Unification of Italy 1815-1870



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Unification of Italy 1815-1870

Using this sheet complete a time line that outlines all of the events that lead to the unification of Italy. Keep in mind the underlying themes of the Nineteenth Century and remember that events that take place in other parts of Europe may also effect the Unification of Italy.



Date Event Significance in Furthering Unification

1820’s Risogimento

1830’s Carbonari

1831 Joseph Mazzini’s Young Italy

1848, Jan Sicily - Revolt

Naples, Tuscany, Piedmont,

Papal Sates expel Austrian Rulers

1848, March Sardinia-Piedmont Declare War on Austria

1849, Feb Establishment of Roman Republic

Giuseppe Mazzini, G. Garibaldi

1849, July Conservative Crushing of Roman Republic
1852 Count Cavour becomes Prime

Minister of Sardinia


1852 - 1861 Count Cavour Liberalizes Sardinia

Realpolitik

1855 Sardinia joins in Crimean War


1859, July Count Cavour enters alliance with Napoleon III

Plombrieres Agreement

1860 Sardinia Annexes most of Northern Italy


1860, May Garabaldi lands in Sicily, Red Shirts

by Sept has Naples and Kingdom of Two Sicilies

1861, Feb Victor Emanuel II Declared King of Italy

1866 Venetia incorporated w/help of Bismark


1870 France pulls troops from Rome

(Franco-Prussian War)
1871 Annexation of Rome Completion of the Italian Nation State

Rome Becomes Capital of Italy



Unification of Germany 1815-1870

Using this sheet complete a time line that outlines all of the events that lead to the unification of Germany (German speaking peoples). Keep in mind the underlying themes of the Nineteenth Century and remember that events that take place in other parts of Europe may also effect the Unification of Germany.


Date Event Significance in Furthering Unification

1784 J.G. Herder True German Culture must arise from the

Common people
1830’s Volkgeist Movement
1830 German students protest

Carlsbad Decrees
1848 Frankfurt Assembly called for Reform

kleindeutsch vs. Grossdeutsch
1849, April Frederick William IV rejects being Emperor

Gov’t to Liberal

1850 “Humiliation of Olmutz

1860’s Otto von Bismark becomes principal

advisor to Hohenzollern William I

1863 Schleswig-Holstein revolts against Danish Rule

1864 Conflicts arise between Prussia and Austria

1866 The Seven Weeks War (German Civil War)

1866 Aug Peace of Prague

1867 Northern German Confederation formed

1870 Ems Dispatch

1870-71 Franco-Prussian War

1871 May Treaty of Frankfurt

1871 Jan. Bismarck proclaimed the German Empire



William I - Emperor of Germany

Bismark - Imperial Chancellor

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