Part 2, Section 1: Selected Correspondence, 1931-1974
(Reels 40-84) Part 2, Section 2: Selected Correspondence, 1931-1974
From the holdings of the
Manuscript and Archives Division of Sterling Memorial Library at Yale University,
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an imprint of the Gale Group
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Collection Overview……………………………………………………….……………. v
Introduction to the Collection………………………………………………………….. viii
Honors and Awards……………………………………………………………………. xix
Editorial Notes………………………………………………………………………… xxi
Reel Index: Part 2, Section 1……….…………………………………………………. xxii
Reel Index: Part 2, Section 2……….…………………………………………………xxiii
Walter Lippmann Papers: Part 2, Section 1………………………………………...…… 1
Walter Lippmann Papers, Part 2, Section 2……………………………………………110
For almost seventy-five years of this century Walter Lippmann knew and corresponded with a great many men and women in most parts of the world who were deeply involved in and helped shape the course of events. His papers, starting in 1906 with his undergraduate years at Harvard and ending with his death in 1974 at the age of eighty-five, constitute an important contribution to the history of our own time. They give a picture of the public life of this century from the angle of vision of an author, editor, journalist and political philosopher. In the political drama, Walter Lippmann was back stage, on stage, and among the critics in the stalls.
The Walter Lippmann Papers (MS. Group No. 326), consisting of 115 linear feet of correspondence and other types of material, are divided into the following ten series:
Because of the volume of the papers, the first four series are divided into the periods 1906 - 1930 and 1931 - 1974. The year 1931 was considered a logical series break because Walter Lippmann’s career as an editor ended with the demise of the New York World in February and his career as a columnist for the New York Herald Tribune began in September. A description of the content and arrangement of each of the ten series immediately precedes the folder listing for the series in this register.
Researchers should be aware that there are two Walter Lippmann manuscript groups at the Yale Library, with separate registers. The group described above, and in this register, is known as the Walter Lippmann Papers, Manuscript Group Number 326. The second is known as the Robert O. Anthony Collection of Walter Lippmann, Manuscript Group 766. The distinction between the two is that Group 326 consists of Lippmann’s personal papers and manuscripts of his writings, while Group 766 is, in general, a collection of his published work. Between the two collections, probably no other journalist and few public figures will have had a career so carefully and completely documented for the historian of the future.
It is worth noting that only materials from Series I, III, V, VII, and portions of a separate group recently acquired by the Manuscripts and Archives Division of Sterling Memorial Library at Yale University have been included in the microform edition of The Walter Lippmann Papers. Accession
The Walter Lippmann Papers (MS Group No. 326, Manuscripts and Archives) became the property of the Yale University Library by deed of gift in July, 1944. Inasmuch as the 1940s were probably the busiest years of his career as author and columnist, Lippmann needed his files for reference purposes, and it was not until 1963, some twenty years later, that the papers were actually removed from his home in Washington, D.C., and deposited in the Yale Library.
As early as 1941 Walter Lippmann had given to Yale some 300 numbers of serials and pamphlets for the Yale War Collection through his long-time friend, Wilmarth S. Lewis, Yale ’18, who was active in the affairs of the Yale Library. In 1942 Lippmann wrote his lawyer, Albert Stickney, that he had been asked by the Library of Congress and also by the Yale University Library to give them all his papers, and that this action would involve a change in his will when he knew more clearly just exactly what he wanted to do. Two yeas later, in a letter to Lewis dated July 3, 1944, Lippmann wrote: “I took the invitation from Yale as a favor to me, and a very great distinction, not as something I was doing for Yale. It never occurred to me to consult Harvard, where I had been an overseer, about my papers any more than I might have asked them if they were going to give me an honorary degree.” Lewis replied on July 5th: “Needless to say, I am very happy that you have given Yale your papers. The Yale Library is one of the chief things in my life, and it is a joy for me that it is to have this great collection. The scholars of the future will now have to come to Yale to study our time.” On the same date, Charles Seymour, President of Yale University, wrote Lippmann: “May I express again and more emphatically our deep gratitude for the gift of your papers. Their value in the Yale collection will be obviously enormous,” and in a letter the next day Lewis reminded Lippmann: “I first spoke to you about your papers two years ago.”
