Transforming White Privilege Project Resource List Racism General Afrolantica Legacies

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Transforming White Privilege Project Resource List

Racism - General
Afrolantica Legacies, Derrick Bell. Third World Press, 1997.

With his Geneva Crenshaw series, where Dr. Bell explores the subject of race fictionally, he presents masterful tales that confront the white power structure with ordinary conversations while taking a deeper look at Jewish-black relationships, and the property rights in white skin color. ~mp

Eleven essays on the present and future of American Indian Policy, ranging from: Indian voting, cultural values versus economic realities of reservation life, tribal government, the Supreme Court and Indian water rights and the influence of the Bureau of Indian Affairs on Indian self-determination. – From publisher.
Black Looks: Race and Representation, bell hooks. South End Press, 1999.

This latest collection from hooks contains a dozen essays on the representation of the African American experience, an area in which, she argues convincingly, little progress has been made. Her gaze often falls on the ostensible recuperation of blackness into advertising, fashion and pop culture. –From publisher.

Critical Race Theory: The Cutting Edge, second edition. Richard Delgado and Jean Stefancic (ed). Temple University Press, 1999.

This contains highly accessible articles in the fast-growing legal genre of critical race theory and includes two new, exciting topics: Critical Race Feminism and Critical White Studies. This edition contains five new substantive units: crime, critical race practice, intergroup tensions and alliances, gay/lesbian issues, and transcending the black-white binary paradigm of race. In each of these areas, groundbreaking scholarship by the movement's founding figures as well as the brightest new stars provides immediate entry to current trends and developments in critical civil rights thought. - From publisher.

De Colores Means All of Us: Latina Views for a Multi-Colored Century, Elizabeth Martinez. South End Press, 1999.

Martinez presents a radical Latina perspective on race, liberation, and identity. In these essays, Martinez describes the provocative ideas and new movements created by the rapidly expanding U.S. Latina/o community as it confronts intensified exploitation and racism. – From publisher.

Race and Mixed Race, Naomi Zack. Temple University Press, 1994.

Tracing social and historical problems related to racial identity, she discusses why race is a matter of such importance in America and examines the treatment of mixed race in law, society, and literature. – From publisher.

Racist America: Roots, Current Realities, And Future Reparations, 2nd edition, Joe R. Feagin. Routledge, 2010.

This second edition is extensively revised and updated, with a special eye toward racism issues cropping up constantly in the Barack Obama era. This edition incorporates many dozens of new research studies on U.S. racial issues, such as environmental racism, race and health and antiracist strategies. Also includes exciting new and provocative concepts, especially the white racial frame and systemic racism. – From publisher.

The Five Faces of Oppression,” Iris Marion Young. Chapter 2 in Justice and the Politics of Difference, Princeton University Press, 1990.

Democratic theorists, according to Young, do not adequately address the problem of an inclusive participatory framework. By assuming a homogeneous public, they fail to consider institutional arrangements for including people not culturally identified with white European male norms of reason and respectability. – From publisher.

The Miner's Canary: Enlisting Race, Resisting Power, and Transforming Democracy, Lani Guinier and Gerald Torres. Harvard University Press, 2003.

Like the canaries that alerted miners to a poisonous atmosphere, issues of race point to underlying problems in society that ultimately affect everyone, not just minorities. Ignoring racial differences—race blindness—has failed. Focusing on individual achievement has diverted us from tackling pervasive inequalities. Now, in a powerful and challenging book, Guinier and Torres propose a radical new way to confront race in the twenty-first century. – From publisher.

The Way Home, Shakti Butler. World Trust Educational Services, 1998.

Over the course of eight months, sixty-four women representing a cross-section of cultures (Indigenous, African-American, Arab/Middle Eastern, Asian, European-American, Jewish, Latina, and Multiracial) came together to share their experience of racism in America.

With uncommon courage, the women speak their hearts and minds about resistance, love, assimilation, standards of beauty, power, school experiences, and more. Their candid conversations offer rare access into multi-dimensional worlds invisible to outsiders. –From World Trust.
Structural Racism
A Primer on Intersectionality, African American Policy Forum. (n.d.).

