United Nations Children’s Fund (unicef) Phnom Penh, Cambodia Vacancy Nº lgcr/14/001 Terms of Reference Individual Consultancy: Situation Analysis for Inclusive Governance and Community Development in Cambodia Closing Date

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United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)

Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Vacancy Nº LGCR/14/001
Terms of Reference
Individual Consultancy: Situation Analysis for Inclusive Governance and Community Development in Cambodia
Closing Date: Thursday 23 January 2014

UNICEF Cambodia, in partnership with UNDP and WHO, will implement the ‘Disability Rights Initiative Cambodia’, a five year programme that aims to improve the lives of people with disability through increased opportunities for participation in cultural, social, economic and political life. The programme is funded by the Australian Government and is a unique global pilot of partnership at the country level to deliver a disability specific programme. The programme consists of four components and UNICEF will lead on the component Inclusive Governance and Community development which focusses on strengthening the system sub-nationally to be inclusive and responsive to the needs of people with disability and through a small grants scheme aimed at strengthening the linkages between local decision makers, non-governmental service providers (NGOs) and people with disability.

  1. Background and Purpose:

Cambodia has a population of 13.4 million, with 41 per cent aged 24 and under and more than 75% below 30. The largest age group, 0 to 14-year-olds, makes up 33.7 per cent of the population. The country has experienced significant economic growth over the last two decades and the poverty rate has declined from 47 per cent in 1994 to 26 per cent in 2010. However, while new economic opportunities have improved the lives of many – urban Cambodians, in particular – it has also increased inequalities.
It is estimated that Cambodia has one of the highest rates of disability in the developing world. According to the 2009 Cambodian Socio-Economic Survey (CSES), 6 per cent of non-institutional Cambodians, or an estimated 879,000 people, were living with disabilities; a quarter of them were under the age of 18. The 2008 Census reported that only 1 per cent of all children had a disability, though it is likely that these numbers are significantly under-reported due to inadequate screening systems. Under-reporting underscores the fact that many children with disability are invisible, underserved with compromised potential in particular where early detection is in place and the impact of disability can be considerably reduced/mitigated. The World Report on Disability found that 15% of the world’s population is affected by a disability; applying this figure in Cambodia, with a population of approximately 14 million, with 70% of the population under 30, it is possible to estimate based on the World Report’s finding that up to 1,470,000 people under 30 are affected by a disability. Of this number, approximately 2%, or 29,400 will have a severe degree of disability and require special services. Rough estimates indicate there is a strong need to have disability inclusive development programmes in order to reach some of the most vulnerable and excluded segments of society.
There are numerous equity issues related to disability:

  • In terms of livelihoods, the CSES found that a head of a household (HoH) who is a person with a disability will earn approximately USD42 per month, compared a non-disabled HoH who earns approximately USD60 per month. When comparing average monthly wages for rural persons with disabilities who are the HoH (approx. 85% of persons with disabilities live in rural areas in Cambodia), then the majority of persons with disabilities earn one third the GDP per working population.

  • CSES found that persons with disabilities are twice as likely to be landless and that, generally, infrastructure in Cambodia is largely inaccessible1.

  • Children with disabilities are less likely to attend school when compared with peers, and girls with disabilities are less likely than boys with disabilities to be in school. Issues preventing children with disabilities attending school include social discrimination, lack of transport, assistive devices, physical barriers and teachers’ lack of skills in appropriate teaching methodologies. Children with intellectual disabilities are particularly disadvantaged and vulnerable, with few available services2.

  • Access to health services for persons with disabilities also is lower (i.e. seeking private providers in the first instance due to low confidence in public providers). Despite a RGC decree that persons with disabilities receive free healthcare, experience indicates payment is always required3. Barriers to accessing healthcare include attitudinal and the affordability of services and transport4.

