Unit 4: 1800-1848 Democracy, Nationalism, and Expansion in the Early Republic Enduring Vision Chapters 8 – 11 Main Idea

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Unit 4: 1800-1848 Democracy, Nationalism, and Expansion in the Early Republic
Enduring Vision Chapters 8 – 11
Main Idea: The new republic struggled to define and extend democratic ideals in the face of republic economic, territorial, and demographic changes.

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1e/thomas_jefferson_by_rembrandt_peale,_1800.jpg http://www.ttb.gov/images/image_ah1.gif
A.P. U.S. History

Essential Questions/ Skills:
What factors contributed to growing debates over federal power, the relationship between the federal government and the states, the authority of different branches of the federal government, and the rights and responsibilities of individual citizens?
In what ways did an increasing international exchange of goods and ideas affect the new republic?
How effectively did American political ideals match political and social realities?
How did the United States become culturally distinct in this era?
How was the nature of agriculture and manufacturing affected by global markets and technological innovations?
What factors shaped settlement patterns during this period?
To what degree did economic changes caused by the market revolution have significant effects on migration patterns, gender and family relations, and the distribution of political power?
How and why did U.S. policymakers seek to dominate the North American continent and to promote foreign trade?
Explain and evaluate why some American groups and individuals initiated and championed territorial expansion and/or governmental powers while others resisted those initiatives.
How did the American acquisition of lands in the West give rise to a contest over the extension of slavery into the western territories, as well as a series of attempts at national compromise?

Key Concept 4.1: The United States developed the world’s first modern mass democracy and celebrated a new national culture, while Americans sought to define the nation’s democratic ideals and to reform its institutions to match them.
Key Concept 4.2: Developments in technology, agriculture, and commerce precipitated profound changes in U.S. settlement patterns, regional identities, gender and family relations, political power, and distribution of consumer goods.
Key Concept 4.3: U.S. interest in increasing foreign trade, expanding its national borders, and isolating itself from European conflicts shaped the nation’s foreign policy and spurred government and private initiatives.

A.P. U.S. History

Terms, People, and Concepts:

American System

Andrew Jackson

Burr Conspiracy

Chesapeake Affair

Dartmouth College Case

Election of 1800 (Revolution of 1800)

Eli Whitney

Embargo Act of 1807

Era of Good Feelings

Essex Junto

Horace Mann

Hartford Convention


James Madison

James Monroe

John Marshall

John Quincy Adams

Judiciary Act 1789

Louisiana Purchase

Lowell System

Macon’s Bill

Manifest Destiny

Marbury v. Madison

Mexican Cession

Monroe Doctrine

Nicholas Biddle

Non-Intercourse Act


Oregon Territory

Peggy Eaton

Republican Motherhood

Rush-Bagot Treaty


Samuel Slater

Texas (annexation)

Thomas Jefferson

Treaty of Ghent

Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo

War Hawks

2nd Bank of the U.S.

“Kitchen” cabinet

Adams-Onis Treaty

Charles River Bridge Case

Compromise Tariff of 1833


Election of 1824 (corrupt bargain)

Erie Canal

Fletcher v. Peck

Force Bill

Frederick Douglass

Gibbons v. Ogden

Indian Removal Policy

Internal Improvements

John C. Calhoun

James K. Polk

Mexican War

Missouri Compromise

National Road

Panic of 1837

Pet Banks

Robert Fulton

Sojourner Truth

Specie circular

Spoils System

Tallmadge Amendment

Tariff of 1816

Trail of Tears

Whigs (National Republicans)

William Henry Harrison

Worcester v. Georgia


Brigham Young

Brook Farm

Burned Over District

Charles Finney

Edgar Allan Poe

Henry David Thoreau

Herman Melville

Hudson River School (painting)

James Fenimore Cooper

Joseph Smith


New Harmony

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Second Great Awakening

Seneca Falls Convention/ Declaration of Sentiments





Walt Whitman

William Lloyd Garrison


The following questions have been asked as AP Free Response (FRQ) and Document Based Questions (DBQ) on this unit.

  1. With respect to the Federal Constitution, the Jeffersonian Republicans are usually characterized as strict constructionists who were opposed to the broad constructionism of the Federalists. To what extent was this characterization of the two parties accurate during the Presidencies of Jefferson and Madison? Confine your answer to the period 1801-1817.

  1. “Developments in transportation, rather than in manufacturing and agriculture, sparked American economic growth in the first half of the nineteenth century.”

  • Assess the validity of this statement.

  1. “In the first half of the nineteenth century, the American cultural and intellectual community contributed to the development of a distinctive American national consciousness.”

  • Assess the validity of this statement.

  1. “In America, the great issues of the seventeenth century were largely theological; those of the eighteenth century, largely political.”

  • Assess the validity of this statement.

  1. Discuss the changing ideals of American womanhood between the American Revolution (1770s) and the outbreak of the Civil War. What factors fostered the emergence of “republican motherhood” and the “cult of domesticity”? Assess the extent to which these ideals influenced the lives of women during this period. In your answer be sure to consider issues of race and class.

  1. “Early United States foreign policy was primarily a defensive reaction to perceived or actual threats from Europe.” Assess the validity of this statement.

  1. Analyze the extent to which TWO of the following influenced the development of democracy between 1820 and 1840.

Jacksonian Economic Policy Second Great Awakening Westward Movement Changes in electoral politics

  1. The Jacksonian Period (1824-1848) has been celebrated as the era of the “common man.” To what extent did the period live up to its characterization? Consider TWO of the following in your response.

Economic development Politics Reform movements

  1. How did TWO of the following contribute to the reemergence of the two party system in the period 1820 and 1840?

Major political personalities States Rights Economic Issues

A.P. U.S. History

Unit 1: 1491-1607

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