Lesson Plan ( Outline ) Course: College English Level 1
Content: Unit 6
Time: Week 16-17
To (The Students): Undergraduates 2005 Level 1
Textbook and Edition: New College English (Second Edition)
Teaching Methods: Lectures, Presentations, Group discussions, Pair works and Practice in Listening Lab
Teaching Aims: In this unit, students are required to:1) get to know some useful information concerning the topic of the reading passage. 2) grasp some new words and try to use these words which help them to enrich their vocabulary. 3) read the in-class reading passage in a limited time and grasp some expressions and grammatical points in the in-class reading passage to improve their reading comprehension.
Content and Time Distribution:
Period 1-2 Part 1 (Preparation) and Part 2 (In-class Reading: Pre-reading)
Period 3-4 Part 2 (In-class Reading: The Bermuda Triangle, Post-Reading)
Period 5-6 Part 2 (After-class Reading), Part 3 and Part 4
Period 7-8 View, Listen and Speak (in Listening Lab)
Key Teaching Points: In-class Reading: The Bermuda Triangle: Passage organization, the use of certain words and expressions, exercises in Post Reading; After-class Reading, Further Development: Ex: 1,2,3.
Teaching Aided by: Online Courseware
Assignments: 1. P190. Translation
2. P201. Writing (optional)
2 periods for listening related material
1 period for preparation and background introduction
2 periods for after-class reading articles and further-development
Some background knowledge
The Sphinx in Egypt is one of the greatest mysteries in history. It has the face of a man, and the body of a lion, and it faces east. It was carved out of a single piece of stone weighing hundreds of tons. Who built it and for what purpose? When and how was it built? It has long been argued that the Egyptians couldn’t have built the Sphinx. An advanced civilization 8,000 to 10,000 B.C. may have built it. Whatever the origin of the Sphinx, it has been a symbol of strength and intelligence of Egyptian culture.
The Great Wall of China, one of the greatest wonders of the world, was enlisted in the World Heritage by UNESCO in 1987. Just like a gigantic dragon, the Great Wall winds up and down across deserts, grasslands, mountains and plateaus stretching approximately 6,700 kilometers (4,163 miles ) from east to west of China. With a history of more than 2000 years, some of the section of the great wall are now in ruins or even entirely disappeared. However, it is still one of the most appealing attractions all around the world owing to its architectural grandeur and historical significance.
Loch Ness Monster is supposedly living in Scotland's Loch (Lake) Ness. "Nessie" as she is called first is the best known cryptozoological creature in the world. The earliest recorded sighting of the Loch Ness Monster was in the biography of St. Columba by Adamnan in the year 565 AD. The monster apparently attacked and killed a man who was swimming in the River Ness.
Do UFOs really exist? Many people claim to have seen UFOs in real life. The first reported UFO sighting in America was made by an airplane pilot in 1947. Some people have even taken pictures of UFOs. But do UFOs really exist? Many of the UFOs sighted have been found to be planes, weather balloons or shooting stars. Others may be explained by optical illusions or people’s psychological desire to interpret the images as UFOs. However, a recent public opinion poll shows that many people think that UFOs do exist, in spite of the lack of evidence.
Q & A
1) Where is the Bermuda Triangle?
The Bermuda Triangle is an area in the Western Atlantic Ocean between Bermuda, Florida, and Puerto Rico.
2) What is the Bermuda Triangle known for?
The Bermuda Triangle is known for its being mysterious. Many airplanes and ships have disappeared in this very mysterious part of the world. The people on board also disappeared and have never been found. For years now, scientists and others have been puzzled by this mystery. Many people believe that the area has a special, magical force, making it very dangerous to go into the area. Some people even believe that those planes and ships were kidnapped by creatures from outer space.
Words, Phrases and Grammatical Points
1. take off (l. 1)
The phrase “take off” has several meanings when it is used intransitively.
1) (used for an airplane, etc.) leave the ground and start flying
e.g. I) The airplane took off from the airport.
II) We took off in the jet airliner and soon had crossed the country.
e.g. I) It was at this point that her acting career really took off.
II) Her singing career took off after an appearance on Johnny Carson’s “Tonight” show in America.
3) go away, often suddenly and unexpectedly
e.g. I) When he saw me, he took off in the other direction.
II) She just took off without saying goodbye to anyone.
The phrase “take something off” has the following meanings when it is used transitively.
1) remove (especially clothes)
e.g. I) Take your shoes off before you come in.
II) He took off his clothes and got into the bath.
2) have the period of time mentioned as a holiday
e.g. I) I’m going to take a week off.
