Unit I, Segment 3 of 5

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American History A

Mr. Bekemeyer

The French and Indian War (1754-1763)

(Unit I, Segment 3 of 5)

(From "Causes of the American Revolution" reading)
I. North America Before the French & Indian War (1754-1763)

A. By 1750, Britain & France had become serious ___________ because:

1. Both nations used __________________ to expand their

colonial claims in order to increase their wealth

2. Britain & France went to war 3 times in Europe from


3. These wars in Europe meant that their _______ would ____ too

B. During the 1700s, both the British & French colonies were growing;

__________ disputes along the __________________________ led to

the French & Indian War

C. The growth of the British & French colonies impacted ____________


1. The French increased their ___________________with Native

Americans along the Ohio River Valley

2. The spread of British colonists into the backcountry & across

the ___________________________ Mountains led to

numerous conflicts with Native Americans

II. The French & Indian War (1754-1763)

A. Start of the Conflict: 1754

1. In 1754, VA governor sent 22 year old ____________________

to protect an Ohio Company claim

2. Washington’s troops were forced to _______________from Fort Duquesne; This clash proved to be the beginning of the

French & Indian War

B. The French & Indian War

1. ___________ & their North American colonists VS.

___________, their colonists, & Native American allies

2. The war started in North America (1754-1763), but became part

of a larger, “______________” war called the Seven Years War

(1756-1763) due to ________________ among empires

C. The war officially ended with the ____________________ in 1763

1. France lost ____________, most of its empire in India, &

claims to lands east of the Mississippi River

2. ___________ gained all French lands in Canada &

exclusive rights to the Caribbean slave trade

3. Spain got all lands west of the Mississippi River, New

Orleans, but lost _______________ to England

III. Effects of the French & Indian War

A. The French & Indian War changed the relationship between Britain &

the American colonists:

1. Colonists were excited about the possibility of new __________

in the west now that the French were gone

2. Colonists learned new guerilla fighting tactics from the


3. Parliament expected the _____________to help pay for the war

4. More decisions would now be made by the British


B. Other problems strained the relationship between Britain & the

colonists after the war:

1. The expensive British _______ was not removed from America

2. The Ottawa (Native Americans), led by Chief ______________, attacked frontier settlers who flooded into the Ohio Valley

(Pontiac’s Rebellion, 1763)

3. Britain had to spend more money defending colonists in the


C. After Pontiac’s Rebellion, the British Parliament created the _____________

of 1763:

1. __________ colonists from moving across the Appalachian


2. Colonists were angry because this limited their ability to gain

new land

3. Colonists were angry that this decision was made by Parliament & not in _____________

D. The French & Indian War brought an end to ____________________

& began parliamentary sovereignty

1. English officials assumed that Parliament must have ultimate

authority over ALL laws & taxes

2. The British began governing their colonies more ___________

3. New taxes & laws were passed without asking colonial


4. As Britain assumed more _____________, the colonists tried to

hang onto the power of their colonial assemblies

5. This shift would prove to be the beginning of the long road towards colonial __________________

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