The decision in 1944 also involved a collection of published works by and about Walter Lippmann which had been assembled as a hobby, beginning in 1931, by Robert Olney Anthony, Amherst ’26, a telephone executive for the Bell System in New York City. His collection included magazine articles, a complete file of Lippmann’s “Today and Tomorrow” column (1931-1967) which he indexed, other newspaper articles, bulletins and pamphlets concerning Lippmann, newspaper clippings, and books by, about, or prominently mentioning him. Both for the protection of the collection and to increase its availability to scholars, it was a propitious time to transfer his collection to the Yale Library. Lippmann agreed that both collections should be kept together, and in 1944 when Lippmann decided to give his papers to Yale, Anthony also offered his associated collection. Two years later when Anthony was transferred from New York to the New England Telephone and Telegraph Company in Providence, Rhode Island, on December 2, 1946, his collection was transported to the Yale Library. His collection is listed as the Robert O. Anthony Collection of Walter Lippmann (MS Group No. 766, Manuscripts and Archives). On December 3, 1946, Anthony was named curator of the newly-formed collection by the Yale Corporation.
During 1945 and early in 1946 Lippmann sent to Yale several items, e.g., manuscripts of some of his books, and the announcement of his gift appeared in the press in June, 1946. Also in 1946 at the time of the Anthony collection move, the library truck picked up Lippmann’s bound volumes of the editorial pages of the New York World for the period 19254 through February, 1931, which were in his office at the New York Herald Tribune in New York City.
It was not until February, 1963, when he was almost seventy-four, that Lippmann felt he could give up the bulk of his papers, consisting at that time of forty-two large files of personal correspondence and two boxes of original manuscripts. They were shipped to Providence, Rhode Island, for processing by Anthony and eventual shipment to Yale. In 1964 another shipment arrived in Providence, consisting of diaries and engagement books through 1959.
In 1964, Richard H. Rovere began his work in both collections as the authorized biographer of Walter Lippmann, with the assistance of Gary Clarkson. Four years later, finding himself uneasy in the role of biographer without assurance of complete independence as to content, Rovere, in 1968, found a successor in Ronald Steel, a journalist who had been a foreign service officer. Steel’s biography is in preparation for expected publication in the fall of 1978.
Introduction to the Collection
The correspondence in this series begins in 1931 and contains the same format of “Selected” and “General” as Series I, which ended with the year 1930. It concludes, of course, with Walter Lippmann’s death on December 14, 1974, although some material of interest subsequent to that date is also included.
As mentioned in the introduction, the year 1931 witnessed the end of the career of Walter Lippmann as an editor, with the sale of the New York World newspaper in February, 1931. His noted career as “dean of the columnists” started with his “Today and Tomorrow” column in the New York Herald Tribune in September of that year.
Lippmann continued extensive correspondence during 1931-1974 with several correspondents from the earlier period, prominent among whom were Hamilton Fish Armstrong, Newton D. Baker, Bernard Berenson, Robert H. Brand, William M. Chadbourne, Grenville Clark, Felix Frankfurter, Ralph Hayes, John Maynard Keynes, Stanley King, Thomas W. Lamont, Russell C. Leffingwell, Allan Nevins, Ellery Sedgwick and Herbert Bayard Swope. He corresponded extensively, also, with Oscar Cox and Lewis W. Douglas starting in 1932, and with Arthur W. Schlesinger, Jr., in 1950.
As the folder listing for Series III, upon which Part 2, Section 1 and Section 2 of the microform edition of this collection depends, Lippmann corresponded with hundreds of other persons from all walks of life who became well known by the middle of the twentieth century and later.