Disability Rights Initiative Cambodia (DRIC)
The Australian Government is the largest funder for disability in the world. Australia’s approach to disability is explicitly laid out in it strategy 'Development for All: Towards a disability-inclusive Australian aid program 2009-2014' which sets out practical approaches to guide the Australian aid programme in meeting the needs and priorities of people with disability. The strategy is explicitly focussed on persons with disability. The strategy is aligned with the Australian Government's national social inclusion agenda and reflects the commitment to extending the benefits of development to all and to promoting the dignity and well-being of people with disability.
Cambodia was selected by the Australian Government as one of two focus countries in Asia to pilot best-practice implementation of the ‘Development for All’ (DfA) Strategy using the Disability-Inclusive Development (DID) Budget Measure and in mid-2012, AusAID approached UNDP, UNICEF and WHO to deliver its disability programme in Cambodia. Following a rigorous design process, the Disability Rights Initiative Cambodia was developed and approved. The programme is considered in many ways as a global pilot of partnership between the Australian Government and the UN in promoting the rights of people with disability and is unique in Cambodia.
Disability Rights Initiative Cambodia (DRIC)
The end of program outcome is: People with disability have increased opportunities for participation in social, economic, cultural and political life through effective implementation of the National Disability Strategic Plan (NDSP)

To achieve this outcome, the programme will be delivered through four integrated and strategic program components:

Support Government implementation of UNCRPD (UNDP)

Support DPOs to empower and protect the rights of PWD (UNDP)

Improved rehabilitation services for people with disability (WHO)

Inclusive governance and inclusive community development (UNICEF)

UNICEF component – Inclusive Governance and inclusive community development
The planned area of work to be led by UNICEF is designed based on the organisation’s work at the sub-national level, current country programme commitments and to achieve results for children with disability on the ground in a sustainable way.
The UNICEF-led component has an end of program outcome of: increased capacity of and collaboration between subnational decision makers, civil society and communities to achieve the rights of people with disability.
Two intermediate outcomes have been identified:

  1. People with disability have access to community-based services and support from their local decision-makers in reducing barriers to participation.

  2. Increased capacity of subnational decision-makers in select areas to implement the NDSP, aligned to the CRPD.

The following are the intended results for the component:

  1. Government officials in selected provinces, districts and communes have greater knowledge, skills and resources to improve the lives of people with disability.

  2. People with disability have increased opportunities to participate and contribute to community life in selected areas.

  3. Collaboration between stakeholders in selected provinces, districts and communes as well as across each level of the system is increased.

  4. Non-government organisations are able to deliver quality community based services to people with disability, in particular women and children.

  5. On-going documentation and dissemination of experiences to influence policy dialogue and contribute to the CRPD reporting process.

To achieve the above results, the component will consist of: a) capacity development activities for local government including Provincial Governors, provincial, district and commune decision-makers, b) the roll out of a commune contracted community worker to be a commune level disability focal point and to provide outreach support to people with disability and, c) a small grants scheme aimed at strengthening the link between non-government service providers (NGOs/CBOs) and local decision-makers and to provide disability support services to people with disability. The component’s core activities are a strategic interlinking of delivery mechanisms that will strengthen the institutional system and structure at the sub-national level to ultimately make a difference for people with disability. The results of this component are ultimately aimed at sustainability through the component’s engagement with and development of the capacity of the emerging sub-national institutional environment by:

  • building the capacity of local decision makers to take disability inclusive actions;

  • placing a disability community worker at the grassroots level; and

  • nesting the small grants within the decentralisation process.

The program component frames the small grants mechanism and disability inclusiveness within a clear government process. UNICEF experience demonstrates that programs initiated with donor funding, when clearly linked to Government accountabilities, particularly at the sub-national level, once established and delivering results are sustainable as Government has shown willingness to buy-in to the work and take it to scale.