In cases where race, gender, sexual identity and class work together to limit access to social goods such as employment, fair immigration, healthcare, child care or education, it is essential that social justice interventions be grounded in an understanding of how these factors operate together. Intersectionality can provide that grounding. – From African American Policy Forum website.

Cracking the Codes: The System of Racial Inequity, Shakti Butler. World Trust Educational Services, 2012.

In the U.S., race – more than any other demographic factor – determines levels of individual, educational achievement, health and life expectancy, possibility of incarceration, and wealth. This film reveals a self-perpetuating system of inequity in which internal factors play out in external structures: Institutions, policy and law. Designed for dialogue and learning, this film works to disentangle internal beliefs within, as it builds skills to recognize and address the external drivers of inequity. –From World Trust.

From the Roots: Building the Power of Communities of Color to Challenge Structural Racism, Julie Quiroz-Martinez. Akonadi Foundation, 2010.

This publication first tells the story of the Akonadi Foundation in creating a structural racism lens in their grantmaking and investing in cultural and base-building organizations. The second part shares six stories of organizations on the front line of justice work, and provides descriptions of their progress and impact. ~mp

The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, Michelle Alexander. New Press, 2010.

As the United States celebrates the nation's "triumph over race" with the election of Barack Obama, the majority of young black men in major American cities are locked behind bars or have been labeled felons for life. Although Jim Crow laws have been wiped off the books, an astounding percentage of the African American community remains trapped in a subordinate status--much like their grandparents before them. In this incisive critique, former litigator-turned-legal-scholar Michelle Alexander provocatively argues that we have not ended racial caste in America: we have simply redesigned it. – From publisher

Post Racialism or Targeted Universalism,” john a. powell. Denver University Law Review, 86, 2009.

Powell explains the terms structural racialization, implicit bias and targeted universalism. He provides several examples on the impact of using race neutrality/color-blindness in the design of policy and programs. Powell asserts there are two emerging areas for the practice of racialization: “processes and practices of inter-institutional arrangement that continue to distribute racialized outcomes” and “ambivalence that unconsciously impacts our racial meaning and practices.” See Dr. powell discuss these three concepts at ~mp

Structural Racism and Community Building, Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change, 2004.

This is one of the core documents for explaining structural racism and its value is based on its concise, clear, and comprehensive narrative. One section of particular interest is, “What Does a Structural Racism Perspective Imply for Community Building and Related Social Justice work?” ~mp

Structural Racism and Multiracial and Coalition Building: A Report to the Annie E. Casey Foundation, Maya Wiley. Institute on Race and Poverty, 2003.

This report attempts to better understand how multiracial coalitions may be formed, how they are able to work effectively and what is needed to nurture and support them. Dr. Wiley draws some preliminary conclusions about ingredients necessary for multiracial coalitions to form and produce policy reforms that begin to dismantle structural racism. - From publication.

Toward a Structural Racism Framework,” Andrew Grant-Thomas and john a. powell. Poverty and Race, Volume 15, Number 6, November/December, 2006.

The discussion of structural racism in this article…emphasizes the powerful impact of inter-institutional dynamics, institutional resource inequities, and historical legacies on racial inequalities today…Any promising attempt to dismantle the underpinning of durable racial inequality must account for the structural dynamics we highlight here. – From article.

When the Levees Broke: A Requiem in Four Acts, Directed by Spike Lee. An HBO Documentary Film, 2006.

The documentary consists of news footage and still photos of Katrina and its aftermath interspersed with interviews. Interviewees throughout the film include politicians, journalists, historians, engineers, and many people from various parts of New Orleans and the surrounding areas who give first-hand accounts of their experiences with the levee failures and the aftermath.-From Zinn Education Project If God Is Willing And Da Creek Don't Rise continues the story of the rebirth of the Big Easy. Lee documents the successes and failures in the ongoing efforts to restore housing, healthcare, education, economic growth and law and order to a battered but unbowed community. –From HBO films. Suggestion – turn on the director’s cut to hear more stories of the regional politics and racial issues.

