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Grade 5 Unit 1: Geography and The Development of Civilizations in the Western Hemisphere



UNIT OVERVIEW

GENERAL INFORMATION

Terms:

Unit 1

Duration:

8.0 Week(s)

Start Date:

September

Finish Date:

End of October

Subject:

Social Studies

Grade:

5

Author:

A. Bryant, S. Chauncey , M. Hickey, A. Krauss, B. LaFountain, K. McBride, M. McClellan, J. Streiff

Social Studies Key Ideas:

5.4, 5.1, 5.2




UNIT FOCUS

Social Studies : 5
Students will understand that geography has a direct impact on the development of society. As people adapted to and modified their environment, complex civilizations emerged in order to meet the needs of their people. Students will discover how physical environment influences people and culture including use of land, natural resources, economy, and settlement.





STAGE 1: DESIRED RESULTS – KEY UNDERSTANDINGS

ESTABLISHED GOALS

TRANSFER

Curriculum

Social Studies Framework

Key Ideas

• 5.4 The diverse geography of the Western Hemisphere has influenced human culture and settlement in distinct ways. Human communities in the Western Hemisphere have modified the physical environment.

• 5.1 The first humans in the Western Hemisphere modified their physical environment as well as adapted to their environment. Their interactions with their environment led to various innovations and to the development of unique cultures.

• 5.2 Between 1100 B.C.E. and 1500 C.E, complex societies and civilizations developed in the Western Hemisphere. Although these complex societies and civilizations have certain defining characteristics in common, each is also known for unique cultural achievements and contributions.


Students will be able to independently use their learning to …
T1

Students must understand perspective, interdependence, that history repeats itself, and change can come about from one person or a group.



MEANING

UNDERSTANDINGS

ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS

Students will understand that ...
U1

Regions share common identifiable characteristics such as physical, political, economic, or cultural features.


U2

People made use of resources in their environment to develop their way of life.


U3

Civilizations adapted to and modified their environment through innovation to meet the needs of their people.



Students will keep considering ...
Q1 & Q2

How does where we live influence how we live? How does geography impact civilization?


Q3

What makes a civilization rise and fall?





ACQUISITION OF KNOWLEDGE AND SKILL

KNOWLEDGE

SKILLS

Students will know …
K1

That the Western Hemisphere is divided into the following regions: North America (Canada & the US), Mesoamerica (Mexico & Central America), Caribbean, and South America


K2

Key facts about the arrival and settlement of peoples of the Western Hemisphere including how they used resources


K3

The characteristics of the following complex societies and civilizations: Mayas, Incas, & Aztec, (e.g. religion, transportation, social class, writing systems, government, language, technology, social hierarchy, theories of decline)



Students will be skilled at ...
S1

Using geographic representations such as maps, photographs, satellite images, and models to describe where places in the Western Hemisphere are in relation to each other

S2

Identifying and describing how environments affect human activities and how human activities affect physical environments


S3

Explain how events are related chronologically to one another in time.


S4

Compare and contrast characteristics of complex societies and civilizations.




STAGE 2: ASSESSMENT EVIDENCE

PERFORMANCE TASK(S)

Coding

Code

Evaluative Criteria

Description



PT1

See Answer Key

Quiz #1: Geography in the Western Hemisphere



PT2

See Answer Key

Quiz #2: Early Peoples of the Americas




PT3

See Answer Key

Quiz #3: Complex Societies and Civilizations




PT4

See Rubric

Performance Task: How does geography impact civilization




STAGE 3: LEARNING PLAN

RESOURCES

5.4 GEOGRAPHY IN THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE
Articles:

1. Kids Discover: Geography.


Books:

2. You Wouldn’t Want to Be a Mammoth Hunter by John Malam

Databases:

3. World Book Online maps

4. BrainPop- Geography
Websites:

5. National Geographic: http://mapmaker.education.nationalgeographic.com

6. http://www.classzone.com/cz/books/ms_wcg_western/book_home.htm%

3Fstate%3DWI

7. National Geographic: http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2015/01/first- americans/hodges-text

8. Timeline of human migration- http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/journey/timeline.swf


5.1 EARLY PEOPLES OF THE AMERICAS:
Articles:

1. White, Deborah. “The Tlingit Indians of Alaska: Respect For Nature and Ancestors Marked the

Tlingit Culture. ” Junior Scholastic. 20 Sept. 2004: 8+. Kids Infobits. Web. 30 June 2015.

