Types of gangs



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WHAT IS A GANG?pretty gangsta myself.jpg

  • According to the FBI, a gang is a “group of three or more individuals bonded together by race, national origin, culture or territory, who associate on a continual basis for the purpose of committing criminal acts”


TYPES OF GANGS

  1. Hedonistic” gangs

-Mostly social groups

-Main focus is partying (getting drunk or high)

-If violence occurs it is usually over the “right” to party and not over “turf”


  1. Instrumental” gangs

-These gangs are likely to commit crimes against property rather than crimes against people (e.g. Car thefts or burglaries)

-Main motivation is moneyhttp://3.bp.blogspot.com/-fsjm6yoypss/upgjooxgnli/aaaaaaaaakk/iqeljtm_rwk/s1600/sons_of_anarchy_60499.png



  1. Predatory” gangs

-Considered social predators, meaning they commit violent crimes against people (e.g. Drive-by shootings, organized drug deals, carjacking)

-Tend to use drugs that enhance violent behaviour including crystal meth or crack

-They associate fear as a way to achieve domination and control

gangsigns.jpg


WHY DO PEOPLE JOIN GANGS?


  • Identity

  • Discipline

  • Recognition

  • Love

  • Belonging

  • Money

  • Safety


GANG FACTS

  • Gangs have been around for hundreds of years

  • Pirates are often considered one of the first organized bad gangs

  • Street gangs exist in large urban centres, smaller cities, suburbs and even rural areas

  • Gangs usually prey on each other or other gangs, not on outsidersthe-pirates.jpg

  • Street gangs typically fight or defend particular areas known as “turf”

  • Some gangs have formalized rules and operations however, most are loose associations of young people

  • Young people join gangs because of racism, poverty or lack of love and support at home

  • The media has promoted gang culture through film, news, and music; glorifying the underbelly of gang culture including drugs, sex, and violence as a way to attain wealth and power

  • The Bloods and the Crips are modern day gangs that originated in the 1960s and are highly organized


GANG CLOTHING & STYLESeasy-e.jpg

Gang members often wear clothes or clothing items that will distinguish themselves from others or send a message. Some clothing items, such as bandanas may be obvious, whereas other items may have a more subtle message. The more common items you may see is for example a blue bandana worn on the head or hanging out of a pocket to signify a “Crip” member or red bandana for “Blood”. Gang members will also wear certain manufacturer clothing such as Calvin Klein because the letters CK on the front of the t-shirt can signify “Crip Killer” in the gang culture.


GRAFFITI

Some call it urban expression, however unless you have the permission of the owner of the property, spraying an object/ wall is a criminal offence; mischief. Not all graffiti is gang related. Gangs do however use graffiti to communicate:

- Send a message to other gangs;http://cdn.newsday.com/polopoly_fs/1.1806446.1268344338!/image/1117666510.jpg_gen/derivatives/display_600/1117666510.jpg

- Stake out their territory;



- Communicate and instill fear in the community.

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