500 Anos Del Pueblo Chicano / 500 Years of Chicano History: In Pictures, Elizabeth Martinez. Southwest Community Resources, 1990.

This book is published in response to the Quincentennial celebration of Columbus's arrival and its lies. We offer a book that tells the real story of La Raza and other truths so long denied. This book also asks a question: after 500 years do Chicanos, Mexican Americans, mexicanos, Raza, whatever we call ourselves, have anything to celebrate? Our answer is yes: we have much to celebrate. And so this book speaks with grief and bitter truth but also joy and pride. –From publisher.

A Different Mirror: A History of Multicultural America, Ronald Takaki. Back Bay Books, 2008.

Beginning with the colonization of the New World, it recounted the history of America in the voice of the non-Anglo peoples of the United States—Native Americans, African Americans, Jews, Irish Americans, Asian Americans, Latinos, and others—groups who helped create this country's rich mosaic culture. In this new edition, included is information about: The role of black soldiers in preserving the Union; The history of Chinese Americans from 1900-1941; An investigation into the hot-button issue of "illegal" immigrants from Mexico; and A look at the sudden visibility of Muslim refugees from Afghanistan. - From publisher.

A Little Matter of Genocide: Holocaust and Denial in the Americas, 1492 to Present, Ward Churchill. City Lights Publisher, 2001.

Churchill examines both "revisionist" denial of the Nazi-perpetrated Holocaust and the opposing claim of its exclusive "uniqueness," using the full scope of what happened in Europe as a backdrop against which to demonstrate that genocide is precisely what has been-and still is-carried out against the American Indians. – From publisher.

A People's History of the United States: 1492 to Present, Howard Zinn. Harper Perennial Modern Classics, 2005.

A “must read” which provides a history of the U.S. told from voices are typically omitted and exploited.

A new resource by Rethinking Schools - Zinn Education Project, which includes a comprehensive list of books and videos.
Before the Mayflower: A History of Black America, Lerone Bennett. Johnson Publishing Company, 2003.

Traces black history from its origins in western Africa, through the transatlantic journey and slavery, the Reconstruction period, the Jim Crow era, and the civil rights movement, to life in the 1990s. – From publisher.

Harvest of Empire: A History of Latinos in America, Juan González. Penguin, 2011.

Harvest of Empire spans five centuries-from the first New World colonies to the first decade of the new millennium. Latinos are now the largest minority group in the United States, and their impact on American popular culture-from food to entertainment to literature-is greater than ever. This book features family portraits of real-life immigrant Latino pioneers, as well as accounts of the events and conditions that compelled them to leave their homelands. -From publisher.
Lies My Teacher Told Me: Everything Your American History Textbook Got Wrong, James Loewen. Touchstone, 2007.

After surveying eighteen leading high school American history texts, Loewen concluded that not one does a decent job of making history interesting or memorable. Marred by an embarrassing combination of blind patriotism, mindless optimism, sheer misinformation, and outright lies, these books omit almost all the ambiguity, passion, conflict, and drama from our past. In this revised edition, packed with updated material, Loewen explores how historical myths continue to be perpetuated in today's climate and adds an eye-opening chapter on the lies surrounding 9/11 and the Iraq War. –From publisher.

Race: The Power of an Illusion, Executive Producer Larry Adelman. California Newsreel, 2003.

Episode 1- The Difference Between Us examines the contemporary science - including genetics - that challenges our common sense assumptions that human beings can be bundled into three or four fundamentally different groups according to their physical traits.
Episode 2- The Story We Tell uncovers the roots of the race concept in North America, the 19th century science that legitimated it, and how it came to be held so fiercely in the western imagination. The episode is an eye-opening tale of how race served to rationalize, even justify, American social inequalities as "natural."
Episode 3- The House We Live In asks, If race is not biology, what is it? This episode uncovers how race resides not in nature but in politics, economics and culture. It reveals how our social institutions "make" race by disproportionately channeling resources, power, status and wealth to white people. -From website.
Reluctant Reformers: Racism and Social Reform Movements in the United States, Robert L. Allen. Anchor Press, 1975.