2. Than, Ker. “On Way To New World, First Americans Made a 10,000 Year Pit- Stop.” National

Geographic. www.nationalgeographic.com/content/news/en_US/news/2014/04/140227

-native-americans-beringia-bering-strait-pit-stop.html.

3. Updike, William A. “Bridge to the Americas.” National Parks Mar. 2000: 46.

Kids InfoBits. Web. 30 June 2015.

4. “The Inuit Range.” The Blackbirch Kid’s Almanac of Geography.” Alice Siegel and Margo McLoone.

Detroit: Blackbirch Press, 2000. Kids InfoBits. Web. 1

July 2015.

5. Roop, Peter. “Following the Food.” Cobblestone. Sept. 2011: 4-6.

6. Kids Discover: Ice Age
Databases:

7. TrueFlix- The Inuit


Teacher resources:
8. BBC: The Incredible Human Journey (Documentary)

9. National Geographic: The Human Family Tree (Documentary)


Videos:

10.Safari Montage video: Prehistoric America: Edge of the Ice

11.Safari Montage video: Bill Nye Archaeology
Websites:

12.www.pbs.org/beringlandbridge/guide/index.html

13.https://genographic.nationalgeographic.com/human-journey/

14.http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/ice/


5.2 COMPLEX SOCIETIES
Articles:

1. Smith, Laurie Chance. “Aztec Farming.” Boys Quest. Aug./Sept. 2010: 2-3.

Kids InfoBits. Web. 1 July 2015.

2. Zatkin, Christy Hawes. “Exploring Machu Picchu, Lost City of the

Incas.”Highlights For Children. Nov. 2004: 18-19. Kids InfoBits. Web. 1 July

2015.


3. Kids Discover Magazines: Incas, Aztecs, Mayans.
Books:

4. Primary Source Readers: Mayas, Incas, and Aztecs by Wendy Conklin **

5. Lost City: The Discovery of Machu Picchu by Ted Lewin

6. Secret of the Andes by Ann Nolan Clark (Newbery Award winner)

7. Technology in the Ancient Americas by Charlie Samuels*

8. Tools and Treasures of the Ancient Maya by Matt Doeden*

9. Aztec, Inca, & Maya (Eyewitness) by Elizabeth Baquedano

10.The Inca Empire by Sandra Newman

11.The Ancient Maya by Jackie Maloy

12.The Aztec Empire by Sunita Apte

13.You Wouldn’t Want to Be A Mayan Soothsayer by Rupert Matthews

14.You Wouldn’t Want to Be an Aztec Sacrifice by Fiona MacDonald

15.You Wouldn’t Want to Be an Inca Mummy by Colin Hynson
Databases:

16.BrainPop- Maya, Maya Civilization, Inca Civilization, Aztec Civilization,

17.TrueFlix- The Ancient Maya, The Aztec Empire, The Inca Empire
Teacher Resources:

18.Smithsonian: Unmasking the Maya- http://anthropology.si.edu/maya/index.html

19.Smithsonian: Living Maya Time- http://maya.nmai.si.edu/

20.History Channel: Maya- http://www.history.com/topics/maya

21.History Channel: Aztec- http://www.history.com/topics/aztecs

22.PBS- Nova- Ghosts of Machu Picchu- http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/ancient/ghosts-machu-picchu.html

23.PBS- Marvel of Inca Engineering-

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/ancient/wright-inca-engineering.html

24.PBS: Solving Mysteries via DNA- http://www.pbs.org/wnet/finding-your-

roots/blog/solving-mysteries-via-dna-a-scientists-journey/
Videos:

25.Safari Montage video: Ancient Maya (Schlessinger)

26.Safari Montage video: Mystery of the Maya (National Geographic)
Websites:

27.History Channel- Chinampas: http://www.history.com/videos/aztec- ingenuity#aztec-ingenuity

28.History Channel- many excellent, short videos about Incas, Aztecs, and

Maya.
Reading/ Social Studies NEW Texts Purchased for all Buildings 2015



Mayas, Incas, and Aztecs by Wendy Conklin (8 copies in all bookrooms)

What Did The Aztecs Do For Me? By Elizabeth Raum (8 copies in all bookrooms)



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