Unit – Civil Rights

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U.S. History

Unit – Civil Rights

Required Reading: Call to Freedom Chapter 18.4 pp. 554-559 and Chapter 20 pp. 594-619
Unit Description: In this unit we will study how a period of post-war prosperity allowed the United States to undergo fundamental social change. African-Americans, Mexican Americans, American Indians and women distinguished themselves in the effort to win World War II. Following the war, moveements began to secure the same freedoms and opportunities for these Americans that other Americans enjoyed.
Unit Objectives: The student will be able to:

  • Explain how Jim Crows laws institutionalized racial discrimination.

  • Explain how civil disobedience differs from other forms of dissent and evaluate its application and consequences during the Civil Rights Movement.

  • Explain how Plessy v. Ferguson and Brown v. Board of Education cases impacted the Civil Rights Movement.

  • Identify tactics used by Civil Rights organizations and advocates.

  • Explain how the Civil Rights movement impacted other movements for minority groups.

  • Identify and explain the reasons for the creation of the following organizations

    • The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

    • Student Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)

    • Student Nonviolent Coordinating Convention (SNCC)

    • National Urban League (NUL)

    • National Organization of Women (NOW)

    • National Congress of American Indians (NCAI)

    • American Indian Movement (AIM)

    • United Farm Workers (UFW)

Unit Review
Unit Terms: Define each of the following terms. You will be quizzed on your knowledge of them. They will also be useful for review.

Vocabulary Chapter 18.4

  1. Jim Crow Laws

  2. Plessy v. Ferguson

  3. “separate but equal”

  4. Ku Klux Klan

  5. Committee on Civil Rights

  6. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

  7. Thurgood Marshall

  8. Brown v. Board of Education

  9. Little Rock Nine

  10. Rosa Parks

  11. Montgomery Bus Boycott

  12. Martin Luther King Jr.

  13. Southern Christian Leadership Conference

Vocabulary Chapter 20

  1. sit-in

  2. affirmative action

  3. Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)

  4. Southern Christian Leadership Committee (SCLC)

  5. Freedom Rides

  6. Civil Rights Act of 1964

  7. Freedom Summer

  8. Voting Rights Act of 1965

  9. Malcolm X

  10. Black Power

  11. University of California v. Bakke

  12. César Chávez

  13. United Farm Workers (UFW)

  14. Chicano movement

  15. Mexican American Youth Movement

  16. Voting Rights Act of 1975

  17. feminism

  18. Commission on the Status of Women

  19. Equal Pay Act

  20. Betty Friedan

  21. The Feminine Mystique

  22. National Organization of Women (NOW)

  23. Shirley Chisholm

  24. Gloria Steinem

  25. Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)

  26. ageism

  27. Indian Civil Rights Act

  28. American Indian Movement (AIM)

  29. Russell Means

  30. Education for All Handicapped Children Act

  31. Gray Panthers

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