Correspondence relating to Walter Lippmann’s important activities as an alumnus of Harvard has been separated from other correspondence and is placed under “Harvard” at the end of the alphabetical section in boxes 113, 114 and 115. His activities included election as an Overseer in 1933 and appointment to Visiting Committees for the Departments of Government, Economics, Philosophy and the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, as well as the Committee to Visit Harvard College.
Lippmann’s relation to the Lucius W. Nieman Fellowships at Harvard “to promote and elevate standards of journalism and educate persons deemed specially qualified…” is important to note, for he was in at the creation. A member of the Board of Overseers in February, 1936, when Harvard was notified of the Nieman bequest, President Conant consulted with Lippmann on the Nieman idea as early as May of that year. Lippmann joined fully with the plan and accepted appointment on the first Nieman selecting committee along with Ellery Sedgwick and John Stewart Bryan. The first fellowships, nine in number, were awarded for the academic year 1938-1939.
A release from the Harvard University News Office, dated September 15, 1977, announced a grant of $100,000.00 to the Nieman Foundation for Journalism in memory of Walter Lippmann. The grant derived from the bequest he left to Harvard at the time of his death in December, 1974. The new Nieman headquarters, known as the Walter Lippmann House, will be at One Francis Avenue, a structure built in 1836 in a Greek revival style by the Harvard College carpenter, Ebenezer Francis. To match the grant and also create a full endowment for the Walter Lippmann House, a memorial fund has been launched to raise $400,000.00 from journalists and others who were friends and admirers of Lippmann.
Researchers interested in the Lippmann family papers are directed to a separate “Lippmann” section at the end of the Selected Correspondence. This section, consisting of boxes 113-123, contains all correspondence between Lippmann and Harvard University, Harvard Clubs, publications and Visiting Committees (3 boxes). It also contains notes on more than twenty-five trips taken both in this country and abroad during the period 1934 to 1966 (3 boxes). Correspondence in other boxes in this section is concerned with Walter Lippmann’s 70th, 75th, 80th and 85th birthdays, financial matters, and his several residences. The transcripts of the interviews conducted by Allan Nevins and Dean Albertson in 1953 for the Oral History Collection at Columbia University are also found here.
Correspondence between Lippmann and his second wife, Helen Byrne Armstrong during 1937 and 1938 has been placed in box 124. This correspondence covers the period of the divorce proceedings of Walter Lippmann and his first wife, Faye (Albertson), and Helen and Hamilton Fish Armstrong; Helen'’ sojourn of several weeks in Reno, Nevada; and their subsequent marriage in March, 1938.
Some personal correspondence and papers of Helen Byrne Lippmann were found among Walter Lippmann’s papers. These have been placed in box 125 at the end of the Selected Correspondence.
Born in New York City, residence on Lexington Avenue between 61st and 62nd Street. Son of Jacob and Daisy (Baum). Father a clothing manufacturer and real estate broker, and mother a Hunter College graduate.
First of more than forty Atlantic crossings, R.M.S. Etruria. “Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Lippmann and maid: Master Walter Lippmann.” (From the passenger list)
Entered Sachs Collegiate Institute, 38 West 59th Street, New York City.
Wrote first editorial (age 13) for school paper, the Record, as editor-in-chief.
Awarded the Arnold B. Horwitz prize “for faithful devotion to school duties and for general excellence.” (Ten volume Fiske History)
Confirmed as a member of Temple Emmanu-El.
Awarded the Lewis May Pin and Medal, Temple Emmanu-El.
Awarded the Arnold B. Horwitz prize for faithful devotion to school duties and for general excellence. (Six volume Robert Browning)
Graduated from Sachs Collegiate Institute. Awarded the Arnold B. Horwitz prize for academic achievement. Had been a member of the debating, football, hockey and tennis teams.
Entered Harvard College. Lived at 12 Weld Hall.
One of the winners of the Harvard College prize for academic distinction.
Elected to the Circolo Italiano Society.
