5 to 10 years and discuss it with the neighbors, the countries along the key transport corridors, as
well as with the business community as they represent the main stakeholders’ interest. The
World Congress of the Land-locked countries to be organized in Almaty in August 2003 can be
an important Forum in addition to the regional and sub-regional workshops to be held in the next
6 months for follow-up discussions and agreements. In the meantime, the following specific
recommendations already appear feasible on the short to medium term:
1. For all CIS 7+2:
a) Adhering to and implementing the TIR Convention to make it more secure and
reliable and abolishing of customs escorts of normal, non-suspicious cargo.
b) Harmonizing transit fees by taking into account the interest of both the transit and
transiting countries (see on-going work within TRACECA).
c) Harmonizing border procedures on road and rail across the countries.
d) Introducing of performance indicators that are systematically followed up on the
main international transport corridors and on both sides of the border.
e) Strengthening the public-private dialogue and cooperation (pro-committees etc.).
f) Publishing up-to-date border crossing rules and their interpretation.
2. For the South Caucasus countries: discussing the Trade and Transport Facilitation Policy
Notes and agreement on the proposed strategy and recommended actions.
3. For Moldova: deciding on the direction of the customs modernization and reforms is a
condition to their joining the TTFSE investment program.
4. For Central Asia:
a) ECMT is called upon to consider the membership of the CAR and their
participation in the ECMT Multilateral road quota system.
b) The World Bank initiated TTF Audits could be discussed and used as support
February in preparation for the World Congress on Land-Locked countries.
c) The World Bank in cooperation with ADB and other donors will also prepare
Policy Notes with specific strategy proposals and recommended short and
medium term actions.
To the extent these countries move forward resolutely on their varying agendas for adjustment
and structural reform, as well as for trade and transport facilitation, the international community
can and should do more to help through technical assistance, grants and other financial support.
The burden for change lies mostly with the CIS-7 + 2; at the same time a great deal of TTF
progress depends on the neighboring countries, on the more developed trading partners, and on