U. S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs 810 Seventh Street, N. W. Washington, D. C. 20531 Janet Reno

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1968 Indian Civil Rights Act - This act was passed as the first major piece of legislation enacted during the post-termination era that dealt specifically with Indian matters. A relevant and significant part of the act prohibited states from assuming jurisdiction over Indian Country, under Public Law 280, without first obtaining tribal consent (Deloria and Lytle, 1983). “Self determination” is a catch-all term that covers a variety of concepts including tribal restoration, self-government, cultural renewal, reservation resource development, self-sufficiency, control over education, and equal or controlling input into all policies and programs arising from the Native American-federal government trust relationship (Waldman, 1985). Tribes have the power to initiate the process of controlling the nature of the programs available to them from federal programs. Some assumed this act actually hindered tribal services rather than helped since programs began to be dismantled as disbursement of federal funds to individual tribes limited the amount of funds to maintain federal programs.

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