Rationale: The situation involving Sudan/South Sudan presents an outstanding opportunity to examine how history, geography, economics, and culture merge not only to create tensions and strife that too much of the world continues to experience but also produce inspirational stories that can serve as models for a more hopeful future.
At the end of this unit (at a minimum) students will KNOW:
Basic facts about Geography
Location on African Continent
Major landforms and bodies of water
Major natural resources
Basic facts about History
~1450 – Independence with a focus on European contact/impact
www.unrefugees.org (USA for UNHCR, The UN Refugee Agency – go to “For Teachers” – videos, posters, lesson plans, etc.
www.nationalgeographic.com/ (at homepage click on “Education,” then type “Sudan” in search box)
Sudan offers a great platform for studying “human rights” – use the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights as an introduction – the AmnestyUSA site above has a variety of related lesson ideas
Use the documentary “Lost Boys of Sudan” as the focus of your unit—incorporate a guest speaker, writing assignments, art assignments, presentations, etc.
Current event articles in newspapers and magazines – use Literacy TA strategies, article review/analysis strategies, “Newspapers in Education” strategies (www.newsobserver.om/nie/), etc.
“Starter” Activities (designed to stimulate written responses and discussion)
Children of War: Voices of Iraqi Refugees by Deborah Ellis
The Color of Home (Phyllis Fogelman Books) by Mary Hoffman
Resources for increasing teacher knowledge
www.wagingpeace.info – this site has a section on Sudan; a sub-section with primary documents
www.unrefugees.org (go to “For Teachers” then “Additional Resources)
www.readingquest.org/strat/ - great site for reading strategies—explanations and printables
Social Studies Essential Standards
7.H.2.1 Analyze the effects of social, economic, military, and political conflict among nations, regions, and groups (e.g. war, genocide, imperialism, and colonization).
7.H.2.2 Evaluate the effectiveness of cooperative efforts and consensus building among nations, regions, and groups.
7.G.1.1 Explain how environmental conditions and human response to those conditions influence modern societies and regions (e.g. natural barriers, scarcity of resources and factors that influence settlement).
7.E.1.1 Explain how competition for resources affects the economic relationship among nations (e.g. colonialism, imperialism, globalization, and interdependence).
7.C & G.1.4 Compare the sources of power and governmental authority in various societies (e.g. monarchs, dictators, elected officials, anti-governmental groups and religious, political factions).
7.C.1.1 Explain how culture unites and divides modern societies and regions