Unit 6 Key Terms Manifest Destiny Oregon Trail

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Unit 6 Key Terms

  1. Manifest Destiny

  2. Oregon Trail

  3. James K. Polk

  4. “Fifty-four Forty or Fight”

  5. Annexation of Texas

  6. Mexican-American War

  7. Wilmot Proviso

  8. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

  9. Popular sovereignty

  10. Free-Soil Party

  11. California Gold Rush

  12. Compromise of 1850

  13. Fugitive Slave Act

  14. Uncle Tom’s Cabin

  15. Transcontinental railroad

  16. Gadsden Purchase

  17. Kansas-Nebraska Act

  18. Bleeding Kansas

  19. John Brown

  20. Caning of Charles Sumner

  21. Republican Party

  22. Abraham Lincoln

  23. Dred Scott v. Sandford

  24. Lincoln-Douglas Debates

  25. Freeport Doctrine

  26. Harpers Ferry

  27. Election of 1860

  28. Crittenden Compromise

  29. Confederate States of America

  30. Jefferson Davis

  31. Fort Sumter

  32. Border States

  1. The idea that Americans had a God-given right to conquer and civilize North America

  2. One of the routes that “overlanders” used to move to the West

  3. Known as the “expansion president,” he was president when the United States gained the Oregon Territory and fought the Mexican-American War

  4. Slogan of people who felt the United States should fight England for all of the Oregon Territory rather than share it

  5. Action that made Texas part of the United States and angered Mexico

  6. Conflict between the United States and Mexico caused by the United States’ desires for Texas and California and started by a border dispute in Texas

  7. Suggested law (that did not pass) that called for all land won from Mexico to be free from slavery

  8. This ended the Mexican-American War and resulted in the Mexican Cession, which gave the United States was is now the American southwestern states

  9. The idea that states should decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery

  10. Formed with the platform that slavery should not expand west and preserve the West for white people

  11. Event that caused the population of California to increase dramatically and ask to be admitted as a free state

  12. Created by Henry Clay, this deal included California being admitted as a free state and the Fugitive Slave Act being passed

  13. This law forced northerners to aid in slave-catching and divided the country

  14. Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, this caused many northerners to hate slavery

  15. This proposed structure would unite the West to the rest of the country

  16. This strip of land was bought from Mexico for the construction of a transcontinental railroad

  17. This law proposed using popular sovereignty to settle Midwestern states but resulted in violence

  18. This event involved pro-slavery forces and abolitionist forces fighting over control of their state

  19. White abolitionist who killed slave owners in Kansas and later tried to start an armed slave rebellion

  20. Event in which a Congressman almost killed a Senator in the U.S. Capitol

  21. Formed with the platform that slavery could not expand west, took power with the election of Abraham Lincoln

  22. Won the Election of 1860 and led the country during the Civil War

  23. This ruled the slaves were not citizens and that slavery could not be banned in any territory

  24. Series of talks between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas that made Lincoln a popular candidate for president two years later

  25. Idea that, even if slavery could not be banned, western territories did not have to pass laws to protect it

  26. Site of John Brown’s attempt to raid a federal arsenal and start an armed slave rebellion in the South

  27. This event caused southern states to secede from the United States

  28. This last ditch effort to prevent the Civil War, by bringing back the Missouri Compromise line and extending it to the West Coast, that failed

  29. The country that southern states established after Lincoln’s election

  30. President of the Confederate States of America

  31. Site of the first shots fired by the South against the North, started the Civil War

  32. States that had slavery but remained part of the Union and were vital to Lincoln’s ability to conduct the Civil War

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