Unit 2 corrective: Greece, Rome & the Rise of Christianity in order to take form b, you must turn in this corrective multiple choice



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Name:_______________________________________ Date:__________________Class:___________
UNIT 2 CORRECTIVE: Greece, Rome & the Rise of Christianity

***IN ORDER TO TAKE FORM B, YOU MUST TURN IN THIS CORRECTIVE***
MULTIPLE CHOICE: Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 1. The city-state of Sparta was characterized by



a.

democratic institutions.

b.

an emphasis on temple worship.

c.

an emphasis on warfare.

d.

dependence upon the sea.

____ 2. Which of the following gods or goddesses was the deity of war?



a.

Athena

c.

Hera

b.

Apollo

d.

Ares

____ 3. Greeks tried to ensure that the gods and goddesses would protect them and their city-states by



a.

writing epics.

b.

building them homes on Mount Olympus.

c.

performing rituals and sacrifices.

d.

telling stories about their lives.

____ 4. The Battle of Salamis was significant because it



a.

finally exacted revenge for Darius’s defeat in Athens.

b.

made a small force of Spartans martyrs for the Greek cause.

c.

marked the first time the Spartans and Athenians cooperated in battle.

d.

stranded the Persian army in Greece without naval support.

____ 5. Which of the following historians examined his sources critically and excluded those that were unreliable?



a.

Herodotus

c.

Thucydides

b.

Homer

d.

Zenophon

____ 6. Which of the following playwrights wrote the tragedy about Oedipus?



a.

Aeschylus

c.

Aristophanes

b.

Sophocles

d.

Euripides

____ 7. Greek murals or wall paintings often



a.

realistically portrayed daily life.

b.

showed scenes from the Iliad and the Odyssey.

c.

illustrated the daily news.

d.

used Christian imagery.

____ 8. “What is truth?” is a question associated with



a.

Socrates.

c.

Aristotle.

b.

Homer.

d.

Aristophanes.

____ 9. Who took the throne in Macedonia after King Philip II was assassinated?



a.

Alexander

c.

Darius II

b.

Philip III

d.

Archimedes

____ 10. In the Hellenistic world, the city-state was replaced as the main political unit by the



a.

kingdom.

c.

assembly.

b.

polis.

d.

military.

Name:_______________________________________ Date:__________________Class:__________

____ 11. Alexander’s empire did not grow any larger because

a.

his generals began fighting for power.

c.

his soldiers wanted to return home.

b.

the Hindu Kush defeated him.

d.

he reached all his goals.

____ 12. New schools of philosophy developed during the Hellenistic period, in part because



a.

people sought ways to explain the violence and bloodshed of the period.

b.

people rejected the Greek gods.

c.

Alexander brought philosophers together from all over his empire.

d.

classical philosophy absorbed ideas from other cultures.

____ 13. Spartan society revolved around training for war because



a.

warfare was their favorite activity.

b.

Spartans feared helot rebellions.

c.

Spartans wanted to dominate the entire Mediterranean world.

d.

Spartans believed they could not achieve immortality without proving their bravery in battle.

____ 14. Which of the following gods or goddesses was the deity of wisdom?



a.

Athena

c.

Hera

b.

Apollo

d.

Ares

____ 15. Why did the Persian emperor Darius attack the Greek mainland?



a.

to gain control of Greece’s vast natural resources

b.

to exact revenge for the Athenians’ victory at Marathon

c.

to kidnap Helen, the beautiful queen of Athens

d.

to punish Athens for aiding the Ionians in their revolt against Persian rule

____ 16. Macedonia was able to take control of all of Greece in the 340s BC because



a.

the Persian Empire had soundly defeated Athens and Sparta.

b.

a terrible plague had weakened Athens and Sparta.

c.

a long cycle of warfare left all of Greece vulnerable to attack.

d.

Xerxes was a brilliant commander of the Macedonian army.

____ 17. Some of the earliest examples of Greek epic poetry were



a.

written by Aristophanes.

b.

the Iliad and the Odyssey.

c.

written by women.

d.

written for the festival of Dionysus.

____ 18. The Third Punic War was caused by



a.

Rome’s desire for revenge.

b.

Hannibal’s invasion of the countryside.

c.

Carthage’s resistance to Roman expansion.

d.

the assassination of Julius Caesar.

____ 19. Why did a group of senators murder Julius Caesar?



a.

because he was extremely unpopular with the Roman people

b.

to dismantle the Republic and return governing power to the monarchy

c.

because he was waging a civil war

d.

to prevent him from destroying the Roman Republic

____ 20. The statement “I found Rome built of bricks; I leave her clothed in marble” refers to



a.

the ambitious building program initiated under Hannibal’s rule.

b.

the development of massive rock quarries in the Italian countryside.

c.

the ambitious building program initiated under Augustus’s rule.

d.

the rebuilding of Rome after Carthage burned the city to the ground.

Name:_


Name

____ 21. The phrase “bread and circuses” referred to

a.

the weekly market held in the Forum.

b.

the free food and entertainment provided by the government to stave off rebellions by poor people.

c.

the reluctance of wealthy Romans to become involved in politics.

d.

the prosperity of the Roman Empire that allowed most Romans to live a life of leisure.

____ 22. The bishops of Rome claimed to have authority over all other bishops because



a.

they were seen as Peter’s spiritual heirs.

b.

they were descended from Jesus.

c.

they were seen as Paul’s spiritual heirs.

d.

Rome was the most powerful city in the Empire.

____ 23. Why did Constantine build a new capital?



a.

because the east was richer and better defended

b.

to escape the authority of the pope

c.

to commemorate the place where he experienced religious conversion

d.

because he had a huge budget surplus

____ 24. Which of the following was one of Diocletian’s reforms?



a.

He divided the empire in two.

b.

He provided free food and entertainment to Roman citizens.

c.

He issued the Edict of Milan.

d.

He issued the first written law code.

____ 25. Because the Law of the Twelve Tables were displayed, judges could not



a.

show partiality to non-Romans.

b.

discriminate against Etruscans.

c.

make decisions based on secret laws.

d.

preserve the status of plebeians.

____ 26. Why did Octavian adopt the title “first citizen”?



a.

to emphasize that he had more power than other magistrates

b.

to illustrate the duties of citizens in a republic

c.

to show that he was retiring from politics

d.

to avoid the title of king or emperor

____ 27. Wealthy Romans dominated politics during the Pax Romana because



a.

only patricians were allowed to hold office.

b.

public officials were not paid so only the wealthy could participate.

c.

most citizens were uninterested in politics.

d.

the Roman masses cared only about bread and circuses.

____ 28. Roman audiences enjoyed public entertainment



a.

in the Forum on Capitoline Hill.

c.

on the Palatine and Pont du Gard.

b.

in temples and at the Forum.

d.

in the Colosseum or at Circus Maximus.

____ 29. As a conquered people in the Roman Empire



a.

the Jews were forced to convert to Christianity.

b.

the Jews did not abandon monotheism.

c.

Jews were denied religious freedom.

d.

all Jews cooperated with Roman rule.



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