Unit 9 Review – World War II (due on test date Wednesday, February 8, 2012)

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Unit 9 Review – World War II (DUE on test date Wednesday, February 8, 2012)

  1. Must understand the following concepts:

    1. Europe was dominated by dictators with repressive governments who had a desire for power

    2. Japan became an aggressor in Asia

    3. US foreign policy changed slowly from neutrality to strong support for the Allies

    4. US mobilization ended the Great Depression

    5. Multiple war fronts

    6. Genocide of the Holocaust

    7. Use of atomic weapons

    8. Intolerance for Japanese Americans

    9. Contributions of the “The Greatest Generation”

  2. How did the following issues from the Treaty of Versailles create a climate that led to WWII?

    1. Forced disarmament

    2. Blame placed on Germany

    3. Forced reparations

  3. Describe how the following things prompted the U.S. to get involved in WWII?

    1. Erosion of democracy in favor of dictatorships

    2. Strong economic ties between U.S. and Allies

    3. Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

  4. What was the impact of each of the following policies of Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Harry Truman?

    1. Neutrality from 1939-1941, although there was a pro-allies bias

    2. Lend-Lease

    3. Mass mobilization of the economy for the war effort

    4. Weekly collection of income taxes through payroll deductions

    5. Selective Training and Service Act 1940 (draft)

    6. War Production Board and Office of War Mobilization

    7. Cost-plus system from military contracts

    8. Office of Price Administration/rationing

    9. Office of War Information

    10. FDR and the Normandy invasion

    11. Truman and the atomic bomb

  5. Why was information produced by the Office of War Information considered to be propaganda? Look at ads and posters online. In what ways did the bureau use stereotyping and bias to sway public opinion?

  6. How did the art, music and media of the time reflect the propaganda of WWII?

  7. How did the Selective Service and Training Act change things in America?

  8. What were internment camps and who were placed in them?

  9. What was Executive Order 9066?

  10. Compare the contributions of ethnic groups in America during the war versus the restriction of rights placed on those same ethnic groups at home.

  11. What constitutional issues were raised by the internment camps in America? (See Korematsu v. United State on the internet.)

  12. How did the U.S. react to the Hitler’s plan of genocide for the Jews?

  13. How did the holocaust impact U.S. support for a homeland for the Jews supporting the war?

  14. What was the Manhattan Project?

  15. What decisions were made before dropping the bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki?

  16. In retrospect as you analyze the dropping of the bombs do you believe that the ends justified the means?

  17. Describe the impact of multiple fronts in the war in Europe.

    1. North African campaign

    2. Invasion of Italy

    3. War in U.S.S.R.

    4. Use of carpet bombing

    5. The invasion of Normandy

  18. Describe McArthur leaving the Philippines and the subsequent Bataan death march and its impact on America.

  19. Describe McArthur’s Island hopping plan. What was the purpose and was he successful?

  20. Why is the battle of Midway in the pacific considered to be turning point in the war?

  21. Describe the reaction of the liberators and those freed when the Nazi concentration camps were liberated.

  22. Explain the military contributions of the following people in the roles described below:

    1. Omar Bradley at the Battle of the Bulge

    2. Dwight Eisenhower: Leader of Allied Forces in WWII

    3. Chester Nimitz commanded naval forces at Midway

    4. George Marshall: Army Chief of Staff WWII; advocated use of atomic bomb; assisted economic recovery in Europe after the war

    5. George Patton in North Africa and Sicily

    6. Franklin D. Roosevelt, Commander and Chief

    7. Harry S. Truman, Commander in Chief

    8. Vernon J. Baker, Medal of Honor recipient

    9. Adolf Hitler

    10. Benito Mussolini

    11. Joseph Stalin

  23. Explain why the following actions were considered patriotic and why they were important to the war effort:

    1. Growing Victory gardens

    2. Rationing resources needed for the war effort

    3. Purchasing war bonds

  24. Describe how the following groups contributed to the war effort in America:

    1. Women filling non-traditional roles again in the U.S.

    2. The Navajo code talkers

    3. The Tuskegee Airmen

    4. The Flying Tigers

  25. How did Executive order 8802 impact minority rights in America during and after the war?

  26. What was the job of the Fair Employment Practices Committee?

  27. Describe what action Truman took in 1948 because of the bravery exhibited by minorities in the service during the war.

  28. Describe how the political boundaries changed after the war particularly in Germany and for Israel?

  29. Explain the migration patterns of WWII in America as people searched for wartime jobs.

  30. What scientific discoveries impacted the War effort?

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