The Delegate of Egypt, recognizing that this proposal had raised some concern in Egypt, informed the Committee that the Ministry of Culture is currently negotiating with other concerned institutions in order to find an appropriate solution to the matter.
3. The Secretariat explained that verifications were still under way with the responsible Egyptian authorities and that more details on this issue would be provided to the Committee at its next session.
4. The Delegate of Belgium, referring to discussions held during the 23rd session in Marrakesh, stressed the importance of including in the decision a reference to the involvement of the local population in the conservation policy for Islamic Cairo.
5. The Delegate of the United Kingdom inquired on the current planning system for the site, and emphasized the need for some coordination framework among all concerned institutions.
6. The Delegate of Egypt informed the Committee of the existence, since 1999, of an inter-ministerial Committee for Islamic Cairo with coordinating functions.
7. The representative of ICOMOS, while recognizing the problems affecting the site, underlined the progress accomplished by the Ministry of Culture in the treatment of historic buildings and the enthusiasm of the young professionals working within the Historic Cairo Programme.
8. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus and declared the draft decision adopted with the amendment suggested by the Delegate of Belgium (decision 26 COM 21(b)44).

Memphis and its Necropolis – The Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dashur (Egypt)
1. The Secretariat informed the Committee of a proposed tunnel under the Plateau of the Pyramids, which was recently proposed by the Ministry of Housing allegedly to complete the Ring Road surrounding the city of Cairo, and explained that this information is currently being verified with the Egyptian authorities. The Secretariat presented a draft decision to the Committee.
2. The Delegate of Egypt recalled that the proposal to execute a tunnel, or a highway, across the Plateau had already been put forward and officially rejected by the national authorities on several occasions over recent years, with the support of UNESCO. He stressed the firm commitment of the responsible authorities to protect the integrity of the site and reassured the Committee that this proposal, as for all the previous, would never be implemented.
3. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus and declared the draft decision adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)45).

City-Museum Reserve of Mtskheta (Georgia)
1. The Secretariat informed the Committee that a meeting on 4 June 2002 with the Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs took place at UNESCO headquarters who welcomed a mission to the site.
2. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus on the draft decision and declared it adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)46).

Classical Weimar (Germany)
1. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus and declared the draft decision adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)47).

Hanseatic City of Lübeck (Germany)
1. The Secretariat informed the Committee that the authorities had indicated that the building has not been demolished and that the construction project has been delayed.
2. The Observer of Germany confirmed that a working group had been set up and a meeting had taken place in Lübeck from 1 to 2 February 2002 comprising a representative of the Scientific Committee on Historic Towns and Villages of ICOMOS and local and national authorities, as well as local associations. Recommendations were formulated for the use of different materials and the redesign of the roof. She confirmed that the project had been delayed and that the authorities will keep the Committee informed on the situation.
3. The Secretariat read a revised draft decision.
4. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus on the revised draft decision and declared it adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)48).
Acropolis, Athens (Greece)
1. The Secretariat informed the Committee that on 24 May 2002 the Permanent Delegation of Greece sent a letter to the World Heritage Centre notifying that the building licence for the construction project of a 32-metre high building in the vicinity of the site, had been granted in conformity with the relevant legislation.
2. The representative of ICOMOS underlined that the buffer zone is inadequate according to actual standards and that a redefinition of the buffer zone should be recommended.
3. The Delegate of Greece pointed out that the building is located outside of the historic centre of Athens and outside of the buffer zone. The license had been granted following the completion of the archaeological excavations.
4. The Delegate of the United Kingdom supported the ICOMOS intervention and stated that buffer zones are important for the protection of the visual integrity. Furthermore, he highlighted that a periodic review should be undertaken of sites and their settings.
5. The Delegate of Thailand suggested that the draft decision include the recommendation of ICOMOS that the buffer zone be broadened.
6. The Delegate of Lebanon suggested that the State Party should undertake a visual impact study.
7. The Secretariat read the draft decision for the consideration of the Committee.
8. The Chairperson proposed that the decision include a specific request for a visual impact study.
9. The Delegate of Saint Lucia supported this proposal.
10. The Delegate of the United Kingdom also recommended that at a general level in the context of the periodic review of sites, that the issue of visual impact be considered.
11. The Delegate of Greece pointed out that a visual impact study would not be realistic given the size of Athens, the number of construction projects and the location of the Acropolis on a hill. She said that it was not possible to extensively extend the site's buffer zone.
12. The Delegate of the United Kingdom emphasized the need to match the size of the buffer zone to the particular needs of each site.
13. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus on the draft decision as amended and declared it adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)49).
14. During the adoption of the report (item 29) it was agreed that the decision should specify that the Committee noted new information concerning the construction project located "outside of the site, outside the buffer zone and outside of the historic centre of Athens."

