Unit 1 Renaissance and Reformation (Chapters 13, 14, and part of 15)

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AP European History

Unit 1 – Renaissance and Reformation (Chapters 13, 14, and part of 15)


In Class




Day 1

  • Introduction to course

  • Review syllabus

  • European Map Quiz

  • Purchase two 100-120 page spiral notebooks.  (The only assignments that will go in these notebooks will be the nightly reading comprehension questions and answers to the primary sources. Please highlight the questions, so that it is easier to grade.)

  • Purchase 11/2” to 2” 3-ring binder and notebook paper. (This will be used to keep lecture notes and handouts in.)

  • Check out Textbook – homework begins tomorrow.



Day 2

Answer all reading comprehension questions in your spiral notebook - put the date on the top of the page followed by the title of the section you are starting the homework on, and write down the questions and answers. Highlight the questions.
Read pp. 413-419 (to Intellectual Hallmarks of the Renaissance).

  1. What new social class developed in 12th-century Italy? How did the social class affect the movement toward republican government?

  2. What five powers dominated the Italian peninsula in the 15th century? How did the Italian city-states contribute to modern diplomacy?

  3. What did Dominican monk Savanarola have to say about Florence and the French? What happened to him?

  4. Why did Italy become a battleground for the European superpowers after 1494?



Day 3

  • Quiz on Academic Vocabulary

  • Lecture Machiavell’s The Prince & Sir Thomas More’s Utopia

Read pp. 419-426.

  1. How does the concept of individualism help explain the Renaissance?

  2. What is humanism? What do humanists emphasize?

  3. How did the Renaissance popes show a secular spirit?

  4. How was Renaissance art different from medieval art?

  5. How did Renaissance society regard artists?



Day 4

  • Discuss the difference between an argument and a thesis in an essay for AP Euro

  • Discuss tools for writing a proper historical essay

Read pp.427-432 (to Women and Work).

  1. Describe the influence of the Renaissance on the middle class compared to the elite.

  2. Explain the importance of Castiglione’s The Courtier.

  3. Explain the significance of Machiavelli’s The Prince.



Day 5

  • Essay Outline prompt: Machiavelli’s concepts on leadership, religion, and the military are much more realistic compared to Thomas More’s ideas. Defend or refute (disprove) this statement.

  • Quiz on Friday (there will be a quiz every Thursday or Friday that covers the reading for that week.  All quizzes will be open note, but the notes must have your name on the tope right-hand corner of every page – in pen.  If your name is not written in pen at the top of the page then you will not be allowed to use the notes). Open note means that you can use all lecture notes, comprehension questions and answers, and outlines.

Read pp. 432-438 (to Renaissance in the North)

  1. In what ways did life for upper-class women change during the Renaissance?

  2. Why were blacks valued in Renaissance society? What roles did they play in the economic and social life of the times?

Finish outline – due tomorrow

(every essay outline must include on the top two or three lines - your name, period, essay outline number, and the essay prompt/question written out)  ESSAY OUTLINES DO NOT GO IN YOUR SPIRAL NOTEBOOK - ALL OF THE ESSAY OUTLINES WILL BE PAPERCLIPPED TOGETHER AND TURNED IN ON THE DAY OF THE TEST



Day 6

  • Humanism in Art

  • Humanism table to help with essay

  • Ideals of the Renaissance implemented into its art

Read pp. 438-447

  1. How did the Renaissance in the North differ from that of Italy?

  2. Discuss Christian humanism by describing the works and ideas of Thomas More and Desiderius Erasmus?

  3. What were the obstacles to royal authority faced by the kings of France in the 15th century? How did Charles VII and his successors strengthen the French monarchy?

  4. Why was the Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges important?

  5. Explain the significance of the Concordat of Bologna.

  6. What were the achievements of Ferdinand and Isabella in the areas of national power and national expansion?

  7. Who were the New Christians (converses) in Spain and why were they ultimately killed or expelled?



Day 7

  • Essay outline prompt: Analyze the influence of humanism on the visual arts in the Italian Renaissance. Use at least THREE specific works to support your analysis. (#5 2004)

Finish outline – due tomorrow

  • Primary Source – Christine de Pizan - The Book of the City of Ladies: “Against those Men who Claim it is Not Good for Women to be Educated”, 1404

  • Primary Source – Account of an Italian Jew Expelled from Spain, 1492

Questions and answers go in spiral notebook as if they were reading comprehension questions.  Put the title at the top of the page.



Day 8

  • Discuss Primary Sources

  • Discuss Essay outline

  • Essay outline prompt: Discuss how Renaissance ideas are expressed in the Italian art of the period, referring to specific works and artists. (#7 1998)



Day 9

  • Open note quiz on reading.

  • Quiz Discuss Erasmus’s In Praise of Folly

  • Primary Source - Erasmus's In Praise of Folly - Questions and answers go in spiral notebook as if they were reading comprehension questions.  Put the title at the top of the page.



Day 10

  • Discuss More and Erasmus and importance of N. Humanists

  • Quiz on Friday

 Read pp. 453-459 (Beginning of chapter to Protestant Thought)

  1. What were some of the signs of disorder within the early 16th-century church? What impact did church wealth have on the condition of the church?

