Unit 2 Organizer: The American Revolution

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Unit 2 Organizer: The American Revolution

The Big Picture:

The British victory in the French and Indian War (1754-1763) brought additional lands in the West, but significant war debts as well. To pay this debt, the British parliament moved away from salutary neglect in favor of more strict colonial control. Colonial protest to new taxes, restrictions on colonial self-government, and influence from the European Enlightenment led to a colonial Declaration of Independence in 1776. During the American Revolution, the overmatched colonists found a leader in George Washington and badly-needed French assistance after the Battle of Saratoga. When the war ended, the Treaty of Paris in 1783 brought independence and the formation of the United States.

Last Unit:

Colonial History

Current Unit:

The American Revolution

Next Unit:

The New Nation

Key Terms and Phrases

  1. French and Indian War

  2. Treaty of Paris, 1763

  3. Proclamation of 1763

  4. Stamp Act

  5. Boston Massacre

  6. Boston Tea Party

  7. Coercive Acts/Intolerable Acts

  8. Sons and Daughters of Liberty

  9. Committees of Correspondence

  10. Enlightenment philosophes
    John Locke and Montesquieu

  11. Thomas Paine’s Common Sense

  12. “No taxation without representation”

  1. Salutary neglect

  2. Parliamentary Sovereignty

  3. Virtual Representation

  4. Thomas Jefferson’s
    Declaration of Independence

  5. George Washington

  6. Marquis de Lafayette

  7. Lord Cornwallis

  8. Lexington and Concord

  9. Valley Forge

  10. Saratoga

  11. Yorktown

  12. Treaty of Paris, 1783

Essentials Questions:

  1. In what ways did the French and Indian War (1754-1763) transform the relationship between Great British and her American colonies? (32 a, b)

  2. Why and how did the American colonists oppose the Sugar, Stamp, and Intolerable Acts? (32b, c)

  3. What impact did the ideas of the Enlightenment play in the American Revolution? (33a)

  4. What role did George Washington and Marquis de Lafayette play in the Revolutionary War? (33 b, c, d)

  5. What were the major provisions of the Treaty of Paris that ended the war in 1783? (33d)

Unit 2 Reading Guide: French and Indian War to REVOLUTION!
Chapter 3 Section 4

1. France and Great Britain came into conflict in the 1750s, fighting to control what part of North America?

2. About how many European settlers lived in New France by 1754?

3. Who commanded the Virginia militia on the expedition to force the French from Fort Duquesne?

4. Who was appointed Prime Minister in 1757, paving the way for British victory in the French and Indian War?

5. When did the French and Indian War end?

6. Why did the British government issue the Proclamation of 1763?

7. What act was passed by the British government in 1764 to increase tax revenues by taxing the American colonists and to limit the British policy of salutary neglect by increasing law enforcement in smuggling cases?

Chapter 4 Section 1 – Part I

8. Who, according to contemporary accounts, was the first to die at the Boston Massacre?

9. What was the purpose of the Stamp Act of 1765?

10. Who were the Sons of Liberty?

11. The first successful joint colonial action, taking place in October 1765, was known as the:

12. According to the Declaratory Act of 1766, what governing body “had the full right to bind the colonies and people of America…in all cases whatsoever?”

13. What was the basic difference between the Townshend Acts and the Stamp Act?

14. Who owned “The Liberty?”

Chapter 4 Section 1 – Part II

15. What was the primary task of the “committees of correspondence?”

16. The Tea Act of 1773, which lowered the price of tea, was an attempt to save what company from bankruptcy?

17. The Tea Act led to what event?

18. The Intolerable Acts of 1774 were designed to punish which British colony in North America?

19. Where and when did the First Continental Congress meet?

20. Why did the British march on Lexington and Concord in April 1775?

21. Who was given the responsibility of warning the colonists of the British march?

Chapter 4 Section 2

22. Who was the royal governor of New Jersey at the beginning of the American Revolution?

23. Who was given command of the Continental Army in June 1775?

24. What was the deadliest battle of the American Revolution?

25. What was the response of George III when he received the Olive Branch Petition in July 1775?

26. Who authored the pamphlet “Common Sense?”

27. What English philosopher was the source of much of Jefferson’s inspiration when writing the Declaration of Independence?

28. When did the Continental Congress vote to adopt the Declaration of Independence?

29. Which side did most Native Americans support during the American Revolution?
Chapter 4 Section 3

30. Why were the American victories at Trenton and Princeton (both in December 1776) important to the American war effort?

31. How was the American victory at Saratoga (October 1777) a turning point in the Revolution?

32. While the British were “wintering” at Philadelphia during the winter of 1777 – 1778, the Americans were camped…where?

33. Why was inflation a problem during the American Revolution?
Chapter 4 Section 4

34. Who commanded the British forces in the southern colonies during the American Revolution?

35. Why didn’t the British withdraw from Yorktown under the protection of the British fleet (the world’s most powerful)?

36. What countries were represented at the Paris Peace Conference?

37. Define egalitarianism:

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