Ajanta Caves (India)

Ellora Caves (India)
1. The Delegate of India informed the Committee that:
(i) Appropriate actions are being undertaken following the recommendations of the December 2001 UNESCO international mural painting expert mission to the Ajanta and Ellora Caves properties.
(ii) A meeting of international and national mural painting experts, including those from ICCROM, is being organized to take place in September 2002. During this expert meeting, issues relative to the conservation of the fragile mural paintings within the Ajanta and Ellora Caves and the elaboration of a conservation action plan will be discussed.
(iii) A panel of experts of relevant specialized fields has been constituted to ensure that the properties' site-managers and technical staff are provided with timely and sound advice for conservation interventions to the fragile wall paintings within the caves.
(iv) The Archaeological Survey of India has commenced systematic recording and analysis of the micro-climate and other environmental factors affecting the Ajanta and Ellora Caves.
(v) Environmental assessment studies, including geophysical and geological surveys within and surrounding the caves, have been carried out to identify the characteristics of the vulnerable slopes and water seepage.
(vi) Tourism development is taking place upon careful consideration of the impact visitor activities and tourism industries have upon the properties, under a Department of Tourism programme supported by the Japan Bank for International Co-operation.
2. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus on the draft decision and declared it adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)50).
3. During the adoption of the report (item 29) it was agreed that the decision should refer to "the additional information provided by the State Party at this session".

Sun Temple, Konarak (India)
1. The Delegate of India informed the Committee that:
(i) The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has elaborated a four-year conservation action plan (2002-2006) which addresses the technical restoration challenges facing the property.
(ii) For ensuring the conservation, management, presentation and development of the property and its environs in an integrated manner, a management plan has been drafted and is expected to be approved by the State Government of Orissa shortly.
(iii) 26.25 acres (11.53 ha) of land surrounding the World Heritage property had been allocated to provide basic tourism amenities and to enhance the protection and presentation of the site.
(iv) Strict regulations were in place to implement all conservation and development activities, co-ordinated within the framework of the Management Plan by the Secretary of Tourism and Culture of the State Government of Orissa.
The Delegate of India also expressed her Government's intention to submit an international assistance request, following the recommendation of the Bureau.
2. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus on the draft decision and declared it adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)51).
3. During the adoption of the report (item 29) it was agreed that the decision should refer to "the additional information provided by the State Party at this session".

Sangiran Early Man Site (Indonesia)
1. The Delegate of Thailand asked why the Secretariat had not presented a state of conservation report on the site of Taxila (Pakistan).
2. The Secretariat informed the Committee that no new information had been received but expressed the hope that a report would be submitted in the context of the Periodic Report for Asia and the Pacific in 2003.
3. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus on the draft decision related to the Sangiran Early Man site and declared it adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)52).

Meidan Emam, Esfahan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
1. The Secretariat informed the Committee that consultations between the central and municipal governments were continuing with regard to the negative impact caused by the high-rise commercial complex being constructed within the "Conservation Protective Zone of Esfahan Historic City". The Secretariat then presented a draft decision for consideration by the Committee.
2. The Delegate of South Africa, supported by the Delegate of Saint Lucia, requested that, in order to facilitate the Committee's work, all draft decisions be presented by the Secretariat to the Committee in writing
3. In this regard, the Chairperson formulated a draft decision which was adopted by the Committee (decision 26 COM 21.2).
4. The Observer of Iran, expressing his Government's appreciation for the Committee's concern for the conservation and management of the Meidan Emam, Esfahan World Heritage property, drew the attention of the Committee to the efforts being made by the Iranian Cultural Heritage Organization to integrate conservation in the management of this historic city. He assured the Committee that his Government would continue its full co-operation with UNESCO and ICOMOS to enhance the state of conservation of this property.
5. The Chairperson proposed to adopt a revised version of the draft decision in order to include a specific reference to the mission scheduled in July 2002. Noting the Committee's consensus, he declared the draft decision adopted as amended (decision 26 COM 21(b)53).