  2. What were some of the signs of religious vitality in 15th and early 16th century society?

  3. What circumstances prompted Luther to post his Ninety-Five Theses?

  4. Describe the practice of indulgence selling. What authority did Luther question and on what argument did he base his position?

  5. Who called the Diet of Worms?  What was its result?

  6. Who was Ulrich Zwingli?  How were his beliefs similar to Luther?  How were they different?



Day 11

Lecture - Protestant Reformation --Martin Luther's influence 

Read pp. 459-466 (Protestant Thought to Germany and the Protestant Reformation)

  1. What were Luther’s answers, as delineated in the Confession of Augsburg, to the four basic theological issues?

  2. Regarding the Eucharist, how were the Catholic Church, Luther, and Zwingli's beliefs different?

  3. Explain the two late medieval developments that prepared the way for Luther's ideas.

  4. Why were there several peasant rebellions in 15th century Germany and how did Luther contribute to unrest in the 1520's?

  5. Explain Luther's thoughts about the German Peasants' Revolt from An Admonition to Peace to Against the Murderous Thieving  Hordes of the Peasants.  Can Luther be considered a social revolutionary or not?

  6. What was explained in Luther's two catechisms and why were the catechisms important?



Day 12

  • Lecture - Protestant Reformation --Martin Luther's influence 

  • Primary Source:  Twelve Articles of the Peasants of Swabia

  • Primary Source – Luther: Admonition to Peace



Day 13

  • Essay Outline prompt: Describe and analyze the ways in which the development of printing altered both the culture and the religion of Europe during the period 1450-1600. (#2 1988)

  • Additional reading about the printing press

Take a look at the Christianity chart - no questions, but it might help out in your understanding



Day 14

  • Open Note Quiz

  • Hand back quizzes and go over them

  • Discuss Essay outline

  • Lecture - Protestant Reformation --Martin Luther's influence 

Read pp. 466-470 (Germany and the Protestant Ref. to The Growth of the Protestant Reformation)

  1. Explain the territorial reaches of Emperor Charles V.

  2. What were Luther's basic beliefs in his Appeal to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation?

  3. For those princes that weren't religious, why would they be proponents of Lutheranism?

  4. Why was the condemnation of Luther in 1521 at Worms not enforced by the German nobility? What was the result?

  5. What events were keeping Emperor Charles V from focusing entirely on the Lutheran revolt?



Day 15

  • Lecture - Protestant Reformation --Martin Luther's influence 

Read pp. 470-473 (up to English Reformation)

  1. What were the basic tenets of Calvin's theology?

  2. Why was Calvin’s Geneva called “the city that was a church”? What is a theocracy?

  3. Using Michael Servetus as an example, what happened to heretics in Geneva?

  4. What was the role of women in Geneva?

  5. In what ways were the Anabaptists radical for their time? Why did many of their beliefs cause them to be bitterly persecuted?



Day 16

  • Lecture - Protestant Reformation --Martin Luther's influence 

Read 473-477 (up to The Catholic Reformation and Counter Reformation)

  1. Discuss the Lollards beliefs.

  2. Why would Pope Clement VII not annul Henry VIII and Catherine's marriage?

  3. How did the Act in Restraint of Appeals and the Supremacy Act help Henry VIII?

  4. How did the English population react to Henry VIII's reformation?

  5. What is the Book of Common Prayer?

  6. What were the causes and results of the English Reformation?

  7. Why was Mary Tudor's nickname "Bloody Mary?"

  8. Explain the religious problem Queen Elizabeth I encountered when she first ruled England?

  9. What was the Elizabethan Settlement?

  10. How did John Knox bring Protestantism to Scotland?

  11. In Eastern Europe, in what country/territory did Lutheranism seem to have its strongest hold?  Why?

Optional Read - The Reign of Elizabeth I (extra credit)



Day 17

  • Read pp. 477-484 (to the end of the chapter)



Day 18

  • Essay outline prompt: To what extent did political authorities influence the course of the Protestant Reformation in the sixteenth century (#2 2002 Form B)



Day 19

  • Open Note Quiz possibility

  • Lecture - English Reformation and Catholic Church Reformation

Read pp. 512-519 (up to Literature and Art)

  1. What did reformers think about women's role in society?

  2. How did Catholics and Protestants differ in their views of marriage?  How were they the same?

  3. What was the social status of women between 1560-1648?

  4. What do the witch hunts tell us about social attitudes toward women?

  5. What were the origins of North American racism?

  6. What were the benefits of belonging to a convent?

  7. What happened to nuns who left the convent as a result of the Reformation?



Day 20

  • Discuss Essay outline

  • Lecture - English Reformation and Catholic Church Reformation

Essay Outline Prompt: Describe and analyze the ways in which sixteenth-century Roman Catholics defended their faith against the Protestant Reformation. (#2 1991)



Day 21

  • Discuss Essay outline

  • Review Game

Review for test

Gather all of the Unit 1 essay outlines together and PAPER CLIP them together DO NOT STAPLE THEM



Day 22

  • Essay Test for all periods (essay will consist of 2 essay choices, you choose 1. All essay choices will come from essay outlines 1-6 that we have done previously)

Review for test



Day 23

  • Multiple Choice Test [50 multiple choice questions (40 minutes)]

No Homework



Day 24

Discuss test results

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