Unit 5 Class Notes- imperialism and wwi american Expansionism

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War Fever Escalates- The Spanish responded to the renewed Cuban revolt by sending Gen. Valeriano Weylar to crush the rebellion. As many as 300,000 Cubans died in barbed-wire enclosed reconcentration camps where they were herded into by “The Butcher” Weyler in order to keep them from helping in the insurrection. Weyler’s brutal actions would also lead to a different kind of war, one fought to increase circulation of American newspapers.
1896-1898: Yellow Journalism and the Headline Wars

  • William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer printed exaggerated and sensationalized headlines about atrocities in Cuba in order to increase circulation of their newspapers

    • Yellow journalism- sensationalized writing that exaggerates the news to lure and enrage readers

    • Hearst sent the artists Frederic Remington to Cuba to draw sketches of the supposed crimes of the Spanish.

      • When Remington reported that a war between the U.S. and Spain seemed unlikely, Hearst responded, “You furnish the pictures and I’ll furnish the war!”

      • Remington depicted Spanish customs officials brutally disrobing and searching American women. (Americans were not told that the searches were conducted by female attendants)

    • Stories of poisoned wells and children being thrown to sharks, patently false, helped to deepen American sympathies for the Cuban rebels

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