II) It’s difficult for me to take time off during the summer.
2. happen , occur , take place (l. 17)
“happen” and “occur” are usually used with events that are not planned. The word “occur” is more formal than “happen”. The phrase “take place” sometimes suggests that an event is planned.
e.g. I) Could you describe to the police what happened after you left the party?
II) The accident happened/occurred at 10:00 a.m..
III) The next attack took place four hours later.
IV) The talks will take place in Vienna.
3. result in (l. 32) result from
The phrase “result in” means “cause something to happen or exist” and “result from” means “happen or exist because of something”.
e.g. I) The accident resulted in the death of two passengers.
II) The talk has resulted in better understanding between the two countries.
III) Ninety per cent of the deaths resulted from injuries to the head.
IV) His difficulty in walking results from a childhood illness.
4. as to on the subject of, concerning 至于，关于
e.g. I) John had been given no directions as to what to write.
II) What can you tell us as to the whereabouts (下落，去向) of the runaway cat?
5. consist of be made up of 由……组成，由……构成
e.g. I) The United States consists of fifty states.
II) The team consists of four Europeans and two Americans.
6. on board on a ship, airplane, train, etc.在船（或飞机、火车等）上
e.g. I) He has never been on board a ship before.
II) All the passengers were safely on board.
Study by students themselves. Pick out some important language points to emphasize.
The Loch Ness Monster is supposedly living in Scotland's Loch (Lake) Ness. "Nessie" as she is called first is the best known crypto zoological creature in the world.
Carvings of this unidentified animal, made by the ancient inhabitants of the Scottish Highlands some 1,500 years ago, are the earliest evidence that Loch Ness harbors a strange aquatic creature. This looks a lot like the stone carvings of the Chupacabra.
The earliest recorded sighting of the Loch Ness Monster was in the biography of St. Columba by Adamnan in the year 565 AD. The monster apparently attacked and killed a man who was swimming in the River Ness.
The monster didn't make headlines again until August 27, 1930 when 3 fishermen reported seeing a disturbance in the water. The men watched as a creature 20 feet long approached their boat throwing water in the air. As it passes them, its wake caused their boat to rock violently.
The men were convinced that the disturbance was caused by a living creature. Following the story, the newspaper received several letters from people claiming also to have seen a strange creature in the Loch.
In 1962 The Loch Ness Investigation Bureau was formed to act as a research organization and clearing house for information about the creature. In the beginning it only conducted research for a few weeks in the year, but by 1964 they established a more permanent presence around the Loch. Eventually the Bureau established camera stations with both still and cinema cameras with telephoto lenses. They had vans which served as mobile camera stations, and underwater listening devises. Searches were conducted using hot-air-balloons and infrared night time cameras, sonar scanners and submarines.
A great deal of information was discovered about the Loch, but they have yet to produce any concrete evidence of a monster.
Loch Ness is located in the North of Scotland and is one of a series of interlinked lochs which run along the Great Glen. The Great Glen is a distinctive incision which runs across the country and represents a large geological fault zone. The interlinking was completed in the 19th century following the completion of the Caledonian Canal.
The Great Glen is more than 700 ft (213 m) deep and ice free. It is fed by the Oich and other streams and drained by the Ness to the Moray Firth. It forms part of the Caledonian Canal. By volume, Loch Ness is the largest freshwater lake in Great Britain.
Since Dec., 1933, when newspapers published accounts of a 'monster,' 40 to 50 ft (12-15 m) long, said to have been seen in the loch, there have been alleged sightings.
As a result of the publicity, Loch Ness has become a major tourist attraction.
Several scientific studies have been conducted, including thorough sonar surveys of the loch, and these have not revealed any presence of such a "monster".
Many people believe that the size and great depth of the loch, together with potential underwater caves, gives the monster many places to hide.
Most of the Nessie witnesses describe something with two humps, a tail, and a snakelike head. A V-shaped was often mentioned, as well as a gaping red mouth and horns or antennae on the top of the creature's head. Nessie's movements have been studied, and the films and photos analyzed to determine what Nessie might be, if she exists.
There are numerous theories as to Nessie's identity, including a snake-like primitive whale known as a zeuglodon, a type of long-necked aquatic seal, giant eels, walruses, floating mats of plants, giant molluscs, otters, a "paraphysical" entity, mirages, and diving birds, but many Lake Monster researchers seem to favor the plesiosaur theory. The case has occasionally been supported by indistinct photographic evidence - thought - in 1994 - a famous 1934 photograph was revealed to be a hoax.
Period7-8 View, Listen and Speak (in Listening Lab)