The British victory in the French and Indian War (1754-1763) brought additional lands in the West, but significant war debts as well. To pay this debt, the British parliament moved away from salutary neglect in favor of more strict colonial control. Colonial protest to new taxes, restrictions on colonial self-government, and influence from the European Enlightenment led to a colonial Declaration of Independence in 1776. During the American Revolution, the overmatched colonists found a leader in George Washington and badly-needed French assistance after the Battle of Saratoga. When the war ended, the Treaty of Paris in 1783 brought independence and the formation of the United States.
In what ways did the French and Indian War (1754-1763) transform the relationship between Great British and her American colonies? (32 a, b)
Why and how did the American colonists oppose the Sugar, Stamp, and Intolerable Acts? (32b, c)
What impact did the ideas of the Enlightenment play in the American Revolution? (33a)
What role did George Washington and Marquis de Lafayette play in the Revolutionary War? (33 b, c, d)
What were the major provisions of the Treaty of Paris that ended the war in 1783? (33d)
Unit 2 Reading Guide: French and Indian War to REVOLUTION! Chapter 3 Section 4
1. France and Great Britain came into conflict in the 1750s, fighting to control what part of North America?
2. About how many European settlers lived in New France by 1754?
3. Who commanded the Virginia militia on the expedition to force the French from Fort Duquesne?
4. Who was appointed Prime Minister in 1757, paving the way for British victory in the French and Indian War?
5. When did the French and Indian War end?
6. Why did the British government issue the Proclamation of 1763?
7. What act was passed by the British government in 1764 to increase tax revenues by taxing the American colonists and to limit the British policy of salutary neglect by increasing law enforcement in smuggling cases?
Chapter 4 Section 1 – Part I
8. Who, according to contemporary accounts, was the first to die at the Boston Massacre?
9. What was the purpose of the Stamp Act of 1765?
10. Who were the Sons of Liberty?
11. The first successful joint colonial action, taking place in October 1765, was known as the:
12. According to the Declaratory Act of 1766, what governing body “had the full right to bind the colonies and people of America…in all cases whatsoever?”
13. What was the basic difference between the Townshend Acts and the Stamp Act?
14. Who owned “The Liberty?”
Chapter 4 Section 1 – Part II
15. What was the primary task of the “committees of correspondence?”