Town of Luang Prabang (Lao People’s Democratic Republic)
1. The Observer of France invited the Committee to support the process as this would be extremely helpful. With regard to the co-operation project under the France-UNESCO agreement, developed also with the town of Chinon , she noted that it could be considered as a pilot project addressing heritage and development issues. She emphasised that international organisations and co-operation projects should fully integrate the recommendations made by the World Heritage Committee for the World Heritage properties.
2. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus on the draft decision and declared it adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b) 54).

Byblos (Lebanon)
1. The Delegate of Lebanon clarified that the technical documents produced in preparation of the World Bank Project should be provided by the World Bank for the consideration of the World Heritage Committee before their final adoption. On the issue of the proposed under-water jetty to protect the port, he informed the Committee of a request, submitted by the Director-General of the General Directorate for Antiquities (DGA) to the Centre, to obtain the advice of an expert on its feasibility and potential impact on the site. On the subject of capacity building, the Delegate of Lebanon recalled that this issue is addressed within the scope of the World Bank initiative, and that an Institutional Assessment was underway to determine the appropriate ways and means to strengthen the DGA.
2. The Delegate of the United Kingdom suggested that the Secretariat might adopt a more proactive approach vis-à-vis the World Bank when the latter is involved in projects impacting on World Heritage sites, with a view to establish a clear framework for the procedures, co-operation (including for exchange of information and consultation) and conditions and requirements defined by the Committee for World Heritage properties.
3. The Delegate of India agreed with the proposal to reinforce co-operation with the World Bank but added that State Parties concerned should be fully involved.
4. The Delegate of Lebanon confirmed the enthusiasm of his country for co-operation with UNESCO and the World Bank on this property.
5. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus and declared the draft decision adopted with the proposed amendments from the Delegates of Lebanon and the United Kingdom (decision 26 COM 21(b)55).
6. The Chairperson then proposed that, as a general decision, the Committee should invite the Director-General to seek further coordination, and possibly the establishment of a permanent mechanism of consultation, with the World Bank on projects related to World Heritage properties. Noting the consensus, he declared this general decision adopted (decision 26 COM 21.1).

Tyre (Lebanon)
1. The Secretariat informed the Committee that:
(i) the World Bank had confirmed that they would include the preparation of a comprehensive archaeological map as part of the World Bank Project at the site;
(ii) a new Urban Plan had been received and,
(iii) the State Party was reconsidering a new location for the new highway project.
2. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus and declared the draft decision adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)56).

Curonian Spit (Lithuania/Russian Federation)
1. The Secretariat informed the Committee that:
(i) It had received new information regarding the oil exploration project from Ecodefence who is calling attention to the potential threat of an oil spill on the ecosystem and beaches of the Curonian Spit.
(ii) The Vice Minister for Culture of Lithuania, in her written statement, informed the Committee that Lithuania is seriously concerned about the plans for the oil drilling station. Lithuania understands that the project is developed in Russian territory, but it is only 7 kms. from the national border and in the event of an accident, the potential impact on the whole site could be catastrophic as oil cannot be removed from the beach without removing polluted sand. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania had approached the Russian Embassy officially on numerous occasions.
(iii) The Russian authorities informed the Centre on 27 June 2002 that the status had not changed and that oil drilling is not executed or planned.
The Secretariat then read a revised draft decision to the Committee for consideration.
2. The Delegate of Saint Lucia asked for clarification as to the words "without delay".
3. The Secretariat suggested a deadline of 1 October 2002 as in the other Committee decisions.
4. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus and declared the revised draft decision adopted as amended (decision 26 COM 21(b)57).

City of Luxemburg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications (Luxemburg)
1. The Secretariat read a draft decision for the consideration of the Committee, acknowledging that the information required from the State Party had been received and the project had been adapted following the Committee's request.
2. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus on the draft decision and declared it adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)58).
3. The Observer of Luxemburg expressed his gratitude for the excellent co-operation with the Committee, ICOMOS and UNESCO which had led to a positive outcome and to improve the quality of the project. He stated the willingness of his authorities to continue to provide any information necessary. Concerning the Crypt, his authorities would be happy to receive an expert visit.

