Unit 3 Assessment: China 4, 4, 3, and 2)

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Unit 3 Assessment: China (2.4, 4.4, 7.3, and 7.2)

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Terms and Names: For each term or name below, define and briefly explain its connections to human prehistory.

  1. Mandate of Heaven: In Chinese history, the divine approval thought to be the basis of royal authority.

  2. Oracle bone: One of the animal bones or tortoise shells used by ancient Chinese priests to communicate with the gods.

  3. Confucius: Most influential scholar in China, live in the time when the Zhou Dynasty in decline.

  4. Daoism: A philosophy based on the ideas of the Chinese thinker Laozi, who taught that people should be guided by a universal force called the Dao(Way).

  5. Shi Huangdi: The emperor who unified China.

  6. Filial piety: Respect shown by children for their parents and elders.

  7. Kalidasa: Kalidasa was a Classical Sanskrit author and is often considered ancient India's greatest playwright and dramatist.

  8. Silk Roads: A system of ancient caravan routes across Central Asia, along which traders carried silk and other trade goods.

  9. Han Dynasty: A Chinese dynasty that ruled from 202 B.C. to A.D. 9 and again from A.D. 23 to 220.

  10. Civil service: The administrative departments of a government especially those in which employees are hired on the basis of their scores on examinations.

Main Ideas: Answer the following in complete sentences.

  1. What was the great advantage of the Chinese written language?

Could learn language even if spoken was very different. The Chinese written language helped unify a large and diverse land and made control much easier. Chinese explanation for rebellion, civil war, and the rise of a new dynasty.

  1. Around what five relationships did Confucius believe society should be organized?

Those between ruler and subject, father and son, elder brother and younger brother, husband and wife, and friend and friend.

  1. Why did Shi Huangdi have the Great Wall built?

This wall was built mostly of compacted earth, and was made to keep out Mongolian raiders.

  1. Why was Wudi one of China’s most significant rulers? Explain.

Wudi was one of China's most significant rulers because held the throne longer than any other emperor and he expanded the Chinese empire though war. He also colonized the areas known as Korea, Manchuria, and present day Vietnam.

  1. Under the Chinese civil-service system, who could become government officials?

Only loyal civilians could be given a government post.

  1. How did silk influence China’s government, economy, and culture during the Han period?

Silk influenced China's government by becoming one of their main priorities, many silk mills were established. The silk also was very valuable and often used in trade. It influenced the culture because interaction with other empires along the silk road led to cultural diffusion.

  1. How did economic problems lead to the decline of the Han?

Due to landowning policies that did not require large landowners to pay taxes, large and wealthy landowners began to give out loans to small land owners. These large land owners would end up taking the land and the gap between the rich and the poor grew. Wang Mang attempted to fix this policy by increasing the supply of money and distributing the land more evenly, but by minting more money merchants had to raise their prices because there was an increased spending. A great flood then left thousands dead or poor, ending the Han dynasty.

  1. How did changes in Buddhism influence art in India?

The popularization of Buddhism led to the development of many forms of Buddhist sculpture and art, sponsored by those seeking religious favor, and to the development of Bodhisattvas as a subject for art.

  1. What advances in science and mathematics had been made in India about 500CE?

Astronomy was used to guide sailors at sea. A seven day calendar was developed with each day divided into hours. They used the shadow of the Earth on the moon to conclude that the Earth was round.Modern numerals, the zero, and decimals originated in India. A certain mathematician calculated the solar year as 365.3 days, which was nearly perfect.

  1. What were the economic and cultural links between India and Southeast India?

Some Indians would sail to southeast Asia to trade for spices. The increase of trade led to a lot of banking in India. These merchants made a lot of money when giving people loans and then charging interest for their loans. Some Indian merchants who travelled to southeast Asia as business trips brought a lot of Indian culture with them, including different styles in art , architecture, and dance.
Critical Thinking: Answer the following with a complete paragraph.

  1. Contrast Buddhism’s influence on India’s government with Confucianism’s influence on China’s government. Buddhism influenced Indias government by sending out missionaries.

Confucianism’s influence China’s government to have rules also respect the oldest.

  1. How significant were the Silk Roads to the economy of India? Defend your answer with text references.

Silk road bring out the things from India, this opened their economic, and also increased their economic.

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