Unit 5 Class Notes- imperialism and wwi american Expansionism

African Americans Debate the War-

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African Americans Debate the War- Opinions regarding the war varied in the black community.

  • W.E.B. DuBois believed blacks should support the war

    • He thought support for the war would strengthen their calls for equality and racial justice

  • William Monroe Trotter, founder of the Boston Guardian, called for victims of racism to protest against the US. Government

  • Others questioned why blacks should fight for the freedom of others abroad, when they didn’t have freedom at home

The Great Migration- America’s entry into the Great War accelerated the large-scale movement of African Americans from the South to the North, known as the Great Migration.

  • African Americans sought to escape Jim Crow of the South

    • The black-owned paper Chicago Defender ran articles contrasting Southern lynchings with the prosperity of African Americans in the North

    • Unfortunately, racism and discrimination existed in the North as well

  • A boll weevil infestation, drought, and floods had ruined much of the cotton crop in the South

  • Job opportunities in the North, especially in war-related factories, helped lure job seekers

    • European immigration was virtually stopped with the outbreak of war

    • Manufacturers sent recruiting agents to the South, with free railroad passes to entice blacks to move North

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