Unit 4: Mexican Texas Colonization Through Rebellion against Spanish Rule in the Early 1800s



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Battle of San Jacinto – On April 21, 1836, Sam Houston ordered Deaf Smith to burn Vince’s Bridge (the way out of San Jacinto) and attacked the Mexican Army about 3:00pm. Houston led the Texas forces of 800 men against Santa Anna’s Mexican forces of 1300 men. The Texans were inspired to “Remember the Alamo!” and “Remember Goliad!”. Juan Seguín, a messenger for Houston who formerly served Travis at the Alamo, led the Tejanos into battle. It is the shortest battle in history that lasted 18 minutes. Santa Anna, the self-proclaimed “Napoleon of the West”, was captured the next day and surrendered all rights to Texas to Sam Houston.

Vocabulary Terms


  • depression

  • Federalists

  • Centralists

  • customs duty

  • dictator

  • exempt

  • officials

  • revolt

  • executive

  • legislative

  • judicial

  • veto

  • survey

  • colonization

  • import

  • repeal

  • ambassador

  • petition

  • empresario

  • commerce

  • committees of correspondence

  • decree

  • epidemic

  • uprising

  • bombard

  • units

  • plaza

  • massacre

  • cabinet

  • skirmish

  • garrison

  • convention

  • ad interim

  • veteran

  • dispatch

  • cavalry

  • resolution

  • provisional government

  • fortress

  • recruit

  • regular army

  • siege


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