Ancient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata (Mauritania)
1. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus and declared the draft decision adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)59).

Historic Centre of Puebla (Mexico)
1. The Secretariat informed the World Heritage Committee of:
(i) a planned construction project for several underground parking lots beneath the Historic Centre of Puebla, at Zócalo, the Santo Domingo atrium and the San Luis and Los Sapos Squares.
(ii) An ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission was undertaken to the site from 12 to 14 May 2002.
(iii) The Director of the World Heritage Centre received a letter from the Mayor of Puebla on 27 June 2002, confirming that the work had not been started and would only be undertaken once the required studies and authorizations had been undertaken and granted.
2. The representative of ICOMOS informed the Committee of the conclusions of the mission, underlining the need to study alternative solutions, to undertake a study for pedestrian areas, to preserve the centuries-old trees and obtain the agreement of all parties concerned, both governmental and non-governmental.
3. The Delegate of Mexico stated that the discussion referred to a planned project which was still in a very preliminary stage; the Mayor had not yet submitted the project to the competent institution, Instituto Nacional de Antropologia y Historia (INAH). Furthermore, he indicated that the work that had commenced at Zócalo had been immediately halted.
4. The Secretariat read a draft decision for consideration by the Committee.
5. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus and declared the draft decision adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)60).

Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou (Morocco)
1. The Observer of Morocco thanked the Committee for its support in the safeguarding of the site, and informed the Committee of the most recent progress achieved in the implementation of the recommendations made by the Committee at its 24th session in 2000. In particular, she recalled that an inter-ministerial Commission had been established for the protection of the site, and that a number of actions were being carried out for the rehabilitation of the ksar such as legal protection and development of basic infrastructucture (water, electricity). On the issue of the management structure, the Observer of Morocco informed the Committee that the preparations for the establishment of a site management Commission, with its own regular budget, were well advanced. Finally, she reiterated the firm commitment of the State Party to the safeguarding of the property.
2. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus and declared the draft decision adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)61).

Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha (Nepal)
1. The Secretariat informed the Committee that this was the first time the Committee (rather than the Bureau) would examine the state of conservation of the property since its inscription on the World Heritage List in 1997. The Secretariat provided the Committee with the following information:
(i) the fragile archaeological site of historic significance is a major Buddhist pilgrimage centre;
(ii) the World Heritage area is composed of a small core zone including the archaeological remains of the Maya Devi Temple and associated structures dating back to the time of Lord Buddha's birth, the Ashoka Pillar, the Shakya Pond;
(iii) the core zone is surrounded within a "Sacred Garden" buffer zone, which is part of the Kenzo Tange Master Plan which conceptually laid out the site as a religious centre;
(iv) the Master Plan was not a comprehensive conservation and management plan;
(v) there has been regular examination of the state of conservation by the Bureau since 1999;
(vi) five UNESCO expert missions, an international technical meeting and a non-destructive geophysical and auger survey have been organized between 2001 and April 2002 financed by the World Heritage Fund;
(vii) as a result of the evolution and transformation of the core zone of archaeological remains and structures, the Bureau had underscored the need for careful assessment and analysis of the heritage assets and usage of the pilgrimage property, prior to the implementation of drainage and construction activities;
(viii) UNESCO and experts of the Advisory Bodies had informed the Bureau on the necessity to plan intervention only after the non-destructive geophysical survey, environmental and visitation analyses were complete;
(ix) in order to assist the authorities in finalizing an appropriate design for the remains of the Maya Devi Temple Remains, following receipt of the drawings and plans submitted by the Nepalese authorities, a sixth UNESCO expert mission had been organized and would take place from 25 June - 2 July 2002;
(x) simultaneously, the Centre had received alarming information attesting to the construction of a large and heavy new Maya Devi Temple on the archaeological remains, which necessitated underground digging for placing the steel foundation beams. This action taken by the authorities was unexpected in light of the request by the State Party to the Committee to review and approve the final design for the Maya Devi Temple. Moreover, the executive summary report of the non-destructive geophysical and auger survey had been received by the Centre, which clearly indicated the evidence of sub-surface archaeological deposits, dating possibly to the time of the life of Buddha, in the immediate vicinity of the Maya Devi Temple ruins and the Ashoka Pillar within the World Heritage core zone;
(xi) a report transmitted by the Government of Nepal dated 20 June 2002 stated that the authorities took the decision to construct the new Maya Devi Temple as the Committee did not react to the copy of the final design, taking into account the impatience within which the Nepalese people have been longing for an appropriate place for presenting and revering the Nativity Image and Marker Stone.
2. The Observer from Nepal informed the Committee that his Government continued to be committed to the protection, conservation and presentation of the World Heritage values of this religious centre. He stated that as the Committee did not respond to the final blue prints submitted proposing the new Maya Devi Temple structure construction, his Government understood that the Committee had accepted and approved the proposal.
3. The representative of ICOMOS stressed that faith and conservation were not always compatible since sacred sites attract pilgrimages. He stated that the water logging and conservation of the important archaeological remains have always posed challenges for the site-management authorities. He underlined the importance of research, documentation and excavation prior to intervention through construction of the new Maya Devi Temple, which could result in irreversible damage to the archaeological deposits.
4. The Delegate of Zimbabwe, as a general comment, invited both the Secretariat and the Advisory Bodies to present more factual and clear state of conservation reports with a view to facilitating the Committee's debate. He asked to clarify the position of the metal structure with regard to the boundaries of the World Heritage property and the archaeological remains.
5. The representative of ICOMOS confirmed that the new metallic structure was within the boundaries of the sanctuary.
6. The Delegate of India expressed her conviction that the State Party made all efforts necessary to enhance the state of conservation of the property.
7. The Delegate of Greece recalled that it was the responsibility of the Committee to defend the exceptional universal values of the properties inscribed on the World Heritage List. In this case, one might question - before examining a possible inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger - if the property still presented exceptional universal values. The State Party should be urged to increase its efforts towards the protection and conservation of the property.
8. The Delegate of Saint Lucia requested a more detailed answer to the question raised by the Delegate of Zimbabwe on the exact situation of the metallic structure with regard to the archaeological remains. She further asked whether there was a management plan and whether the authorities envisaged more excavations.
9. The Delegate of the United Kingdom expressed grave concern about the archaeological excavation in relation to the foundations of the new building and asked for detailed information.
10. The Observer of Nepal informed the Committee that the newly constructed Maya Devi Temple was to be 28.4 x 23.8 metres, slightly larger than the exposed archaeological remains. The authorities believed that the final design was in compliance with the recommendations of previous UNESCO expert missions and technical meetings, as well as international conservation norms. He requested the Committee to examine, during its 27th session, the findings and recommendations of the UNESCO mission being undertaken this week .
11. The Delegate of Zimbabwe recalled that consideration for possible inscription of the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger had been raised during previous Bureau sessions. He requested to include in the decision a clear reference to this mission and a review of the situation following the findings of the mission at the next Committee session
12. The Delegate of Saint Lucia recalled that the question on the management plan and possible future excavations was still awaiting an answer.
13. The Observer of Nepal reiterated his Government's commitment to conserve the property following international conservation norms and all the recommendations of the World Heritage Committee, UNESCO and the Advisory Bodies.
14. The Delegate of India commented that rather than concentrating on technical details, it was important to keep sight of the objective of protecting the site.
15. The Chairperson asked the Secretariat to prepare a decision taking into account all concerns and suggested made by the Committee. The decision was adopted under item 29 (Adoption of the Report), the only amendment being the replacement of "Government of Nepal" by "State Party of Nepal" (decision 26 COM 21(b)62).

Chavin (Archaeological Site) (Peru)
1. The Secretariat informed the World Heritage Committee about:
(i) the most recent information available concerning the conservation work undertaken in certain critical zones of the galleries - the Labyrinths, Doble Mensula and Lanzón - as well as the revision of the tourist trail and the continuing research undertaken in co-operation with the Stanford University.
(ii) additional detailed information on measures yet to be undertaken were provided by the National Institute for Culture (INC) on 11 February 2002. They are contained in an emergency plan, and comprise the construction of a wooden walkway for tourists, the reinforcement of some walls and galleries, the removal of layers of alluvium, the drilling of galleries in some walls, the restitution of Lithique elements, the cleaning of drainage pipes, cementing the surface and the walls of the Rio Mosna Dam and the pursuit of conservation studies. Chavin still does not have the requested management plan.
The Secretariat then read a revised draft decision for consideration by the Committee.
2. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus on the revised draft decision and declared it adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)63).

