1950 – 1968 -Relocation - During this period several programs were initiated through the Bureau of Indian Affairs that relocated American Indians from their reservation or tribal area to an urban setting. The intent was to move this population into the mainstream economy by resettling them in industrial or commercial areas in major cities. The outcome was that most individuals had limited marketing skills and could not compete with the working poor in those urban communities. As a result, this relocation project did not have the desired outcome, rather families migrated to and from reservation settings or became enmeshed in the new social service programs offered by federal or state funded programs. A few families were successful but for the majority of Indian families the relocation into a metropolitan environment did not prove to be beneficial. It was out of these generations of families who remain in the urban areas and the natural migration from rural to urban, that urban Indian centers and clinics emerged.