United Nations A/hrc/19/68


Full Report of the International Commission of Inquiry



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Full Report of the International Commission of Inquiry

to investigate all alleged violations of international law in Libya

Contents


Page

Acronyms and abbreviations 27

I. Introduction 30

A. Mandate and methods of work 28

B. Challenges faced by the Commission 30

C. Cooperation and Acknowledgements 31

E. Applicable Law 31

II. Background 36



  1. Legacy of the Qadhafi era 36

  2. Gains made by the new Government 40

  3. Military forces and structures 40

  4. Timeline of Events 46

III. The Commission’s findings 51

A. Excessive use of force 51

B. Unlawful killing 56

C. Arbitrary detentions and enforced disappearances 87

D. Torture and other forms of ill-treatment 101

E. Targeted communities 117

F. Sexual violence 139

G. Attacks on civilians, civilian objects, protected persons and objects 147

H. NATO’s use of force 160

I. Prohibited weapons 170

J. Use of mercenaries 174

K. Child soldiers 177

L. Pillaging 180

IV. Accountability 188

V. Assessment and Findings 196

VI. Recommendations 198

VII. Annexes 201



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