In its history, Georgia has had tenstate constitutions.
Georgia’s first, although temporary constitution, was called the “RulesandRegulations.”
Georgia’s first permanent state constitution was called the Constitutionof1777.
Dividing the basic functions of government into three branches ensures that no branch becomes more powerful than the others. Each branch can check the power of the other two branches. This is called checksandbalances. Examples of these include:
The judicial branch explains/interpretslaws. In Georgia, the highest level of the judicial branch is the StateSupremeCourt.
Voters in Georgia must be 18years old to vote.
Voter registration deadlines are normally 30days before an election.
Elections in Georgia are controlled by the office of the SecretaryofState.
Presidential elections are held the first Tuesday(afterthefirstMonday)in November.
Georgia was the first state in the United States to lower its voting age to the current age. This was done by EllisArnall, one of Georgia’s most progressive Governors. Why do you believe that the governor lowered the voting age when he did?
adoptions, marriages, etc.
- The principal law enforcement
F. Clerk of the Superior Court
officer in the city government
- The most common form of county government
H. Chief of Police
Answer the following questions regarding city government:
- Clear separation of powers between A. Strong Mayor-
Mayor and Council; mayor hires and Council fires, administers budget, and may
veto the city council B. Weak Mayor- Council
- Mayor is ceremonial and the council
runs the city’s day-to-day operations C. Council Manager
- A powerful city council hires a person to run the city
In addition to city government, Georgia has a form of local government, established by cities and counties, to meet specific needs. These are called special-purposedistricts(orauthorities). Examples include:
These forms of government are funded by userfees.
The state government collects revenue (money needed to run the government) from four major sources:
Match the following descriptions with their correct term related to state revenue: F - Taxes on private homes, land, etc. A. revenue
G - Legislation that allows spending from B. sales tax the state budget
balanced B - Taxes on goods that are bought and budget
- Money normally granted to help states
with education or highway building E. income tax
- Taxes on the earnings of citizens from F. property tax employment or investment
E - Jurisdiction over delinquent children under 17 years old
D - Three-men teams hear appeals
The major differences between criminal and civil law are: Civillawhandlesprivatedisputes(divorce,propertyownership,contracts,personalinjuries,etc.);criminallawdealswithactionsthatharmpeopleorsociety.
In Georgia, a juvenile is someone who is achild/teenwhoisundertheageof16.
The difference between unruly and delinquent behavior is delinquentbehaviorismisconductthatwouldbeconsideredcriminalifcommittedbyanadult(e.g.,murder,rape,etc.);unrulybehaviorismisconductthatwouldnotbeconsideredcriminalifcommittedbyanadult(e.g.,skippingschool,drinking,etc.)
According to the Seven Deadly Sins Act of 1994, juveniles will be charged as adults if they commit the following crimes:
In criminal justice, the term aggravatedrefers to crimes that are committed under the threat of serious or deadly force.