Transformation of Europe: 1450 1750: Era of Revolutions I. Renaissance



Download 0.5 Mb.
Page2/2
Date28.01.2021
Size0.5 Mb.
1   2
Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy in 1686

  • Mathematical explanations of laws govern movements of bodies

  • Newton's work symbolized the scientific revolution

    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    XX. Enlightenment

    A. Enlightenment


      • Thinkers called philosophes

      • Sought natural laws that governed human society

      • Center of Enlightenment was France

      • Theory of progress was ideology of philosophes

      • Apply reason/science to society, government, law

    B. Voltaire (1694-1778)

      • Champion of religious liberty and individual freedom

      • Prolific writer; father of Enlightenment

    C. John Locke

      • All human knowledge comes from sense perceptions

      • Life, Liberty and Property; 1689 English Bill of Rights

      • Allowed persons to revolt against an oppressive ruler

    D. Adam Smith: laws of supply and demand determine price

    E. Montesquieu: checks, balances, balanced government



    F. Deism

    G. Impact of Enlightenment

      • Weakened the influence of organized religion

      • Encouraged secular values based on reason rather than revelation

      • Subjected society to rational analysis, promoted progress and prosperity

      • Enlightenment applied science to every day life and made science practical

    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________




    Share with your friends:
  • 1   2




    The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2020
    send message

        Main page