Towards Democratisation?: Understanding university students’ Internet use in mainland China


-2327. 0 Kojima, R. 1995. Urbanisation in China. The Developing Economies, 33(2)



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0 Kojima, R. 1995. Urbanisation in China. The Developing Economies, 33(2), 121-54. p.132.

0 Section 4 Composition of Urban and Rural Population, Birth rate, Death rate, and Natural Growth Rate of Provinces and Regions, Chapter 3 Population, China Statistical Yearbook 2009, available at: http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/ndsj/2010/indexch.htm. [Accessed 11 May 2011]

0 Section 3 Composition of Population in the Three Sectors, Chapter 4 Employed Population and Payments, China Statistical Yearbook 2009, available at: http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/ndsj/2010/indexch.htm. [Accessed 11 May 2011]

0 Section 10 Development of Radio Broadcasting, Television and Movie Chapter 21 Culture, Sports and Health, China Statistical Yearbook 2009, available at: http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/ndsj/2010/indexch.htm. [Accessed 20 May 2011]

0 Ibid.

0 Publication of Books, Magazines and Newspapers in 2009, Culture, \National Data, available at: http://data.stats.gov.cn/workspace/index;jsessionid=8281E289287DB31EDC8D78372F43E33D?m=hgnd. [Accessed 28 November 2013]

0 The Atlantic, URL (consulted 12 December 2011):http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2011/02/google-china-and-chinese-college-students-part-iii/71146/#bio.

0 When McCracken (1988) referred to the qualitative interview, he meant the long interview. As another important qualitative interview, the in-depth interview is the same in this sense.

0 The number was calculated by the researcher based on the statistics provided by The Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China (http://www.moe.edu.cn/publicfiles/business/htmlfiles/moe/s7255/201303/149856.html, consulted at 10th May, 2013). The rate of in-school PhD students against the population of university students = the number of in-school students of Doctor Degrees / the number of in-school students of Doctor’s Degrees + the number of in-school students of Master’s Degrees + the number of in-school undergraduates in normal courses.

0 According to Lewis (2010), locating the West or Western civilisation is not geographically natural. It is a complex and unresolved issue. Therefore the thesis tries not to use the categories of the West and the rest unless the referred literature or the participants use it. Instead, the thesis employs a standard of democracy and non-democracy to differentiate the studied countries and regions. In the Chinese official discourse, the West refers to the Western capitalist countries, especially the United States and the Western European countries. The participants understand the West as the Western democratic countries. Therefore, Western values refer to their values.

0 http://news.qq.com/.

0 Big Chongqing Website http://cq.qq.com/.

0 http://www.xunkoo.com/.

0 http://www.sina.com.cn/.

0 http://news.baidu.com/.

0 http://news.qq.com/.

0 http://www.people.com.cn/.

0 http://www.putclub.com/, http://mail.163.com/.

0 PPS is a P2P (peer to peer) online TV website. http://www.pps.tv/.

0 http://www.ifeng.com/.

0 http://www.neweekly.com.cn/.

0 http://www.newoo.com/.

0 Google’s search service was relocated to Hong Kong, but was not blocked yet in the PRC when the field was conducted in 2012.

0 China National Knowledge Infrastructure http://www.cnki.net/ , one of the biggest databases of academic writing and publication in China. It is owned mainly by three public universities in China.

0http://www.weibo.com/drhint#!/1749579857/info?from=profile&wvr=5&loc=tabinf#profile_tab, consulted 31/05/2013

0http://www.weibo.com/314117444?from=profile&wvr=5&loc=tabprofile#_rnd1370083341036, consulted 01/06/2013

0http://www.weibo.com/yaochen#!/1266321801/profile?from=profile&wvr=5&loc=tabprofile#profile_tab, consulted 03/06/2013

0 The official website of The Power of Hiking http://www.kpictures.cn/index.php/home-sub.html.

0http://www.weibo.com/chenkun#!/1087770692/profile?from=profile&wvr=5&loc=tabprofile#profile_tab, consulted 03/06/2013

0http://www.weibo.com/chenkun#!/1087770692/profile?from=profile&wvr=5&loc=tabprofile#profile_tab, consulted 03/06/2013.