Historic Centre of Lima (Peru)
1. The Secretariat provided the following information:
(i) Following the fire of 29 December 2001, which was reported during the 26th session of the Bureau, the Chairperson of the World Heritage Committee granted US$ 48,000 to Lima to develop a safeguarding plan for the damaged area, including a solution for the rehabilitation of dwellings, the systematic adherence to safety standards for the shopkeepers, and the implementation of preventive measures for the entire Historic Centre.
(ii) Moreover, the UNESCO Office in Lima informed the Centre that building construction work was being undertaken in the Historic Centre.
2. The Observer of Peru further indicated that an expert workshop would be meeting in July 2002 to establish a pilot project for fire safety measures involving the local populations. It would be targeted for Lima but would also serve for other historic centres.
3. The Secretariat then read a slightly revised draft decision for consideration by the Committee.
4. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus on the revised draft decision and declared it adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)64).

Auschwitz Concentration Camp (Poland)
1. The Secretariat informed the Committee of the report received from the State Party regarding the implementation of the recommendations of the international mission to the site in 2001 led by the Chairperson of the Committee.
2. The Observer of Israel inquired about the progress of the management plan and requested that a timetable for the completion of this plan be submitted. Pending the completion of the plan, he suggested to the Committee to request the authorities to halt ongoing projects, which may have an irreversible impact on the site.
3. The representative of ICOMOS fully supported this suggestion.
4. The Observer of Poland clarified the status of the "supermarket" referred to in several newspaper articles. This building was used for commercial purposes 20 years ago. The present owner has obtained the permission to utilize it as a visitor service centre. The Observer further indicated that it is proposed to be managed by the Auschwitz Museum. The Government is in the process of negotiating the purchase of "Visitor's Centre" to be run by the Museum. Furthermore, he informed the Committee that until the elections in October any further actions regarding the buffer zone are on hold. In October/November a working group will be set up to look into the different matters.
5. The Delegate of Saint Lucia requested that an approved management plan be submitted by 1 February 2003.
6. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus and declared the draft decision adopted as amended (decision 26 COM 21(b)65).

Cultural Landscape of Sintra (Portugal)
1. The Secretariat informed the Committee that a co-ordinating agency, Monte Da Lua, has been created.
2. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus on the draft decision and declared it adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)66).

Historic Centre of Sighisoara (Romania)
Document: WHC-02/CONF.202/INF.11
1. The Secretariat informed the Committee on:
(i) the outcome of the mission to the site covering a number of complex issues, including the potential impact of the theme park, which was considered to have less visual but a number of secondary impacts on a small city in a rural environment. A number of social and community issues were taken into account and many meetings held with stakeholders;
(ii) the state of conservation of the World Heritage site;
(iii) comments and observations on the mission report provided by the State Party via letter from the Ministry of Culture dated 14 June 2002.
2. The Observer of Romania thanked UNESCO and ICOMOS for the professional attitude in carrying out the mission, and providing recommendations, which are extremely useful. As already indicated in the letter, the Ministry of Culture is concerned also about the state of conservation of the site and has taken actions, which include the creation of a working group, and an international workshop scheduled for 2003 which involves the civil society. Furthermore, the recommendations were officially transmitted to the Government, which also has received other proposals including from non-governmental organizations. So far no technical documents were forwarded on the theme park for approval by the Ministry, which is foreseen under the Monuments Protection Law. On 26 June 2002, a confirmation was received that the process has started to relocate the project.
3. The representative of the Mihai Eminescu Trust confirmed that a meeting with the Minister of Tourism had taken place on 24 June 2002 about the location of the Dracula Park and that he welcomed the flexibility of the Minister and the Government in agreeing to change the proposed site of the Dracula Park to a place more suited. Furthermore, he indicated that a programme has been elaborated for the Integrated Development of Sighisoara and the Saxon Villages of Transylvania.
4. The Delegate of Argentina commended ICOMOS and the Centre for the mission report, as well as the Romanian authorities and the representatives of Mihai Eminescu Trust for their efforts. She supported the recommendations of the mission and suggested that the Romanian authorities should continue to work with UNESCO and ICOMOS to address the state of conservation issues and avoid any impacts on the World Heritage site.
5. The Delegate of Lebanon, recalling the Committee's concern for this property, welcomed the mission report and commended the proposed relocation of the park. The State Party should be asked not to locate it near any World Heritage property.
6. The Delegate of Nigeria supported this.
7. The Delegate of Saint Lucia underlined that it was also a question of the scale of such a project.
8. The Delegate of the United Kingdom supported the draft decision but suggested to add that the relocation be warmly welcomed and should not affect any other World Heritage area.
9. The Delegate of Thailand asked for the timeframe for the management plan and actions to be taken.
10. The Delegate of Hungary welcomed the good news and the sensitive support of the State Party in the actions to be taken.
11. The Chairperson thanked the State Party and the Mihai Eminescu Trust for the positive development welcomed by the Committee. He noted the Committee's consensus on the draft decision as amended by the Delegates of Lebanon and the United Kingdom and declared it adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)67).

