War Fever Escalates- The Spanish responded to the renewed Cuban revolt by sending Gen. Valeriano Weylar to crush the rebellion. As many as 300,000 Cubans died in barbed-wire enclosed reconcentration camps where they were herded into by “The Butcher” Weyler in order to keep them from helping in the insurrection. Weyler’s brutal actions would also lead to a different kind of war, one fought to increase circulation of American newspapers.
1896-1898: Yellow Journalism and the Headline Wars
William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer printed exaggerated and sensationalized headlines about atrocities in Cuba in order to increase circulation of their newspapers
Yellow journalism- sensationalized writing that exaggerates the news to lure and enrage readers
Hearst sent the artists Frederic Remington to Cuba to draw sketches of the supposed crimes of the Spanish.
When Remington reported that a war between the U.S. and Spain seemed unlikely, Hearst responded, “You furnish the pictures and I’ll furnish the war!”
Remington depicted Spanish customs officials brutally disrobing and searching American women. (Americans were not told that the searches were conducted by female attendants)