United Nations A/hrc/19/68



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The Brazilian compound280

  1. A second warehouse, a few hundred metres away was also used as a detention centre. This was an abandoned warehouse which had belonged to a Brazilian Company. The Brazilian Company warehouse was also under the command of [056].281 One detainee interviewed by the Commission was transferred from the agricultural warehouse to the second detention centre at the beginning of August 2011. Between 26-30 persons detained there by the beginning of August 2011.282 Other guards reported as working here included [046] and [065].283 Torture continued here, with one detainee naming two of the guards from the Yarmouk warehouse [038 and 036] as having beaten him unconscious with electric cable.284

  2. On 22 August 2011, in the morning, a detainee interviewed by the Commission heard Sergeant [030] talking on his mobile phone and saying that there were a large number of detainees.285 One of the guards recalled how [046] called [030] around 0700hrs286, informing him that the thuwar had reached Salahadeen. [030] told them to execute the doctors and the “officers” and lock the others inside the warehouse. 287

  3. At around 10-11 am, one of the guards, a soldier from the 32nd (Khamis) Brigade, [040] came to the warehouse and took six detainees outside. After less than an hour the witness heard the sound of shooting. The witness then heard the sound of heavy bombardment in the area. A few minutes later, having not heard any movements from the guards, they opened the door and freed themselves. In an adjacent room, the witness found three of the six already dead while the other three detainees who had been taken outside were wounded. He then ran out to the street, looking for a vehicle to take them to hospital. Another doctor died before he could find a vehicle but the remaining two were evacuated to the Al-Afia Medical Centre in Qasr Ben Gushair.288 The witness named those Qadhafi forces members present that morning as [030], [046, 073 and 040].289

  4. A former guard told the Commission that the guards from the Brazilian warehouse [062 and 065] had arrived in Yarmouk shortly thereafter and reported that they had “performed the assignment”.290

Gargur

  1. Gargur, south of Bab al-Aziziyah, was the site of another ad hoc detention centre. Locals knew the building as the former “Green Security Building” (Al-Amn Al-Akhadar), reportedly under the command of [027]291 reporting in turn to [008].292

  2. The Commission interviewed a number of former detainees and family members. Those held in the detention centre had mainly been arrested on 18-19 August 2011 in Tripoli. One man was arrested with his son by masked men. Another witness interviewed by the Commission was a former administrative officer with the External Security Agency (Amn al-Kharaji). He was arrested, seemingly at random, on the street by a group of the Popular Guard (Al-Haras Al-Sha’abi). They were masked with the exception of the commander, whom he knew [014].293 Another of those who died had, according to his father, been arrested on 19 August 2011 at his home by soldiers of the Revolutionary Guard led by [026], along with [081], [041] and [042].294 Detainees reported being held on two floors. Those interviewed by the Commission were mainly held in a kitchen on the upper floor, where there were 14 detainees in a 2m by 2m room. They were held there for five days without any food, and with water provided only in the evenings.

  3. On the afternoon of 23 August 2011, there was a burst of gunfire through the door of the room on the upper floor. One of the witnesses interviewed by the Commission was hit by a bullet in the back. The rest of the detainees lay on the floor. Several witnesses told the Commission how, a short time later, the door opened. A guard [045] took one of the detainees whom he knew out of the room and shut the door. A few minutes later there was intensive gunfire on the ground floor. After a further few minutes the whole place was silent. The detainees opened the door, and quietly went downstairs, fearing that they would be killed next. They found the bodies of 21 people. There were only two men still alive.295 The son of one of the witnesses interviewed by the Commission was among the dead. The witness himself, being wounded in the back, was dragged out of the building. There was still shooting outside from all directions. The detainees ran to the river and hid in its bank until it was dark. The wounded man was taken home by thuwar. His son’s body was returned to him two days later. He had been shot in the back of the head.296 The father of another of the dead men told the Commission how he had received a call from the Matiga Hospital who asked him to come and get the body. When he got to the hospital, he was told by the thuwar that the body had been brought from the detention centre in Gargur.297

  4. The Commission also interviewed the only two survivors from the ground floor. One said he was arrested by soldiers from the Revolutionary Guard (Al-Haras Al-Thawri) led by [068]. They had been looking for his brother and found incriminating materials in the house linking the family to the thuwar. He told the Commission that he was beaten, subjected to electric shocks and finally transported to the Green Security building. The other was arrested near Bab al-Aziziyah two weeks before the executions. Unlike the other witnesses interviewed by the Commission, they were held on the ground floor.298 They recounted similarly difficult conditions to those on the upper floor, with little food and water and no toilet facilities. The witnesses stated that on 23 August 2011 around1 pm, one of the guards fired at the detainees on the ground floor through the window of the room. Two of the detainees were killed and one of the survivors was wounded. The guard then continued upstairs with the other guards, saying they would return to kill the “rats” on the ground floor. After a while they heard shooting upstairs. The detainees on the ground floor believed that the people arrested upstairs were being killed and they decided to escape. However, when they stepped out of the room into the hallway, four guards came down the stairs and opened fire. The first witness, one of the last to exit the room, was shot in his right leg and right shoulder and left for dead. The second, who had been wounded, remained in the room. 21 others died. They were helped to escape by the detainees who came down from upstairs, and were taken to Matiga hospital.299

  5. The guards at the detention centre were named by the witnesses as [010, 051, 009, 045 and 049.]300 One survivor said that two of the guards were French-speaking Africans.301

  6. On August 26 2011, Human Rights Watch found two additional bodies in the closet under the stairs in the building and dozens of spent cartridges and bloodstains on the ground.302 A doctor who had been monitoring where executed prisoners were buried told the Commission that he believed that up to 130 prisoners from the Gargur prison had been buried at Sidi Hamed.303



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