Spissky Hrad and its Associated Cultural Monuments (Slovakia)
1. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus on the draft decision and declared it adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)68).

Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites (United Kingdom)
1. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus on the draft decision and declared it adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)69).

Old City of Salamanca (Spain)
1. The Observer of Spain expressed her gratitude to the ICOMOS mission. She informed the Committee that the local authorities were looking for another location for the auditorium project and that a management plan will be provided as soon as possible.
2. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus on the draft decision and declared it adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)70).

Colonia del Sacramento (Uruguay)
1. The Secretariat provided the World Heritage Committee with the following information:
(i) this World Heritage historic area is a peninsula that is part of the city of Colonia. It is managed by the Honorary Council for the Preservation of Colonia that formally depends on the Commission for the Cultural Heritage of the Nation (CPCN). Visitation during the week is low, mainly school classes, but very high during the weekends thanks to a fast ferry connection to Buenos Aires. Many of the houses are owned by Argentineans and only occupied during the weekends or holidays;
(ii) the overall state of conservation of the sites is unchanged and relatively good. However, there is an increased intrusion of commercial activities for tourism (restaurants, bars, shops, hotels). As most houses have only one floor, this implies a loss of residential functions and increase of traffic and parking needs;
(iii) a Master Plan for the City of Colonia has been under preparation for the last two years but has not been approved yet. In this plan, the World Heritage area is defined as an ‘area de concertación’;
(iv) it seems that the management of the site could be greatly improved by establishing a system in which all parties could feel involved and participate in the definition of policies for preservation and development. The preparation of a specific Master Plan, or, even better, a Management Plan for the World Heritage site is urgently required;
(v) this need is even more apparent in view of a major development project that is proposed by the Buquebus ferry company at the harbour of Colonia that would include a hotel, casino and the use of the recently restored pier for the ferryboat. This project would have a major impact on the site and clear criteria for its assessment are needed;
(vi) an ICOMOS monitoring mission for advice on the hotel-casino project has taken place in April 2002. The report is to be submitted shortly.
The Secretariat read the draft decision for consideration by the Committee.
2. The Delegate of Egypt commented that after considering the state of conservation of many city centres it was clear that there were many conservation problems and conflicts and differences of views even between local and national authorities. He noted that there had not been time for agreement on what regulations are acceptable in core compared to buffer zones. The degree of commitment of the national authorities was not the same everywhere. He said there was a need for a thematic study and it was necessary to take management issues into consideration at time of nomination. The objective was not to stop change but to manage change.
3. The Delegate of Finland supported this intervention, noting also that States Parties have different working methods and suggested that ICOMOS organize a seminar on town planning problems at World Heritage sites.
4. The Delegate of South Africa recalled the Committee's decision to ask the Secretariat to provide draft decisions in writing (see decision 26 COM 21.2 under the discussion on Meidan Emam, Esfahan, Iran). She requested that the information on the state of conservation also be provided in writing.
5. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus on the draft decision relating to Colonia del Sacramento and declared it adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)71). Decision 26 COM 21.2 was amended following the suggestion of the Delegate of South Africa.

My Son Sanctuary (Viet Nam)
1. The Chairperson noted the Committee's consensus on the draft decision and declared it adopted (decision 26 COM 21(b)72).





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