Taught evening classes at the Cambridge Social Union as an instructor in Fine Arts.
One of the winners of the Harvard College prize for academic distinction.
Active in Harvard Chapter, Intercollegiate Socialist Society.
Elected to the Cosmopolitan Club. Member of the Debating, Philosophical and Political Clubs. Joined the Harvard Socialist Club and later became president.
Active in Harvard Chapter, Intercollegiate Socialist Society, attending conventions and organizing chapters at other colleges.
One of the winners of the Deturs prize “Pro Insigni Studiis Diligentia,” and the John Harvard prize.
Completed requirements for A.B. degree (three years), Cum Laude. Phi Beta Kappa, Alpha Chapter of Massachusetts.
Assistant to Prof. George Santayana, Department of Philosophy, teaching history of philosophy. Also studied for Master’s Degree. Active in Harvard Chapter, Intercollegiate Socialist Society.
Elected to Board of Editors, the Harvard Monthly.
Within three weeks of earning Master’s degree, dropped studies, left Harvard, and was hired as a reporter on the Boston Common (newspaper) by his first employer and future father-in-law, Ralph Albertson.
Took A.B. degree with the Class of 1910.
Engaged by Lincoln Steffens for Everybody’s Magazine.
Elected to Executive Committee, Intercollegiate Socialist Society.
Regular contributor to the International Magazine through 1912.
Appointed Executive Secretary to the Rev. George R. Lunn, Socialist Mayor of Schenectady, New York. Resigned four months later.
Wrote articles for the Intercollegiate Socialist Society publication.
Joined the Socialist Party, New York County, and the Socialist Press Club of New York City.
First book, A Preface to Politics, published by Mitchell Kennerly.
Invited by Herbert Croly to become one of the six members of the editorial board of a new weekly, the New Republic. The six members were Herbert Croly, Francis Hackett, Walter Lippmann, Philip Littell, Charlotte Rudyard and Walter Weyl.
First issue of the New Republic.
Book, Drift and Mastery, published by Mitchell Kennerly.
Wrote series “Today and Tomorrow” for Metropolitan magazine.
Married Faye Albertson, daughter of Ralph and Irene (Mulford Albertson. Ceremony performed by the Hon. William H. Wadhams, Judge of the Court of General Sessions and City Magistrate of the City of New York.
Appointed assistant to Newton D. Baker, Secretary of War. Served on the Cantonment Adjustment Commission with Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Assistant Secretary of the Navy.
Invited by Colonel House to become secretary of “The Inquiry,” a secret organization created by order of President Wilson to prepare data for the Paris Peace Conference.
Commissioned Captain, Military Intelligence, and assigned to the staff of General Pershing and sent to France. Prepared propaganda leaflets for dropping behind the German lines and interrogated prisoners.
Assigned to the staff of Colonel House and to the American Mission to Negotiate Peace. Interpreted President Wilson’s Fourteen Points to the British and Italians.
Resigned. Sailed for home on the S.S. Cedric.
Honorably discharged from the U.S. Army.
Book, The Political Scene, an essay on the victory of 1918, published by Henry Holt and Company.
Regular contributor to Vanity Fair magazine.
Book, Liberty and the News, published by Harcourt, Brace and Howe.
Joined the editorial staff of the New York World in the capacity of editorial and special writer.
Book, Public Opinion, published by Harcourt, Brace and Company.
Became chief editorial writer in charge of the editorial page of the New York World following the death of Frank I. Cobb in the fall of 1923.
Gave the Bloch Foundation lecture at Yale University.
Book, The Phantom Public, published by Harcourt, Brace and Company.
First honorary degree, LL.D., conferred by Wake Forest College. (For complete list of degrees, see “Degrees - Walter Lippmann”)
Appointed to National Panel of Arbitrators by the American Arbitration Association
Death of father, Jacob.
Book, Men of Destiny, published by the MacMillan Company.