This significant book shares the stories of the internal dynamics and leadership of 6 social reform movements, which provides insight on the complexity of movement building. Allen describes how racism and white privilege played out in these predominately white-led movements, which hindered their impact and/or result in their demise, as well as led to the dismantling of multiracial alliances. In the postscript, the authors include the movements of the 1960s and 1970s. ~mp

Strangers from a Different Shore: A History of Asian Americans, Revised Edition, Ronald Takaki. Little, Brown and Company, 1998.

A sweeping history of Asian Americans: of Chinese who laid tracks for the transcontinental railroad; of plantation laborers in the canefields of Hawaii; of "picture brides" marrying strangers in the hope of becoming part of the American dream; of Japanese Americans in U.S. internment camps during World War II; Hmong refugees tragically unable to adjust to Wisconsin's alien climate & culture; & Asian American students stigmatized by the stereotype of the "model minority." – From publisher.

Sundown Towns: A Hidden Dimension of American Racism, James W. Loewen. Touchstone, 2006.

Many Americans may not be aware of the stories of the violent removal of African-Americans in Tulsa, Oklahoma, Springfield, Illinois, Levittown, New York, and Rosewood, Florida, as well as specific incidents of cross-burning and lynching. Loewen’s vivid detailed accounts are extensive and provide story after story of how sundown communities were created, enforced, and maintained. For example, of the 167 sundown communities in Illinois, only 59 were no longer “all white” as of 2004. This detailed exposé provides an opportunity to have a different discussion about gated communities, exclusionary zoning, red-lining, mortgage practices, hate crimes, neighborhood association policies, integrated communities, etc. ~mp Also, see the Sundown Towns website which lists cities and towns and includes historical information about their designation.

White Privilege - Individual and Interpersonal Levels
Black on White: Black Writers on What it Means to be White, David R. Roediger (ed). Shocken Books, 1998.

From folktales and slave narratives to contemporary essays, poetry, and fiction, black writers have long been among America’s keenest students on white consciousness and white behavior, but until now much of this writing has been ignored. Some of the figures included in this book are: James Baldwin, Derrick Bell, Ralph Ellison, Jacob Lawrence, bell hooks, Toni Morrison, Nell Irvin Painter and Alice Walker. –From publisher.

Breaking the Code of Good Intentions: Everyday Forms of Whiteness, Melanie E. L. Bush. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2004.

Examines why most white people in the U.S. believe we have achieved racial equality even though social and economic indicators suggest otherwise. Bush’s analysis of almost a thousand interviews unveils what she calls ‘cracks’ in the wall of whiteness, circumstances that can foster understanding about systemic and racialized patterns of inequality. – From publisher.

What is White Privilege?” and “Doing the Work: Unearthing Our Own White Privilege”, Maggie Potapchuk in Flipping the Script: White Privilege and Community Building with Sally Leiderman, Donna Bivens, and Barbara Major. 2005.

The first chapter includes a case study of how the different levels of privilege showed up with the two white writers’ interactions and assumptions with the foundation that funded the report. Also included are lists of accumulated advantages and several examples of the costs of being white. The second chapter includes two lists, one of lessons learned, and the other of valuable things to embrace while learning about white privilege, e.g., a willingness to become uncomfortable, yet stay focused. ~mp

Impacts of Racism on White Americans, 2nd Edition, Benjamin P. Bowser and Raymond G. Hunt (eds). SAGE Publications, Inc., 1996.

What motivates white racism? What effects does racism have on white Americans? The second edition of this provocative book reveals that racism remains a pervasive force in American society and that its effects on whites are still misunderstood. – From publisher.

Mirrors of Privilege: Making Whiteness Visible, filmmaker Shakti Butler, World Trust Educational Services, 2006.

This is an excellent film to understand the cycle of socialization whites experience by listening to candid stories from white men and women. Dance, poetry and theatre are also used to enhance these individuals’ stories about the stages of learning and growth such as defensiveness, fear, and shame. ~mp Trailer and discussion guide on website.

Promoting Diversity and Social Justice: Educating People from Privilege Groups, Diane J. Goodman. Sage Publications, Inc., 2011.