0See some examples of his blogs: http://www.scmp.com/comment/blogs/article/1122061/there-always-power-tribute-southern-weekly, (Han, 2013).

0http://www.weibo.com/1197161814/profile?from=profile&wvr=5&loc=tabprofile#profile_tab, consulted 05/06/2013.

0 http://www.weibo.com/1195403385/profile?from=profile&wvr=5&loc=tabprofile#profile_tab, consulted 05/06/2013.

0 http://www.weibo.com/1182389073/profile?from=profile&wvr=5&loc=tabprofile#profile_tab, consulted 05/06/2013.

0 http://www.weibo.com/u/1413971423, consulted 27/06/2013.

0 http://www.weibo.com/hejiong, consulted 27/06/2013.

0 http://www.weibo.com/yuminhong, consulted 27/06/2013

0 http://weibo.com/p/1035051684388950/info?mod=pedit_more, consulted 05/02/2015.

0 Also known as the Death of Wangyue. She was a two-year-old Chinese girl who was run over by two vehicles on the afternoon of 13 October 2011 in a narrow road in Foshan, Guangdong. As she lay bleeding on the road for more than seven minutes, at least 18 passers-by skirted around her body, ignoring her. She was eventually helped by a female rubbish scavenger and sent to a hospital for treatment, but succumbed to her injuries and died eight days later. The closed-circuit television recording of the incident was uploaded onto the Internet, and quickly stirred widespread reaction in China and overseas. Many commentators saw this as indicative of a growing apathy in contemporary Chinese society (From Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Death_of_Wang_Yue ). The accident was widely covered by English media such as the BBC. (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-15401055, Retrieved 13 October, 2012), The Guardian (http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/feedarticle/9907601, Retrieved 13 October, 2012), The Wall Street Journal (http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970203752604576645033136435572.html, Retrieved 13 October, 2012), and The Telegraph (http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/8840381/Chinese-girl-run-over-by-a-car-dies.html#, and http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/8841840/As-Chinese-hit-and-run-girl-dies-passersby-claim-they-did-not-see-her.html, Retrieved 13 October, 2012).

0 An online forum aiming at providing free categorised information for local communities. It now has more than 320 divisions in major cities in China.

0 A commercial website which provides information about IT information and current prices of computers, mobile phones, digital products, software and so on to common users and dealers and claims itself the first portal specialised in IT.

0 A commercial website which provides information about IT information and current prices of computers, mobile phones, digital products, software and so on to common users and dealers.

0 A commercial website which provides information and news about IT industry, technology, and software download for IT technicians and professionals and claims itself the biggest Chinese IT community in the world.

0 a commercial website which provides information about IT information and current prices of computers, mobile phones, digital products, software and so on to common users and dealers.

0 An online forum aiming at providing free categorised information for local communities. It now has more than 320 divisions in major cities in China.

0 The principle of democratic centralism is an important feature of ‘democracy with Chinese character’. It also means ‘the lower level being subordinate to the higher level and ‘the minority being subordinate to the majority’ (Hayhoe, 1988). More importantly, it means a single ruling party system (Shambaugh, 2008).

0 A Singapore based Chinese newspaper http://www.zaobao.com.sg/english/english.shtml, Retrieved 13 October, 2012).

0 News about people’s welfare: or so-called Minsheng News on news portals or online forums. It is a very popular column in China. It includes news about every aspect that affects people’s life, including government policies, corruption, misconduct, power abuse, natural disasters, environmental pollution, food security, people’s daily life, difficulties they experience, and so on.

0 The official website of Chongqing Municipal Government: http://en.cq.gov.cn/AboutChongqing/2007/6/12/981918.shtml.

0 United Way of America, based in Alexandria, Virginia, is a non-profit organization that works with nearly 1,300 local United Way offices throughout the country in a coalition of charitable organizations to pool efforts in fundraising and support.



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