Book, American Inquisitors, published by the MacMillan Company. A Commentary on Dayton and Chicago. Lectures delivered at the University of Virginia for the Barbour-Page Foundation.
Named editor of the New York World.
Appointed to Committee to Visit the Department of Government at Harvard. Served through 1961.
Book, A Preface to Morals, published by the MacMillan Company. A Book-of-the-Month Club Selection.
Appointed to Committee to Visit Harvard College. Served through 1936.
Last issue of the New York World. Sold to the Scripps-Howard chain by the heirs of Joseph Pulitzer.
First “Today and Tomorrow” column for the New York Herald Tribune.
Book, U.S. in World Affairs: 1931, published by Harper and Brothers. Written in collaboration with William O. Scroggs.
Book, Interpretations: 1931-1932, published by the MacMillan Company. “Today and Tomorrow” columns selected and edited by Allan Nevins.
Regular contributor to the American magazine.
Elected to the Board of Overseers, Harvard University, for a six-year term.
Appointed to Committee to Visit the Department of Economics at Harvard. Served through 1937.
Book, U.S. in World Affairs: 1932, published by Harper and Brothers.
Delivered the Godkin lectures at Harvard.
Appointed to Committee to Visit the Department of Philosophy at Harvard. Served through 1957.
Book, The Method of Freedom, published by the MacMillan Company. Godkin lectures delivered at Harvard.
Book, U.S. in World Affairs: 1933, edited with an introduction, published by Harper and Brothers.
Book, Interpretations: 1933-1935, published by the MacMillan Company. “Today and Tomorrow” columns selected and edited by Allan Nevins.
Regular contributor to the Atlantic.
Divorce decree from his wife Faye, in Bradenton, Florida.
Book, The Good Society, published by Little, Brown and Company.
Book, The Supreme Court: Independent or Controlled?, published by Harper and Brothers. Reprinted “Today and Tomorrow” columns.
Gave series of three lectures at the University of Chicago.
Married Helen Byrne Armstrong. Ceremony performed by the Hon. Charles Poletti, Justice, Supreme Court, State of New York. Moved to Washington, D.C.
Decoration conferred: Officier de l’Ordre National de la Légion d’Honneur. (For complete list of honors and awards, see “Honors and Awards”)
Gave address on the Charles R. Walgreen Foundation at the University of Chicago.
Faye Albertson Lippmann married Jesse Heatley.
Book, Some Notes on War and Peace, published by the MacMillan Company. Four reprinted “Today and Tomorrow” columns.
Book, U.S. Foreign Policy: Shield of the Republic, published by Little, Brown and Company.
Trip to Europe as a war correspondent.
Book, U.S. War Aims, published by Little, Brown and Company.
Gave the Bergen lecture at Yale University.
Attended the Nuremberg trials, International Tribunal, Palace of Justice.
Appointed to the Committee to Visit the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences at Harvard.
Elected a member of the American Society of International Law.
Elected a member of the American Philosophical Society.
Book, The Cold War, published by Harper and Brothers. Material appeared as a series of article sin the New York Herald Tribune.
Elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Death of mother, Daisy (Mrs. I.M. Stettenheim).
Gave the Newton D. Baker Memorial Lecture, Cleveland, Ohio.
Presented the Knight Cross of First Class of the Order of St. Olaf (Norway).
Death of father-in-law, Ralph Albertson.
Elected a member of Sigma Delta Chi.
Elected a Fellow of the American Geographical Society.
Elected Commandeur, Orde Van Oranje-Nassau (The Netherlands). Upon Walter Lippmann’s death in 1974, the medal was returned in accordance with Royal Decree No. 12 of 12 April 1923.
Gave Sulgrave Manor Board lecture in England, on the Sir George Watson Chair of American History, Literature and Institutions.
Book, Isolation and Alliances, published by Little, Brown and Company.
Book, The Public Philosophy, published by Little, Brown and Company.
Gave the Gideon D. Seymour Memorial Lecture at the University of Minnesota.
Awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Comment.
