Genocide, the systematic destruction of a group of people, associated most readily with the Holocaust, tragically remains a major global issue today. Despite the lessons learned from planned exterminations such as the Armenian Massacre, the international response was limited in subsequent genocides in countries like Cambodia and Rwanda. This show defines genocide, explores the nature and causes of the crime, and shows students how the world community attempts to monitor global conditions and prevent future atrocities.
Grades: 9 to Adults
Genocide: worse than war PBS 1:54:17
Watch Daniel Goldhagen's ground breaking documentary focused on the worldwide phenomenon of genocide, which premiered on PBS on April 14, 2010.
"By the most fundamental measure -- the number of people killed -- the perpetrators of mass murder since the beginning of the twentieth century have taken the lives of more people than have died in military conflict. So genocide is worse than war," reiterates Goldhagen. "This is a little-known fact that should be a central focus of international politics, because once you know it, the world, international politics, and what we need to do all begin to look substantially different from how they are typically conceived."
WORSE THAN WAR documents Goldhagen¹s travels, teachings, and interviews in nine countries around the world, bringing viewers on an unprecedented journey of insight and analysis. In a film that is highly cinematic and evocative throughout, he speaks with victims, perpetrators, witnesses, politicians, diplomats, historians, humanitarian aid workers, and journalists, all with the purpose of explaining and understanding the critical features of genocide and how to finally stop it.
1915 The Armenian Genocide 60 minutes
Based on the eyewitness accounts of four survivors, this film takes a journey through their ancestral lands in the final hours of the Armenian Civilization…Their compelling story of survival and death sets the timeline into the “Anatomy of the First Genocide”
The Armenian Genocide - The Critically Acclaimed PBS Documentary by Emmy Award Winner Andrew Goldberg (2006) 60 minutes PG
The Armenian Genocide is the complete story of the first Genocide of the 20th century - when over a million Armenians died at the hands of the Ottoman Turks during World War I. This unprecedented and powerful one-hour documentary, which aired April 17th, 2006 on PBS, was written, directed and produced by Emmy Award-winning producer Andrew Goldberg of Two Cats Productions, in association with Oregon Public Broadcasting. Featuring interviews with the leading experts in the field and this film features never-before-seen historical footage of the events and key players of one of the greatest untold stories of the 20th century.
Unit II - Holocaust
Nazi Book Burning United States Holocaust Memorial Museum 9:42
On May 10, 1933, German students under the Nazi regime burned tens of thousands of books nationwide. These book burnings marked the beginning of a period of extensive censorship and control of culture in Adolf Hitler's escalating reign of terror.
In this short film, a Holocaust survivor, an Iranian author, an American literary critic, and two Museum historians discuss the Nazi book burnings and why totalitarian regimes often target culture, particularly literature.
Into The Arms Of Strangers - Stories Of The Kindertransport (2000) PG 120 min
The story of how Jewish children were sent to Great Britain by their parents during World War II to protect them from Hitler.
German Death Camp Treblinka - Survivor Stories 58:51
The dark heart of the Nazi holocaust, Treblinka was an extermination camp where over 800,000 Polish Jews perished from 1942. Only two men can bear final witness to its terrible crimes. Samuel Willenberg and Kalman Taigman were slave labourers who escaped in a dramatic revolt in August 1943. One would seek vengeance in the 1944 Warsaw Uprising, while the other would appear in the sensational trial of Adolf Eichmann in 1961. This film documents their amazing survivor stories and the tragic fate of their families, and offers new insights into a forgotten death camp.
Hidden in Silence (1996) 90 minutes
Przemysl, Poland, WWII. Germany emerges victorious over the Russians, and the city comes under Nazi control. The Jewish are sent to the ghettos. While some stand silent, Catholic teenager Stefania Podgorska (portrayed by ER'sKellie Martin as Fusia) chooses the role of a savior and sneaks 13 Jews into her attic. Every day, she risks detection--and immediate execution--by smuggling food and water to the silent group living above her. And when two German nurses are assigned to her living quarters, the chances of discovery become dangerously high. This is the true story of a young woman's selfless commitment and unwavering resolve in the face of war.
American Experience - America and the Holocaust (2005) PBS 90 minutes
In 1937, Kurt Klein immigrated to the United States from Germany to escape the growing discrimination against Jews that had become a terrible fact of life following Hitler’s rise to power. Klein worked hard to establish himself so that he could obtain safe passage for his parents out of Germany. But, like other American Jews, he struggled with State Department red tape and indifference as he sought to rescue his family.
Americans were becoming aware of the stories coming out of Europe about a campaign to force Jews out of Germany and about the horrors of Kristallnacht in 1938. But American society had political, economic, and social problems of its own, including serious unemployment brought on by the Depression and long-standing--and rising--anti-Semitism. Over 100 anti-Semitic organizations blanketed the U.S. with propaganda, businesses refused to hire Jews, and certain hotels and clubs proudly proclaimed themselves ''Restricted.'' Even the government was not immune from anti-Semitic sentiments.
