United Nations A/hrc/19/68

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Phase 3: post-conflict (1 November 2011 – January 2012)

  • After the “Declaration of Liberation”, Abdelrahman Kib was appointed Prime Minister replacing Mahmoud Jibril. Kib’s cabinet, composed of a Deputy Prime Minister and 24 Ministers including two women, was sworn-in on 24 November 2011. The interim Government publicly set out its key goals including ensuring the respect of human rights and the rule of law; achieving transitional justice and national reconciliation; and guaranteeing public security. 115

  • On 16 September 2011, the United Nations Security Council adopted resolution 2009 establishing a United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) for an initial period of three months. In resolution 2016, adopted on 2 December 2011, the United Nations Security Council extended UNSMIL’s presence in Libya until March 2012, and added the assistance and support of Libyan national efforts to address the threats of proliferation of all arms and related material to UNSMIL’s mandate.

  • The internal conflict has caused significant internal displacement and movement of persons into neighbouring countries. As of 3 November 2011, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) estimated that some 768,372 non-Libyans to have left Libya.116 Most were migrant workers from Egypt, Tunisia, Niger, Algeria and Chad. Those who fled included individuals with international protection needs such as nationals of Eritrea and Somalia.

  • Hundreds of thousands of Libyans also fled their homes during the conflict. As Qadhafi forces launched their military offensive on the eastern front in March 2011, residents of Ajdabiya, Ras Lanouf and Bani Jawad fled eastward staying with families, in camps or other temporary shelter. As fighting in the Nafusa Mountains intensified in April 2011, civilians fled their homes and found shelter with either host families or camps in Ramada and Tataouine in Tunisia. During the conflict, over 250,000 Libyans also crossed into Tunisia.117 At later stages of the conflict, Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) estimated that 80,000 people had fled from Bani Walid and Sirte by October 2011118, many of them settling in areas around Tripoli, Misrata and Benghazi or in makeshift camps on the outskirts of the cities.

  • As the conflict subsided, many were able to return to their homes, particularly those displaced from eastern Libya and the Nafusa Mountains. The return of residents of Bani Walid and Sirte was delayed, however, by war-related damage to the electricity supply and the water and sanitation systems, as well as severe destruction of property, particularly in the case of Sirte. In some cases, returns were also delayed due to the contamination of residential areas with the explosive remnants of war. Other internally displaced poeple have not been bale to return to their home due to fears for their safety from attack by the thuwar. Particularly vulnerable groups include the Mashashiya from the Nafusa Mountains and the Tawerghan community from Tawergha.

  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees estimated that some 172,000 IDPs remained scattered across Libya by December 2011.119 Some internally displaced people, perceived as having supported the Qadhafi Government, have not been able to return to their homes due to fears for their safety from attack by the thuwar. The NTC’s national reconciliation efforts have thus far been unable to find political solutions for these IDPs.

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