Unit 3: To what extent should internationalism be pursued?

Internationalism and Peace and Security

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Internationalism and Peace and Security

  • The League of Nations had failed at keeping the peace after World War I. But, after World War II people did not give up on the idea of world peace. A new international body was formed to achieve this goal: The United Nations. The UN provides a forum for nation-states to discuss their disputes and concerns without resorting to violence. The UN has not stopped all armed conflicts, but there hasn’t been another world war.

Internationalism and Economic Stability

  • The countries that formed the UN believed that the great depression of the 1930s had helped to encourage ultranationalism. To prevent similar crises the UN created several new organizations:

  • The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) were created to help nations recover from the destruction of WWII. Today they provide financial and technical help to developing countries.

  • The World Trade Organization (WTO) replaced the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1995. The WTO tries to promote freer trade and settle trade disputes between countries.

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