This book offers educational and psychological perspectives to inform practice and increase options in addressing conflict situations. The first part of the book helps the educator understand the reasons for resistance and ways to prevent it. The second part explains how educators motivate dominant groups to support social justice. – From publisher. In this newest edition, there are two additional chapters, "The Joy of Unlearning Privilege/Oppression" and "Allies and Action" along with an updated appendix with additional resources

Understanding White Privilege: Creating Pathways to Authentic Relationships Across Race, Frances E. Kendall. Routledge, 2012.

This author discusses how race can frame our experiences, relationships and the way in which we see the world, and offers suggestions for how differences of opportunity can be overcome. Focusing on racial privilege, the book explores sensitive issues through numerous stories and anecdotes to illustrate the dynamics of race relations in the US today. – From publisher. New edition will be available June 2012.

White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack,” Peggy McIntosh. Essay excerpted from Working Paper 189. White Privilege and Male Privilege: A Personal Account of Coming To See Correspondences through Work in Women's Studies, 1988.

The seminal article shares 50 day-to-day examples of white privilege. ~mp

White Privilege – Institutional and Systemic Levels
Dreaming of a Self Beyond Whiteness and Isolation,” john a. powell. Washington University Journal of Law and Policy, Volume 18, 2005.

Dr. powell discusses the racial boundaries in the context of whiteness and how racial hierarchy are reproduced in the spaces we inhabit including even our dreams. Also, there is a succinct description of the construction of whiteness and racial hierarchy in the system of law. ~mp

Flipping the Script: White Privilege and Community Building, Maggie Potapchuk, Sally Leiderman, Barbara Major, and Donna Bivens. MP Associates and the Center for Assessment and Policy Development (CAPD), 2005.

This monograph analyzes Hurricane Katrina to illustrate white privilege on multiple levels; provides in-depth description of four concepts (community building, racism, internalized racism and white privilege); applies the concepts specifically focused on interventions, evaluation and multiracial coalitions and partnerships; and provides recommendations for the field. ~mp

How Racism Takes Place, George Lipsitz. Temple University Press, 2011.

Lipsitz contends that racism persists because a network of practices skews opportunities and life chances along racial lines. That is, these practices assign people of different races to different spaces and therefore allow grossly unequal access to education, employment, transportation, and shelter. Revealing how seemingly race-neutral urban sites contain hidden racial assumptions and imperatives, Lipsitz examines the ways in which urban space and social experience are racialized and emphasizes that aggrieved communities do not passively acquiesce to racism. He recognizes the people and communities that have reimagined segregated spaces in expressive culture as places for congregation. –From publisher.

“Witnessing Whiteness,” Michelle Fine (pp. 57-65) in Off White: Readings on Race, Power, and Society, Michelle Fine, Lois Weis, Linda C. Powell, L. Mun Wong. Routledge,1996.

In this short essay, Dr. Fine discusses how racial inequities are attributable to cumulative privileges for whites. ~mp

The Constraint of Race: Legacies of White Skin Privilege in America, Linda Faye Williams. The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2004.

This book offers a new approach to understanding the evolution of American social policy and the racial politics shaping it. Rather than focusing on the disadvantages suffered by blacks in the American welfare state, Williams looks at the other side of the coin: the advantages enjoyed by whites. – From publisher.

The Possessive Investment in Whiteness: How White People Profit from Identity Politics, Revised & Expanded Edition, George Lipsitz. Temple University Press, 2006.

Reaching beyond the black/white binary, Lipsitz shows how whiteness works in respect to Asian Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans. Lipsitz delineates the weaknesses embedded in civil rights laws, the racialized dimensions of economic restructuring and deindustrialization, and the effects of environmental racism, job discrimination, and school segregation. Perhaps most important, he identifies the sustained and perceptive critique of white privilege embedded in the art and politics of the radical black tradition. – From publisher.

Uprooting Racism: How White People Can Work for Racial Justice Paul Kivel. New Society Publishers, 2011.

