Unit 6 – The New South


UNIT 11 – Georgia Government



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UNIT 11 – Georgia Government




  • SS8CG1 - The student will describe the role of citizens under Georgia’s constitution.



  • S8CG2 - The student will analyze the role of the legislative branch in Georgia state government.



  • SS8CG3 - The student will analyze the role of the executive branch in Georgia state government.



  • SS8CG5 - The student will analyze the role of local governments in the state of Georgia.



  • SS8E4 - The student will identify revenue sources for and services provided by state and local governments.



      • In its history, Georgia has had ten state constitutions.



      • Georgia’s first, although temporary constitution, was called the “Rules and Regulations.”



      • Georgia’s first permanent state constitution was called the Constitution of 1777.



      • Dividing the basic functions of government into three branches ensures that no branch becomes more powerful than the others. Each branch can check the power of the other two branches. This is called checks and balances. Examples of these include:



      • The General Assembly can makes laws, but the Governor can veto them.



      • The Governor can veto laws, but the General Assembly can override a veto.



      • The State Supreme Court may declare laws unconstitutional.



      • The General Assembly may impeach members of the state Supreme Court.



      • The legislative branch makes laws. In Georgia, it is called the General Assembly.





      • The judicial branch explains/interprets laws. In Georgia, the highest level of the judicial branch is the State Supreme Court.



      • Voters in Georgia must be 18 years old to vote.



      • Voter registration deadlines are normally 30 days before an election.



      • Elections in Georgia are controlled by the office of the Secretary of State.



      • Presidential elections are held the first Tuesday (after the first Monday) in November.



      • Georgia was the first state in the United States to lower its voting age to the current age. This was done by Ellis Arnall, one of Georgia’s most progressive Governors. Why do you believe that the governor lowered the voting age when he did?





          • State Senate

          • House of Representatives

          • Governor

          • Lieutenant Governor



          • Age Requirement



          • 25



          • 21



          • 30



          • 30

          • Years of U.S. Citizenship

          • NA

          • NA

          • 15

          • 15

          • Years of Georgia Residency

          • 2

          • 2

          • 6

          • 6



          • Terms of Office

          • 2 years (no term limits)

          • 2 years (no term limits)

          • 4 years (2 terms)

          • 4 years (no term limits)



          • Length of Session

          • 40 days (beginning on 2nd Monday of January)

          • 40 days (beginning on 2nd Monday of January)

          • NA

          • 40 days (beginning on 2nd Monday of January)





          • Duties of Office

          • Make laws to ensure welfare of citizens

          • Suggest state programs; direct state budget; appoint members of state boards; call special sessions; veto laws

          • Serve as President of the State Senate (the only office holder who is a member of two branches); to assume the duties of the Governor if necessary



          • Branch of Government



          • Legislative



          • Legislative



          • Executive

          • Executive; Legislative



        • What member of the state executive branch is also the President of the State Senate? Lieutenant Governor



        • Most of the work of the General Assembly takes place in session.



        • Are the Lieutenant Governor and Governor’s requirements for office identical? Yes Why? The Lieutenant Governor must be constitutionally eligible to serve in the office of Governor.

      • Match the description with the correct member of the executive branch:
































        • D F A A E

          C




          • Investigates insurance companies in Georgia




          • Sets state education policy




          • Monitors state elections




          • Oversees the states farms and farm policy




          • Enforces state employment regulations

          1. Secretary of State




          1. School Superintendent




          1. Labor Commissioner




          1. Attorney General




          1. Agriculture Commissioner




          1. Insurance Commissioner

          Match the description with the proper element of county government:



          G

          - Created by the state constitution

          A. Sheriff

          C
          A

          • Created by a legislative charter




          • The principal law enforcement

          B. Board of Commissioner




          officer in the county government

          C. Cities

          D
          F

          • Responsible for tax collection




          • Administers oaths, manages court

          D. Tax

          Commissioner





          E

          records, custodian of the court seal
          - Administers estates, name changes,

          E. Probate Court Judge



          H

          adoptions, marriages, etc.
          - The principal law enforcement

          F. Clerk of the Superior Court




          officer in the city government

          G. Counties

          B

          - The most common form of county government

          H. Chief of Police



























































      • Answer the following questions regarding city government:



    1. - Clear separation of powers between A. Strong Mayor-

        • Mayor and Council; mayor hires and Council fires, administers budget, and may

        • veto the city council B. Weak Mayor- Council

    1. - Mayor is ceremonial and the council

        • runs the city’s day-to-day operations C. Council Manager



    1. - A powerful city council hires a person to run the city



      • In addition to city government, Georgia has a form of local government, established by cities and counties, to meet specific needs. These are called special-purpose districts (or authorities). Examples include:



        • Public schools



        • Mass transit systems (e.g., MARTA)



        • Airport



        • Utilities (water, sewage, electric companies)



      • These forms of government are funded by user fees.



      • The state government collects revenue (money needed to run the government) from four major sources:



        • Sales taxes



        • Federal grants



        • Personal income taxes



        • Property taxes

      • Match the following descriptions with their correct term related to state revenue: F - Taxes on private homes, land, etc. A. revenue

        • G - Legislation that allows spending from B. sales tax the state budget

    1. balanced B - Taxes on goods that are bought and budget

        • consumed.



    1. - Money normally granted to help states

    1. federal grants

    1. with education or highway building E. income tax



    1. - Taxes on the earnings of citizens from F. property tax employment or investment



    1. A - Money required to fund the government

    1. appropriation



    1. C - Budget requirement that prevents the state from going into debt
    1. UNIT 12 – Juvenile Justice




    2. SS8CG4 - The student will analyze the role of the judicial branch in Georgia state government.



    3. SS8CG6 - The student will explain how the Georgia court system treats juvenile offenders.



      • Match the description with the correct court with Georgia’s judicial system: B - The highest court in Georgia A. Superior Court

    4. A - May hear almost any civil or B. Supreme Court criminal case



    1. C - Handles wills and other admin-

    2. C. Probate Court

    1. istrative matters D. Court of Appeals



    2. G - Handles small civil claims (e.g., E. Juvenile Court bad checks, arrest warrants, etc.)



    1. F - Jurisdiction over misdemeanor

    1. State Court

    1. violations and civil cases G. Magistrate Court



    2. E - Jurisdiction over delinquent children under 17 years old



    3. D - Three-men teams hear appeals



      • The major differences between criminal and civil law are: Civil law handles private disputes (divorce, property ownership, contracts, personal injuries, etc.); criminal law deals with actions that harm people or society.



      • In Georgia, a juvenile is someone who is a child/teen who is under the age of 16.



      • The difference between unruly and delinquent behavior is delinquent behavior is misconduct that would be considered criminal if committed by an adult (e.g., murder, rape, etc.); unruly behavior is misconduct that would not be considered criminal if committed by an adult (e.g., skipping school, drinking, etc.)



      • According to the Seven Deadly Sins Act of 1994, juveniles will be charged as adults if they commit the following crimes:



      •  Murder



      • Rape



      • Aggravated sodomy



      • Aggravated child molestation



      • Aggravated sexual battery



      • Armed robbery



      • Kidnapping



      • In criminal justice, the term aggravated refers to crimes that are committed under the threat of serious or deadly force.







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