Unc jane Austen Summer School Bibliography for Robert Clark’s talk on Enclosures and Political Economy



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UNC Jane Austen Summer School

Bibliography for Robert Clark’s talk on Enclosures and Political Economy

  1. Hampshire Enclosures; Austen and Enclosures

Chapman, John, and Sylvia Seeliger. Enclosure, Environment and Landscape in Southern England 2001.

Chapman, John, and Sylvia Seeliger. “Formal agreements and the Enclosure Process: The Evidence from Hampshire”.. The Agricultural History Review; Vol 43 part 1.1995.

Chapman, John, and Sylvia Seeliger. Formal and Informal Enclosures in Hampshire 1700-1900. Hampshire Papers No 12, 1997. 24pp. [A useful introductory pamphlet which can be ordered from the HRO.]

Chapman, John, and Sylvia Seeliger .A Guide to Enclosure in Hampshire, 1700-1900. Winchester: Hampshire County Council, 1997. 40pp. [A complete list of private enclosures and parliamentary enclosures.]

Clark, Robert. 2004. “Jane Austen and the Enclosures” in England's Green and Pleasant Land edited by W M Verhoeven and Amanda Gilroy. Leuven, NL: Peeters, pp. 105-24.

Huxley, Victoria. Jane Austen and Adlestrop: Her Other Family. Adlestrop: Windrush Publishing, 2013. [A well-researched work by a non-professional and the only discussion of the Adlestrop enclosure other than my own.]



  1. General History of Enclosures

Ashby, M.K., Joseph Ashby of Tysoe, 1859-1919. Cambridge University Press, 1961 rpt Merlin Press, 1974 [Rather like the Hammonds work below – patently socialist, at times naïve, and a successful and informed evocation of a world we have lost.]

Hammond, J. L. and B, The Village Labourer, 1760-1832 (1911; rpt Harlow: Longman, 1978). [An old-school socialist book written before the Russian revolution, now criticised for its nostalgia and its unremitting hostility to the enclosers, but a voice that speaks strongly from a past that has now been erased from memory.]

Martin, J. M. "The Parliamentary Enclosure Movement and Rural Society in Warwickshire," Agricultural History Review, 15 (1967) [to understand the Leigh enclosures at Adlestrop].

Martins, Susanna Wade. Farmers, Landlords and Landscapes,: Rural Britain, 1720to 1870. Macclesfield, Cheshire: Windgather Press, 2004. [Probably the best introduction to the topic available today.]

Mingay, G.E. English Landed Society in the Eighteenth Century (London, 1963). [At times a patrician view, but still one of the most clear headed accounts of this entire area.]

Tate, W. E. A Domesday of English Enclosure Acts and Awards. Ed. M. E. Turner. Reading: University of Reading, 1978. [A detailed list of enclosure acts.]

Thompson, E. P. The Making of the English Working Class (1963; rpt Penguin Books, 1980

Turner, Michael. English Parliamentary Enclosure: Its Historical Geography and Economic History. Dawson, Kent and Archon Books, Connecticut, 1980. [Before Martins, the best introduction.]



  1. denial of the politics and economics of sustenance

LeFaye, Deirdre 2007). Jane Austen’s Steventon Alton: Jane Austen Society. [No mention is made of local enclosures, nor of George Austen’s farming activity.]

LeFaye, Deirdre. (2013) A Chronology of Jane Austen and her Family, 1600-2000. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, Revd. Edn. [Which finds it valuable to inform the reader that James Austen bought some wallpaper on 14 June 1794 and that on 28 September 1794 the Revd. Thomas Leigh wrote to Lord Hawke asking his help in getting promotion for Frances Austen, but not valuable to make any mention of the Leigh enclosures.]

LeFaye, Deirdre. (2014) Jane Austen’s Country Life: Uncovering the Rural Background to her life, her Letters and her Novels. London: Frances Lincoln, 2014. [Notwithstanding the subtitle of this work (which is probably just publisher’s guff, but nonetheless significant for all that), LeFaye mentions enclosure on pages 12-13, and uses for ornamental purposes the Upper Clapton map. which has been widely available since 1997 when it was printed on the cover of Champman and Seeliger Hampshire Paper, No. 12. She does not appear to have read the paper it covers, nor does she mention the Leigh enclosures, nor of the engagement of the Austen’s friends in enclosure. She finally mentions George Austen’s farming activity, calling him “practical and enterprising”, but does not discuss his investments farming or his income from it (fully detailed in my essay "Agriculture", Jane Austen in Context, edited Janet Todd. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005, pp 185-193). She closes off such consideration with a quotation about the “pleasing and pastoral … scenery” of Steventon. Particularly through her deployment of the word “pastoral”, LeFaye thus demonstrates the need for this part of British literary culture to be insulated from the material culture which made it possible. The word pastoral implies the idealization of country life, the antithesis of enclosures.]



  1. Maps from the Hampshire Record Office

Man of Upper Clatford manor, near Andover in Hampshire, by John Reynolds, 1733. HRO 117M93/1

Map of the manor of Compton, the estate of Sir William Heathcote, Bt, by William Burgess, dated 1735. HRO 36M66/93.



Steventon Tithe Map, 1840. HRO. 21M65/F7/223/2

[Feel free to email RobertClark@LitEncyc.com with queries and suggestions.]


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