Uprooting Racism offers a framework for understanding institutional racism. It provides practical suggestions, tools, examples, and advice on how white people can intervene in interpersonal and organizational situations to work as allies for racial justice. This expanded third edition takes a detailed look at current issues such as affirmative action, immigration, and health care. It also includes a wealth of information about specific cultural groups such as Muslims, people with mixed-heritage, Native Americans, Jews, recent immigrants, Asian Americans and Latinos. - From publisher.
White Shaman and Plastic Medicine Men,” Terry Macy and Daniel Hart

This award-winning documentary deals with the popularization and commercialization of Native American spiritual traditions by Non-Indians. Important questions are asked of those seeking to commercially exploit Tribal rituals and sacred ceremonies...and those vested with safeguarding sacred ways. The film represents a wide range of voices from Native communities, and speaks to issues of cultural appropriation with humor, righteous anger, and thoughtful insight. -From The Native Voices Program.

White Like Me: Reflections on Race from a Privileged Son, Tim Wise. Soft Skull Press, 2004.

This book is a personal examination of the way in which racial privilege shapes the lives of white Americans in every realm of daily life: employment, education, housing, criminal justice and elsewhere. Wise also discusses the ways in which racial privilege can harm whites in the long run and make progressive social change less like. –From publisher. Also, check out Wise’s website which include commentary of current events using a white privilege lens, as well as lists his other books and video clips -

White Logic, White Methods: Racism and Methodology, Tukufu Zuberi and Eduardo Bonilla-Silva. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2008.

In this collection of essays, the authors examine how racial considerations have affected the way social science is conducted; how issues are framed, and data is analyzed. With an assemblage of leading scholars, White Logic, White Methods explores the possibilities and necessary dethroning of current social research practices, and demands a complete overhaul of current methods, towards multicultural and pluralist approach to what we know, think, and question. - From publisher.
University of Minnesota Center for Advanced Studies in Child Welfare.

The purpose of this module is to assist child welfare workers and other social workers in understanding white privilege and racism, and how it affects both the study of child welfare and the practices we employ as child welfare workers. -From website.

Internalized Racism
killing rage: Ending Racism, bell hooks. Holt Paperbacks, 1996.

These twenty-three essays are written from a black and feminist perspective, and they tackle the bitter difficulties of racism by envisioning a world without it. They address a spectrum of topics having to do with race and racism in the United States: psychological trauma among African Americans; friendship between black women and white women; anti-Semitism and racism; and internalized racism in movies and the media. And in the title essay, hooks writes about the “killing rage”—the fierce anger of black people stung by repeated instances of everyday racism—finding in that rage a healing source of love and strength and a catalyst for positive change. -From publisher.

Internalized Oppression and Latinos,” Laura M. Padilla. Excerpted from “But You're Not a Dirty Mexican: Internalized Oppression, Latinos & Law,” 7 Texas Hispanic Journal of Law and Policy, 2001.

In order to understand the many ways in which internalized oppression and racism affect subordinated communities, it is important to have a general background on these forces. Thus, this part of the article will describe internalized oppression and racism generally and will then describe how internalized oppression and racism are particularly manifested in the Latino community. This will better allow the reader to comprehend why Latinos engage in the specific types of self-destructive behavior described throughout this article. -From article.

Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome: America's Legacy of Enduring Injury and Healing, Joy Degruy Leary. Uptone Press, 2005.

The African American experience has produced a most resilient and magnanimous people. African Americans have managed to preserve family, retain a sense of culture, safeguard a strong spiritual integrity and maintain humanity in all-too-often inhuman environments. This book answers the questions, what do repeated traumas visited upon generations after generations of a people produce? What are the impacts of the ordeals associated with chattel slavery, and with the institutions that followed, on African Americans today? –From publisher. See a video clip of Joy Degruy Leary in a new film, Cracking the Codes: Understanding the System.

Sister Citizen: Shame, Stereotypes, and Black Women in America, Melissa V. Harris-Perry. Yale University Press, 2011.

Jezebel's sexual lasciviousness, Mammy's devotion, and Sapphire's outspoken anger—these are among the most persistent stereotypes that black women encounter in contemporary American life. Hurtful and dishonest, such representations force African American women to navigate a virtual crooked room that shames them and shapes their experiences as citizens. Many respond by assuming a mantle of strength that may convince others, and even themselves, that they do not need help. But as a result, the unique political issues of black women are often ignored and marginalized. - From publisher.