Purpose of the consultancy:
The objective of the consultancy is to provide UNICEF with a comprehensive review of the situation on the ground for people with disability which will inform the planning and implementation of UNICEF’s component of the UN joint programme Disability Right Initiative Cambodia. It is expected that the consultant will work with a national consultant, in capacity of team leader, to deliver this objective.
Specifically, the objectives for the consultancy are to:

  • Review available data on people and children with disability

  • Review disability services available to people with disability and identify NGOs and DPOs operating on the ground

  • Map out actors and priority areas of support for people with disability

  • Review relevant and existing training materials related to disability and sub-national capacity building, including those of MoSVY, DAC and MoI/NCDD

  • Assess existing capacities and knowledge of disability at sub-national level to identify key training needs to be rolled out at the sub-national level through the UNICEF component

  • Identify key actors at the sub-national level to promote or champion disability inclusion

  • Identify the select areas of geographic focus for the first 2 years of implementation

  • A needs assessment, including identification of barriers, for people with disability and their families as well as opportunities for the program to support at sub-national level

To achieve the objectives, it is expected that the consultant will:

  1. Sub-contract a national consultant to work with in-country. The national consultant is to is expected to:

    1. Provide the international consultant with national perspectives and context;

    2. Work closely with the international team leader in reviewing key documents;

    3. Assist with relevant preparation (i.e. planning, administrative and logistic arrangements,) for consultation meetings (translation (verbal and written) and facilitation during the mission;

    4. Support and the in-country mission and data collection in Cambodia;

    5. Support the preparation of the final report responding to the objectives of the terms of reference.

  2. Provide to UNICEF a Methodology for the Consultancy (max 5 pages)

  3. Deliver a Power point presentation to the UNICEF Cambodia office in-country on the summary of findings and recommendations

  4. Prepare and deliver a final report on the review of the situation on the ground, which will include:

    1. Analysis of the situation on the ground and entry points for the UNICEF’s proposed activities

    2. Geographic focus area recommendation

    3. Identification of small grants scheme thematic areas for consideration in the development of the small grants guidelines

The first step will be for the consultant to sub-contract a national consultant and then prepare and deliver a Methodology for the consultancy, identifying the consultancy research methodologies and list of stakeholders for consultation. This would then be the basis for UNICEF and the consultants to arrange meetings during the consultancy. The Methodology should be delivered no later than 3 weeks before the proposed in-country work.

  1. Methodology:

The consultancy will be expected to prepare by reviewing key documents, undertake consultation in Cambodia and prepare a final report responding to the objectives of the terms of reference.

This consultancy includes the following steps:

  1. Sub-contracting of a Cambodian national consultant

    • Sub-contract a national consultant with relevant experience for the mission

    • Manage the consultant to support planning and preparation for the in-country mission

    • Work with the national consultant throughout the consultancy to achieve the consultancy objectives and deliverables.

  2. Preparation:

    • Review of background documents, including: DRIC programme design document, UNICEF Country Programme 2011-15, Local Governance for Child Rights document, decentralisation in Cambodia, Cambodia specific disability related documents.

    • Pre-in country consultation (via e-mail and teleconference) with UNICEF Cambodia.

  3. Develop and deliver to UNICEF Cambodia the consultancy methodology

  4. In-country consultation and field research with at minimum:

    • Consult with UNICEF Cambodia senior management

    • Consult with LGCR section and zone officers

    • Consult with DAC and MoSVY

    • Consult with Ministry of the Interior (MoI) – National Committee of Sub-National Democratic Development (NCDD)

    • Consult with CDPO

    • Disability NGOs

    • Field visits – consultation with commune councils, people with disability, local DPOs and NGOs and other stakeholders deemed relevant.

    • Consult with UNPD and WHO

  5. Power point presentation to the UNICEF Cambodia office (30-45 min + discussion time)

    • Summary of the in-country work

    • Summary of key findings and recommendations

  6. Final report to UNICEF Cambodia:

    • Submit a final report. The report should not exceed 30 pages (excluding annexes).

The consultant will produce a final report combining the preparation findings and outcomes of the in-country consultations and work. The report will be not more than 30 pages and presented to UNICEF Cambodia no later than 5 days following completion of the in-country mission. The consultant should determine the final outline of the Consultancy report which should address the issues outlined under Purpose.