Named Associe de sa Section des Sciences Morales et Politiques, Academie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique.
Awarded the National Press Club Certificate of Appreciation in recognition of meritorious service to correspondents of press, radio and television in the nation’s capitol.
Elected member of the American Military Institute.
Book, The Communist World and Ours, published by Little, Brown and Company. Reprinted “Today and Tomorrow” articles following his trip to Russia in 1958.
First TV appearance. CBS Reports, “Walter Lippmann on Leadership.”
Testimonial of Appreciation and Esteem, Hall of Fame for Great Americans, New York University.
Second TV appearance. CBS Reports, “Walter Lippmann, 1961.”
Appointed a member of the Advisory Committee on the Arts, National Cultural Center, by President John F. Kennedy.
Third TV appearance. CBS Reports, “Walter Lippmann, Year End.”
Book, The Coming Tests with Russia, published by Little, Brown and Company. Reprinted “Today and Tomorrow” articles following his second trip to Russia in 1961.
George Foster Peabody Broadcasting Award presented to Walter Lippmann and CBS for the program which did most to promote international understanding during 1961.
Awarded Pulitzer Prize for Distinguished Reporting of International Affairs.
Appointed a member of the Woodrow Wilson Memorial Commission by President John F. Kennedy.
Fourth TV appearance. CBS Reports, “Walter Lippmann, 1962.”
Elected Corresponding Member of the Massachusetts Historical Society.
Changed “Today and Tomorrow” syndicate from the New York Herald Tribune to the Washington Post.
First of the bi-weekly articles for Newsweek.
Fifth TV appearance. CBS Reports, “Walter Lippmann, 1963.”
Sixth TV appearance. CBs Reports, “Walter Lippmann, 1964.”
Recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Lyndon B. Johnson.
Final TV appearance. CBS Reports, “Walter Lippmann, 1965.”
Addressed the United Nations.
George Foster Peabody Broadcasting Award presented to CBS Reports, with special mention of interview with Walter Lippmann televised on April 8, 1964.
Addressed the International Press Institute, London.
Named Grand Officier de l’Ordre National du Mérite by French President Charles de Gaulle.
Awarded the National Institute of Arts and Letters Gold Medal for Eminence in Essays and Criticism.
Final “Today and Tomorrow” article.
Moved from Washington, D.C., to 1021 Park Avenue, New York City.
Moved to The Lowell, 28 East 63rd Street, New York City.
Final article for Newsweek.
Elected a Charter Member of the Washington Hall of Fame, Sigma Delta Chi.
Helen Byrne Lippmann died at The Lowell.
Death of Faye Albertson’s second husband, Jesse Heatley.
Walter Lippmann died at the Mary James Nursing Home, 755 Park Avenue, New York City, at approximately 7:00 a.m.
Memorial service at the Ford Foundation, 320 East 43rd Street, New York City.
Memorial service at the Washington Cathedral, Washington, D.C.
Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique
Advisory Committee on the Arts (National Cultural Center)
George Foster Peabody Broadcasting Award
Pulitzer Prize for Distinguished Reporting of International Affairs
Massachusetts Historical Society
Woodrow Wilson Memorial Commission
Presidential Medal of Freedom
National Institute of Arts and Letters
Ordre National du Mérite, Grand-Officier
AAPOR award (American Association for Public Opinion Research)
Charter member, Sigma Delta Chi, Washington Hall of Fame
The Walter Lippmann Papers are housed in the Manuscripts and Archives Division of Sterling Memorial Library at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. The microform edition of this collection comprises four parts, with part 2 subdivided into two sections. The relationships of the parts of the microform edition to the original arrangements of the collection at Yale University is delineated below:
Original Source at Yale
Description of Contents
Part 2, Section 1
Series 3 (Box 50-94)
Part 2, Section 2
Series 3 (Box 95-139)
Series 5 and 7
Public Opinion Mail (Series 5); Diaries and Engagement Books (Series 7)