What is Internalized Racism?” Donna Bivens, Chapter 5 in Flipping the Script: White Privilege and Community Building, Maggie Potapchuk, Sally Leiderman, Barbara Major, and Donna Bivens. MP Associates and the Center for Assessment and Policy Development, 2005.

This essay provides a definition of internalized racism and unpacks how it manifests in four dimensions: inner, interpersonal, institutional and cultural. ~mp

Individual Transformation for White Folks
Guidelines for Being Strong White Allies, Paul Kivel, 2006.

A list of ways to be a strong white ally. ~mp

It's the Little Things: The Everyday Interactions that Get under the Skin of Blacks and Whites, Lena Williams and Charlayne Hunter-Gault. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2000.

A black person is taken aback when a stranger uses his first name. A white person fails to recognize a black colleague outside the office. A black executive is followed around a department store and then can't get a taxi to stop for her. Despite the progress our country has made since the civil rights movement, we live in separate worlds. Why? – From publisher.

Out of the Spiritual Closet: Organizers Transforming the Practice of Social Justice, Kristen Zimmerman, Neelam Pathikonda, Brenda Salgado and Taj James. Movement Strategy Center, 2010.

This report is the first in a series looking at how leaders and organizations are transforming the social justice movement by integrating transformative and spiritual practice. A framework for understanding the level of change encompassed by a more transformative building approach is described. -From publication.

Privilege, Power, and Difference, 2nd Edition, Allan G. Johnson. McGraw-Hill, 2005.

This is an accessible book with examples of the concepts of privilege, power, and difference. Johnson unpacks each concept, including describing the system, as well as responses to and consequences of each and, finally, recommendations for next steps. ~mp.

“The Cycle of Liberation,” Bobbie Harro (p. 450) and “Reflections on Liberation,” Suzanne Pharr (p.463) in Readings for Diversity and Social Justice: An Anthology of Racism, Anti-Semitism, Sexism, Heterosexism, Ableism and Classism, Maurianne Adams (ed). Routledge, 2000.

Liberation is a key concept to understand in movement building. The cycle of liberation provides one framework for understanding the process of individual change. In the second chapter, the practice of liberation is discussed, which includes the importance of building community. ~mp

The Journey from Mind to Spirit, Shash Yázhí. Movement Strategy Center, 2005.

The writer shares the importance of taking care of oneself in the context of racial justice movement-building. ~mp

White Men on Race: Power, Privilege, and the Shaping of Cultural Consciousness, Joe R. Feagin and Eileen O’Brien. Beacon Press, 2004.

Based on the revealing and provocative testimony of approximately one hundred powerful, upper-income white men, White Men on Race shows how white men see racial "others," how they see white America, how they view racial conflicts, and what they expect for the future of the country. – From publisher.

Racial Identity Development Theory and Racial Formation Theory
A Bill of Rights for Racially Mixed People,” Maria P. P. Root in Readings for Diversity and Social Justice: An Anthology of Racism, Anti-Semitism, Sexism, Heterosexism, Ableism and Classism, Maurianne Adams (ed). Routledge, 2000.

There is a tendency to want to make sure everyone checks a box on his or her racial identity. People who are bi- or multi-racial are placed in the position of choosing and managing people’s needs of knowing “what race are you?” This bill of rights is helpful guide, and also “exposes how insidiously entwined the mechanics of oppression are in everyday lives – systematic beliefs, biased data.” ~mp

A Race is a Nice Thing to Have: A Guide to Being a White person or Understanding the White Persons in Your Life, Janet E. Helms. Content Communications, 1992.

White people generally fail to understand that they have a racial identity – whether they are willing to recognize it or not – and that having it doesn't have to be a negative. Designed specifically for Whites, but useful for others, this easy-to-read paperback includes examples and activities that enhance the reader's understanding of the part race plays in the lives of each of us. – From publisher.