  1. Deliverables:

The final outputs shall be:

  1. Methodology and work plan development

  • Purpose and time frame for work

  • Approaches to the work, i.e. individual meetings, workshops, consultations, interviews, surveys, focus group discussion, etc.

  • List of key stakeholders

  • Key questions to guide consultations

  • Analyze the collected information

  1. Presentation of findings to UNICEF Cambodia

    • A power point presentation for about 30-45 minutes

    • Summary of in-country work

    • Key findings and recommendations

  1. Consultancy Report

    • Maximum 30 pages

    • Should respond explicitly to the TOR objectives

    • Description of findings as per the ToR objectives

    • Lessons learned

    • Recommendations

    • Conclusion

    • Annexes

  1. Estimated Duration of the Contract (dates and Period):

It is estimated that the consultant will require a maximum of 52 working days to complete the assignment:

  • Desk review of relevant documents will be done by consultant at consultant’s place of residence - 5 working days

  • Development of the consultancy methodology and work plan - 2 working days

  • In-country data collection – research and consultation – 40 working days

  • Finalisation of the consultancy’s report and a presentation will be done by consultant at consultant’s place of residence - 5 working days.



Desk Review, Consultancy methodology and work plan


In-country research and consultation

In Cambodia

Final Report and a presentation accepted by UNICEF


  1. Payment Schedule:

The consultant will be paid as follows:

  • 10% upon agreement on the consultancy methodology and work plan.

  • 50% following the completion of the in-Cambodia research and the mission findings presentation to UNICEF

  • 40% following the submission of the final consultancy report and the presentation accepted by UNICEF

  1. Official Travel (where relevant):

It is estimated that up to a maximum of 20 days of field travel, outside of Phnom Penh, might be required for this consultancy during the joint programme design mission. In case of overnight field trips, the standard UN DSA rates will apply. UNICEF will provide transportation or public buses to provinces.

  1. Qualification or Specialised Knowledge/Experience Required:

Given the level of work in terms of responsibilities and complexity of the assignment, the degree of specialization required by the assignment and the qualifications, experience and writing skills required, the consultancy is classified as an international consultancy at L4 level.

For more information on UN Salary Scales please access:


The key skills required of the consultant shall include:

  • Advanced university degree, Social Sciences, International Development, Child Rights or related fields

  • Demonstrated experience and expertise in the disability sector

  • Demonstrated knowledge of development programming, including community development, engagement with NGOs, local governance

  • Demonstrated experience of research and research methodologies

  • Excellent interpersonal, analytical and report writing skills

  • Strong facilitation and communication skills

  • Robust organizational and planning skills

  • Gender sensitive programming

  • Demonstrated ability to work in a multicultural environment

  • Familiarity with UNICEF (programmes, processes, policies) is an asset

  • Knowledge of Cambodian context/local governance system is an asset

  • While fluency in English is a requirement, work experience in Cambodia would be an asset

  1. Supervision:

The consultant will work under the direct guidance and supervision of the Officer in Charge of Local Governance for Child Rights section. Additional support and guidance will be provided by the Donor Relations and Resource Mobilisation Consultant and the Community Development Officer. The supervisor will be responsible to fill in the final evaluation report.

  1. Type of Supervision that will be provided:

Regular meetings, with the technical staff and consultant supervisor, to ensure compliance with the TOR and overall progress, as per the agreed work plan.

  1. Consultant’s Work Place/Any facilities to be provided by the office:

The Consultant will be expected to use his/her laptop. The international consultant will work for 40 days in Cambodia and when in Phnom Penh based in UNICEF Cambodia; and the national consultant will be based in Phnom Penh.

