Unit 6 summary civil war and reconstruction



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13TH AMENDMENT

In 1865, slavery is officially abolished and illegal.



14TH AMENDMENT

Ratified in 1868, citizenship is granted to people born in the United States, guaranteeing freedoms and rights found in the United States Constitution.



15TH AMENDMENT

Ratified in 1870, the United States cannot deny a citizen the right to vote based on “race, color, or previous condition of servitude”.





CONGRESSIONAL RECONSTRUCTION

Radical Republicans who controlled the US Congress wanted to make sure the South provided freedoms to all of its citizens, not just the wealthy whites. To do this, the South had to ratify the 13th, 14h, and 15th amendments in order to rejoin the United States. The US military temporarily governed the southern states, while former Confederate officers were denied political power. The US provided financial aid to rebuild cities, schools, and railroad to improve the South.



PRESIDENTIAL RECONSTRUCTION:

After the South surrendered during the Civil War Abraham Lincoln and later Andrew Johnson wanted to quickly readmit the Confederate states back into the Union. First, states had to abolish slavery by ratifying the 13th Amendment. Secondly, 10% of the population had to take an oath of allegiance to the United States. This plan was not very strict and did not punish the rebellious governments, which caused Congress to come up with their own Reconstruction plan.







HENRY McNEAL TURNER

African-American who was very influential as a religious leader and Georgia politician. Turner and 26 other black legislators were denied acceptance by the majority white General Assembly. After protest and US support the legislators were able to participate in the second legislative session.



KU KLUX KLAN

A terror group created by former Confederate soldiers that used violence and intimidation tactics to disenfranchise blacks (denying the right to vote and other freedoms). The Klan was successful in getting southern white Democrats elected, albeit illegally and through corruption and violence. The KKK harassed, harmed, and killed many blacks, Jews, Catholics, carpetbaggers (northern whites rebuilding the South), and scalawags (southern whites who supported the Radical Republicans).








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