Black and White Racial Identity: Theory, Research, and Practice, Janet E. Helms. (ed.). Praeger, 1993.

Examines major theories of Black and White racial identity [and] theoretical perspectives that were originally developed to describe social fomentation have been updated and expanded to explain the role of racial identity in counseling dyads, social relationships, and groups. – From publisher.

How Jews Became White Folks and What That Says About Race in America, Karen Brodkin. Rutgers University Press, 1998.

The history of Jews in the United States is one of racial change that provides useful insights on race in America. Brodkin shows how Jews experience a kind of double vision that comes from racial middleness: on the one hand, marginality with regard to whiteness; on the other, whiteness and belonging with regard to blackness. Brodkin suggests that racial assignment of individuals and groups constitutes an institutionalized system of occupational and residential segregation, a key element in misguided public policy and a pernicious foundational principle in the construction of nationhood. - From publisher.

Identity Orientations of Latinos in the United States: Implications for Leaders and Organizations,” Placida V. Gallegos and Bernardo M. Ferdman. The Business Journal of Hispanic Research, 2007.

Latinos and Latinas in U.S. organizations are often engaged in conversations in which they feel misunderstood, stereotyped, or categorized in ways that do not reflect the full richness or complexity of their identities. This article reviews a model of Latino identity orientations, particularly as they relate to racial constructs, from the perspective the workplace, discussing the dilemmas Latinos face in organizational life as well as the challenges of non-Latinos in understanding and collaborating effectively with Latinos. We suggest that our model offers Latino and non-Latino leaders with alternative strategies for communicating and developing as colleagues at work. – From article.

New Perspectives on Racial Identity Development: Integrating Emerging Frameworks,

Charmaine Wijeyesinghe and Bailey Jackson (eds.). New York University Press, 2012.

New Perspectives on Racial Identity Development brings together leaders in the field to deepen, broaden, and reassess our understandings of racial identity development. Contributors include the authors of some of the earliest theories in the field, such as William Cross, Bailey W. Jackson, Jean Kim, Rita Hardiman, and Charmaine L. Wijeyesinghe, who offer new analysis of the impact of emerging frameworks on how racial identity is viewed and understood. Other contributors present new paradigms and identify critical issues that must be considered as the field continues to evolve.,,,Intersectionality receives significant attention in the volume, as it calls for models of social identity to take a more holistic and integrated approach in describing the lived experience of individuals. - From publisher.
Race, Biraciality, and Mixed Race –In Theory, Lewis R. Gordon (pp. 422-439) in Oppression, Privilege, and Resistance: Theoretical Perspectives on Racism, Sexism, and Heterosexism, Lisa Heldke and Peg O’Connor. McGraw Hill, 2003.

This author ponders how to establish a critical race theory premised on mixed race identity. ~mp

Racial Formation in the United States: From the 1960’s to the 1990's, 2nd Edition, Michael Omi and Howard Winant. Routledge, 1994.

The authors provide a detailed account of the theory of racial formation processes. The text includes material on the historical development of race, the question of racism, race-class-gender interrelationships, and everyday life. – From publisher.

Racial Identity Theory: Applications to Individual, Group, and Organizational Interventions, Chalmer E. Thompson and Robert T. Carter (eds.). Routledge, 1997.

Unlike in most references to racial identity, Thompson and Carter demonstrate the value of integrating race and identity as systematic components of human functioning. The editors and their contributors show how the infusion of racial identity theory with other psychological models can successfully yield more holistic considerations. – From publisher.

Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria? A Psychologist Explains the Development of Racial Identity, Revised Edition, Beverly Daniel Tatum. Basic Books, 2003.

Beverly Daniel Tatum, a renowned authority on the psychology of racism, asserts that we do not know how to talk about our racial differences: Whites are afraid of using the wrong words and being perceived as "racist" while parents of color are afraid of exposing their children to painful racial realities too soon. Using real-life examples and the latest research, Tatum presents strong evidence that straight talk about our racial identities-whatever they may be-is essential if we are serious about facilitating communication across racial and ethnic divides. – From publisher

Compiled by Maggie Potapchuk 7/2013

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