19. Green economy allows for economic progress based on the use of the countries’ natural capital (as part of inclusive wealth), provided that actions are taken to maintain or sustainably use that capital, including through transboundary cooperation. It encourages investments into technology, machinery and other solutions that help decouple economic progress from environmental degradation. It further informs and promotes behaviour, knowledge and solutions that help maintain natural capital and combat climate change and its impacts.
20. Green economy considers the cost of economic activities on natural capital (directly and indirectly) and takes actions to ensure that any loss or damage to natural capital is accounted for and internalized by setting the right price signals. Green economy penalizes pollution and in this way encourages investment to make economic activities less polluting. By introducing payments for ecosystem services, it further rewards and compensates those who restore and enhance ecosystems and their services.