Towards a Pan-European Economic Space Ivan Samson1



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APPENDIX





























EU trade with neighbours

and China 2001 (bn$)






















 

Exp Tot

Share

Rank

Imp Tot

Share

Rank

Total

2291

1

 

2334

1

 

CEEC

105

0.046

 

94

0.040

 

CIS

33

0.014

 

43

0.018

 

Russia

24.4

0.011

6

34.3

0.015

5

China

26.5

0.012

5

67.3

0.029

2

Turkey

17.7

0.008

12

18

0.008

11

UAE

12.1

0.005

19

 

 

 

S Arabia

11.5

0.005

20

11.36

0.005

16

Tunisia

7.1

0.003

27

 

 

 

Algeria

6.7

0.003

29

10.5

0.004

20






















Source: WTO


































CIS Trade with main partners 2001 (bn $)
















 

Exp Tot

Share

Imp Tot

Share

CIS Total

146,3

100

94,1

100

CIS

30,9

0,211

34,8

0,370

CEEC

16,7

0,114

5

0,053

EU

43,1

0,295

33,1

0,352

USA

8,3

0,057

3,8

0,040

China

9,6

0,066

3,5

0,037

 

 

 

 

 

Russia tot

103,1

100

53,9

100

CIS

15,3

0,148

13,2

0,245

CEEC

13,6

0,132

2,3

0,043

EU

34,3

0,333

24,3

0,451

USA

6,7

0,065

2,7

0,050

China

8

0,078

2,7

0,050

 

 

 

 

 

Ukraine tot

16,3

100

15,8

100

CIS

4,7

0,288

9

0,570

CEEC

1,8

0,110

1,7

0,108

EU

3,1

0,190

4,3

0,272

USA

0,8

0,049

0,2

0,013

China

0,6

0,037

0,2

0,013

 

 

 

 

 

Kazakhstan

8,6

100

6,4

100

CIS

2,6

0,302

3,3

0,516

CEEC

0,4

0,047

0,2

0,031

EU

2,6

0,302

1,4

0,219

USA

0,4

0,047

0,2

0,031

China

1

0,116

0,3

0,047

 

 

 

 

 

Belarus

7,5

100

8

100

CIS

4,5

0,600

5,9

0,738

CEEC

0,4

0,053

0,4

0,050

EU

0,6

0,080

1,2

0,150

USA

0,1

0,013

0,03

0,004

China

0,03

0,004

0,01

0,001
















Source: WTO














1 This paper develops ideas, which arose when Ivan Samson was director of RECEP Moscow, 2000-2002. The Russian-European Centre for Economic Policy (RECEP) was set-up by the European Union in 1995 to advise Russian economic policy agencies. From 2000 to 2002, under the management of UPMF (Grenoble), RECEP focused a significant part of its research capacities on investigation of different aspects of Russia’s economic opening, and definition of the concept of a Common European Economic Space (CEES). More than 40 research papers were written by EU and Russian economists for this purpose, and a White Book on the topic was published at the end of 2002. This White Book, as a contribution from an independent think tank, is currently a support document to the EU-RF dialogue on the topic. The arguments presented here reflect the opinions of the author and do not claim to reflect the position of the European Commission.

2 Ivan Samson (2002) "Establishment of a Common European Economic Area as a factor of Russia's sustainable Growth", European Review of Economics and Finance, Vol. 1 n°2, September, Lisbon, pp. 75-101; Ivan Samson, Xavier Greffe (2002) "Common Economic Space: Prospects for Russia-EU relations", RECEP White Book Moscow., 160 p. See also: http://europa.eu.int/comm/external_relations/russia/intro/index.htm .

3 W.J. Baumol (1986) "Productivity Growth, Convergence, and Welfare : What the Long-Run Data Show", American Economic Review, 76, 5, p1072-1085; R.E. Lucas (1988) "On the Mechanics of Economic Development", Journal of Monetary Economics, Vol. 22, p139-199; R.J. Barro, X.X. Sala-I-Martin (1991) "Convergence across States and Regions", Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1, p107-158.

4 Ivan Samson (1999) "The Eastern policies of Europe and the two worlds of transition"; 2nd EACES workshop “European enlargement to the East, but at what speed ?" Paris, March 22-23..

5 Samson (1999) op. cit. p. 10.

6 Samson (1999) op. cit.

7 Ivan Samson - ”Il est indispensable de repenser l'aide aux pays en transition”  Le Monde 8.11. 1999.

8 The integration effect is simulated by a strong increase in substitutability between domestic and imported goods (Armington elasticity).

9 Oxana Koukhartchouk, Mathilde Maurel (2002) "Institutions and Trade in Transition Countries", RECEP working paper, Moscow, 24 p.

10 These are so far unpublished studies owned by the EC : Paul Brenton (2002) "The Economic Impact of a EU-Russia Free Trade Agreement"; Paul Brenton, Natalia Tourdveva, John Whally (2002) "The Economic Impact of a Free Trade Agreement between Russia and the EU: Numerical Simulations using a General Equilibrium Trade Model"; Paul Brenton, Miriam Manchin (2002) "Trade in Services, Foreign Direct Investment and Technology Transfer: Implications of an EU-Russia Free Trade Agreement for Economic Efficiency and Growth".

11 Jacques Fontanel, Ivan Samson (2003) "Les liaisons dangereuses entre l’Etat et l'économie russe" L'Harmattan, Paris, 212 p.

12 "Wider Europe— Neighbourhood: A New Framework for Relations with our Eastern and Southern Neighbours", COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE COUNCIL AND THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, 26 p. http://europa.eu.int/comm/external_relations/we/doc/com03_104_en.pdf

13 Vladimir Mau, Vadim Novikov (2002) "Economic relations between Russia and the EU: the Space of Choice or the Choice of Space?" (in Russian), Voprosy Ekonomiki n°6.

14 Béla Galgóczi (2003) "Social and economic cost of EU enlargement – from the point of view of the new member states", prepared for the UN–ECE conference: “TRADE, BUSINESS AND INVESTMENT IN A WIDER EUROPE” Palais des Nations, Geneva, 7 April 2003, p. 12.

15 Alan Mayhew "Financial and Budgetary Implications of the Accession of Central and East European Countries to the European Union" Working Paper 33, Brighton: Sussex European Institute, cited in Patrick A. Messerlin, Measuring the Costs of Protection in Europe, Washington, DC: Institute for International Economics.

16 Alan Mayhew and W. Orlowski "The Impact of EU Accession on Enterprise Adaptation and Institutional Development in the EU-Associated Countries in Central and Eastern Europe" London: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 1998, cited in Messerlin, op. cit.

17 http://www.eu2001.se/static/fr/eu_info/utvidgning_effekter.asp

18 Anders Aslund (2003) "East-Central Europe & the CIS: Economic divergence?" Meeting of the UNDP/RBEC Advisory Board, Moscow, May.






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