America and the Holocaust paint’s a troubling picture of the U.S. during a period beset by anti-Semitism. It reveals a government that not only delayed action but also suppressed information and blocked efforts that could have resulted in the rescue of hundreds of thousands of people, including the family of Kurt Klein.
They looked Away narrated by Mike Wallace 2004 53 minutes
This documentary grapples with the profound questions about Allied inactions during the Holocaust. Did we “know” the gas chambers were there? Could we have destroyed them? Why didn’t we? This addresses significant issues of guilt, responsibility and moral courage. This combines interviews with heroic camp survivors, scholars and crucially, WWII pilots, bombardiers and photo interpreters directly involved in Allied missions over Auschwitz and Buchenwald.
Nuremberg: Tyranny On Trial 1995, A&E Television Networks 46:11
World War II didn't end on the battlefield--it ended in a courtroom. The Nuremberg Trials bore witness to some of humanity's darkest hours and revealed the full scope of the atrocities of Nazism, culminating in the execution of many top Nazi leaders.
Unit III – Khmer Rouge of Cambodia
Cambodia Killing Fields by CNN
CNN's Dan Rivers profiles members of the Khmer Rouge, as they face justice before a U.N.-backed trial.
By Dara Duong, founder of the Cambodian Cultural Museum and Killing Fields Memoerial in Seattle, WA. The story of his five family members killed when he was 5 years old.
Unit IV – Genocide in Yugoslavia
1999 - a documentary about Kosovo War and ethnic cleansing 10:16
This is a documentary about Kosovo War, ethnic cleansing that followed, and the efforts of the Canadian government to shelter and assist 7000 of circa one million Albanian refugees expelled from their land by the Serbian military forces.
The Death Of Yugoslavia Wars Of Independence BBC 6 parts on Youtube
The Death of Yugoslavia is a BBC documentary series first broadcast in 1995, and is also the name of a book written by Allan Little and Laura Silber that accompanies the series. It covers the collapse of the former Yugoslavia. It is notable in its combination of never-before-seen archive footage interspersed with interviews of most of the main players in the conflict, including Slobodan Milošević, Radovan Karadžić, Franjo Tuđman and Alija Izetbegović. The series was awarded with a BAFTA award in 1996 for Best Factual Series. Because of the series large amount of interviews with prominent leaders and commanders of the conflict, it has been frequently used by ICTY in war crimes prosecutions.
Unit V – Genocide in Rwanda
Defying Genocide: Choices that saved lives USHMM 19 minutes
Whenever genocide has occurred, individuals have risked their own lives to save others. How can their courage inspire us to defy genocide?
The story of how Simone Weil Lipman was able to save thousands of Jewish children during the Holocaust is a starting point for an exploration of what it takes to defy genocide. This film focuses on Damas Gisimba, director of a small orphanage in Rwanda that was besieged by militias during the 1994 genocide. Learn how Gisimba, with the help of American aid worker Carl Wilkens, managed to protect, care for, and save some 400 people.
Rwanda - Do Scars Ever Fade? (2008)A&E Home Video 70 minutes
This special presents the complex and riveting story of Rwanda and provides a complete history and in-depth look at the propaganda campaign that is crucial to understanding how genocide leaders got ordinary citizens to participate in the killing. And we look at today's almost impossible situation of how to deal with justice and reconciliation. In addition to expert commentary, we relate personal stories that illustrate the larger picture.
Unit VI – Genocide in Darfur and Sudan
Darfur Now (2007) PG 98 minutes
This acclaimed, inspiring documentary follows six people who are striving to end the suffering in Sudan’s war-ravaged Darfur. The six – an American activist, an international prosecutor, a Sudanese rebel, a sheikh, a leader of the World Food Program, and Don Cheadle, who traverses the globe with fellow actor George Clooney to pressure world leaders – demonstrate the power of one individual to make extraordinary changes. Be an eyewitness to the tragedy and the triumphs, the fear and the pride. Meet the refugees, determined to return to their beloved homeland.
Facing Sudan (Special Edition) 2008 90 minutes
Brian Burns is a seemingly ordinary person. When we meet him, he is sweeping the floors in a suburban high school. But looks can be deceiving. Brian has a story to tell. It is a story of suffering. It is a story of death. It is a story of refugees running for cover at the ominous sound of a plane engine. But it is also the story of strength, courage and hope.
It is the story of Sudan. Told through the eyes of ordinary people, living seemingly ordinary lives, Facing Sudan is truly about the Sudanese people struggling to survive. It is the story of the countless thousands who live day to day in refugee camps. It is the story of the world's reaction to the atrocities and violence in that war-torn African nation.
The film demonstrates that seemingly ordinary individuals can do extraordinary things.
A custodian. A housewife. A pediatrician. A grandmother.