  1. Nature of ‘Penalty Clause’ to be stipulated in Contract:

Penalties for Unsatisfactory Performance or incomplete Assignment:

In all cases, consultants may only be paid their fees upon satisfactory completion of services. Unsatisfactory performance: In case of unsatisfactory performance the contract will be terminated by notification letter sent five days prior to the termination date.

Performance indicators: the consultant’s performance will be evaluated against the following criteria: meeting TOR requirements, timeliness, work relations, communication, dependability/reliability in carrying out the assignments.

  1. Submission of Applications and Evaluation Criteria:

A two stage procedure shall be utilized in evaluating proposals, with evaluation of the technical proposal being completed prior to any price proposal being compared. Applications shall therefore contain the following required documentation:

  1. Application: shall contain a proposal that responds to the ToR on the overall approach that would be used to ensure that the purpose, objectives, scope, criteria and deliverables are addressed. The application shall also include updated CV and Personal History Forms (P11) of the consultant.

The P11 form can be downloaded from www.unicef.org/about/employ/index_53129.html.

  1. Financial Proposal: Lump-sum offer with cost breakdown: Consultancy fees, international (economy class), Daily Subsistence Allowance (DSA) and required national consultant. The Financial Proposal shall be submitted in a separate file, clearly named Financial Proposal. No financial information should be contained in the application

Travel expenses shall be based on the most direct route and economy fare. Quotations for business class fare will not be considered.

The maximum allowed DSA for Phnom Penh is USD 116/day and USD45/day in provinces to cover lodging, meals, and any other costs related to the consultant's stay in Cambodia. Consultants can offer a more competitive DSA rate. DSA shall be adjusted to actual days upon signature of Contract. Consultants shall provide Financial Proposals using the format provided below:



Unit of Measure

Unit Cost (USD)


Total Cost



Fee for man days for international consultant to complete deliverables as per ToR



Fee for man days for national consultant(s) to complete deliverables as per ToR



Daily Subsistence Allowance (if non-resident in Phnom Penh)

Phnom Penh







Travel Expenses (if applicable)

Economy flight ticket (detail itinerary) and visa


Total in USD

Submitted proposals will be assessed using Cumulative Analysis Method. Technical proposals should attain a minimum of 55 points to qualify and to be considered:

a) Technical proposals

  1. Overall Response: 25 points

  • Understanding of scope, objectives and completeness and coherence of response

  • Overall match between the ToR requirements and proposal

  • Proposed national consultant (include CV and P11)

  1. Technical Capacity: 45 points

  • Demonstrated experience and expertise in the disability sector;

  • Demonstrated knowledge of development programming, including community development, engagement with NGOs, local governance;

  • Demonstrated experience of research and research methodologies;

  • Excellent interpersonal, analytical and report writing skills;

  • Strong facilitation and communication skills;

  • Robust organizational and planning skills;

  • Gender sensitive programming;

  • Demonstrated ability to work in a multicultural environment;

  • Familiarity with UNICEF (programmes, processes, policies) is an asset;

  • Knowledge of Cambodian context/local governance system is an asset;

Total Technical 70

b) Financial Proposal

The maximum number of points shall be allotted to the lowest Financial Proposal that is opened /evaluated and compared among those technical qualified candidates who have attained a minimum 55 points in the technical evaluation. Other Financial Proposals will receive points in inverse proportion to the lowest price.

Total Financial 30

The Contract shall be awarded to the consultant obtaining the highest combined technical and financial scores. Proposals not complying with the terms and conditions contained in this ToR, including the provision of all required information, may result in the Proposal being deemed non-responsive and therefore not considered further.

1 Asian Development Bank, Disabled People and Development Cambodia Country Report, June 2005

2 Carter, Jennifer, Toward a Cooperative Approach, A Study on the Situation of Children with Intellectual Disabilities in Cambodia, date unknown.

3 German Technical Cooperation (GTZ), Report of study to prepare the integration of vulnerable groups, specifically the elderly and people with disability into the Social Health Protection Programme (SHPP) in Cambodia, November 2010 DRAFT

4 SCDC et al March 2009.

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